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Bear any burden? John F. Kennedy and Nuclear Weapons

Philip Nash

in Cold War Statesmen Confront the Bomb: Nuclear Diplomacy Since 1945

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780198294689
eISBN:
9780191601538
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294689.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Kennedy's reliance on non‐nuclear assets and flexible response overshadowed his reliance on nuclear weapons, just as his nuclear restraint eclipsed recklessness. This is not surprising in view of the ... More


The Search for a Strategic Consensus in NATO: Adoption of Flexible Response

HELGA HAFTENDORN

in NATO and the Nuclear Revolution: A Crisis of Credibility 1966–67

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198280033
eISBN:
9780191684333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198280033.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter focuses on the period between the autumn of 1966 to the end of 1967, when the Ministerial Guidelines of May 1967 and the new strategic concept of flexible response (M/C 14/3) were ... More


Britain, Germany, and the Origins of Flexible Response

CHRISTOPH BLUTH

in Britain, Germany, and Western Nuclear Strategy

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198280040
eISBN:
9780191684340
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198280040.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter focuses on the developments in American strategic thinking and European responses to the US strategy of ‘flexible response’. The chapter provides a detailed analysis of West German ... More


NATO and the Nuclear Revolution: A Crisis of Credibility 1966–67

Helga Haftendorn

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198280033
eISBN:
9780191684333
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198280033.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This book deals with the crucially important NATO crises of 1966–7 — a period when a number of issues which had been developing for some time within NATO came to a head. The book concentrates on the ... More


Britain, Germany, and Western Nuclear Strategy

Christoph Bluth

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198280040
eISBN:
9780191684340
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198280040.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This book provides a comprehensive account of post war British and German policies towards nuclear weapons and how these interacted in the context of alliance strategy. The book gives a detailed ... More


Nuclear Deterrence in NATO

Michael Quinlan

in Thinking About Nuclear Weapons: Principles, Problems, Prospects

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199563944
eISBN:
9780191721274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563944.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter reviews how NATO, amid the tensions and complexities inevitable in a diverse alliance, sought to tackle the task, within its strategic concept of flexible response, of constructing an ... More


NATO nuclear strategy and the adoption of ‘flexible response’

Terry Macintyre

in Anglo-German Relations During the Labour Governments 1964-70: NATO Strategy, Detente and European Integration

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719076008
eISBN:
9781781701485
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719076008.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

This chapter examines the background to the formal adoption by NATO in 1967 of the revised nuclear strategy of ‘flexible response’. By the early 1960s, the security guarantee provided to NATO members ... More


The British Army of the Rhine's Doctrine for Nuclear War

David French

in Army, Empire, and Cold War: The British Army and Military Policy, 1945-1971

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199548231
eISBN:
9780191739224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548231.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

This chapter analyses the evolution of the army's doctrine for nuclear war fighting, from the moment when it first began to consider the possible impact of nuclear weapons on an army in the field in ... More


Reformer and Strategist?

Ingo Trauschweizer

in Maxwell Taylor's Cold War: From Berlin to Vietnam

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780813177007
eISBN:
9780813177038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177007.003.0004
Subject:
History, Military History

In the third chapter I discuss Taylor’s leadership of the army (1955-1959) and his opposition to massive retaliation. Taylor attempted to reform the army by installing new combat divisions for the ... More


Maxwell Taylor's Cold War: From Berlin to Vietnam

Ingo Trauschweizer

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780813177007
eISBN:
9780813177038
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177007.001.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

Maxwell Taylor’s Cold Wartraces the Cold War career of Maxwell Taylor, a Kennedy White House insider and architect of American strategy in Vietnam. After 1945 Taylor led the U.S. Military Academy, ... More


Operational Thinking in the Age of the Atom

Gerhard P. Gross

David T. Zabecki (ed.)

in The Myth and Reality of German Warfare: Operational Thinking from Moltke the Elder to Heusinger

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780813168371
eISBN:
9780813168401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813168371.003.0009
Subject:
History, Military History

Unlike the downfall of 1918, that of 1945 changed fundamentally a central element of German operational thinking. Divided into two states, Germany moved from being the center of Europe to being the ... More


The Storms of Dr. Strangelove: Environmental Warfare and the Science Committee Crisis

Simone Turchetti

in Greening the Alliance: The Diplomacy of NATO's Science and Environmental Initiatives

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226595658
eISBN:
9780226595825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226595825.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

By the mid-1960s, officials at NATO appeared to be dissatisfied about the directions of its science program. Their reservations emerged in the context of a review of NATO's strategy and a follow-up ... More


Conventional Forces and Tactical Nuclear Weapons in NATO Strategy

Simon J. Moody

in Imagining Nuclear War in the British Army, 1945-1989

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198846994
eISBN:
9780191881954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198846994.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History, Military History

Chapter 2 analyses how the British deterrence habit of mind manifested in a preference for a ‘pure-deterrence’ strategy for NATO. NATO’s forums were a market for strategic ideas, and competing ... More


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