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Landscapes

Ricard Solé and Santiago F. Elena

in Viruses as Complex Adaptive Systems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691158846
eISBN:
9780691185118
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158846.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter begins by discussing fitness landscape, an idea first introduced by evolutionary geneticist Sewall Wright and later extended by several other authors. The fitness landscape is defined in ... More


Evolution

Wolfgang Banzhaf and Lidia Yamamoto

in Artificial Chemistries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029438
eISBN:
9780262329460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029438.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

After having discussed how life might have originated in the early Earth (chapter 6), chapter 7 looks at how living organisms evolve by natural selection. It does that from a quantitative ... More


The landscape metaphor in development

Giuseppe Fusco, Roberto Carrer, and Emanuele Serrelli

in Towards a Theory of Development

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199671427
eISBN:
9780191781117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199671427.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Developmental Biology

This chapter reviews and discusses the use of the landscape metaphor in development by analyzing its relationship with experimental work and theoretical modelling. Defining a landscape as a ... More


Evolutionary Processes

Stefan Thurner, Rudolf Hanel, and Peter Klimekl

in Introduction to the Theory of Complex Systems

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198821939
eISBN:
9780191861062
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198821939.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Evolutionary processes combine many features of complex systems: they are algorithmic; states co-evolve with interactions; they show power law statistics; they are selforganized critical; and they ... More


Evolutionary Dynamics

David D. Nolte

in Introduction to Modern Dynamics: Chaos, Networks, Space, and Time

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198844624
eISBN:
9780191880216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844624.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Evolutionary dynamics treats the growth and decay of populations under conditions that influence reproduction, competition, predation and selection. The Lotka–Volterra equations are population ... More


Individual Fitness and the Measurement of Univariate Selection

Bruce Walsh and Michael Lynch

in Evolution and Selection of Quantitative Traits

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198830870
eISBN:
9780191868986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198830870.003.0029
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter examines various estimates of the fitness of an individual, focusing on statistical issues and potential sources of bias. With estimates of individual fitness in hand, one can then ... More


Endogenous Uncertainty and the Dynamics of Constraints

Paul Humphreys

in Philosophical Papers

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780199334872
eISBN:
9780190219710
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199334872.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

An agent- based model of social dynamics is introduced using a deformable fitness landscape, and it is shown that in certain clearly specifiable situations, strategies that are different from utility ... More


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