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Transforming the Twentieth Century: Volume 2: Technical Innovations and Their Consequences

Vaclav Smil

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195168754
eISBN:
9780199783601
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195168755.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This book is a systematic interdisciplinary account of two epochal trends: the history of the 20th century’s technical transformation based on the unprecedented surge of innovation that took place in ... More


Temporal Parts

Eric T. Olson

in What Are We?: A Study in Personal Ontology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176421
eISBN:
9780199872008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176421.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines David Lewis's view that we are temporal parts of animals. It examines three arguments for the view that persisting things have temporal parts–four‐dimensionalism. One is that it ... More


The Phenomenal Self

Barry Dainton

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199288847
eISBN:
9780191710742
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288847.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Provided our mental life continues we can easily imagine ourselves surviving the most dramatic physical alterations. It was this fact that led John Locke to conclude that a credible account of our ... More


Social organization

Vernon Reynolds

in The Chimpanzees of the Budongo Forest: Ecology, Behaviour and Conservation

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198515463
eISBN:
9780191705656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198515463.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

The Sonso community numbers 62 individuals. Like all chimpanzee communities so far described, it has a fission-fusion social organization. Parties form at feeding sites, or for social interaction, or ... More


Inferring Prehistory from Genetic, Linguistic, and Geographic Variation

Keith Hunley, Michael Dunn, Eva Lindström, Ger Reesink, Angela Terrill, Heather Norton, Laura Scheinfeldt, Françoise R. Friedlaender, D. Andrew Merriwether, George Koki, and Jonathan S. Friedlaender

in Population Genetics, Linguistics, and Culture History in the Southwest Pacific

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195300307
eISBN:
9780199790142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300307.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter investigates the fit of genetic, phenotypic, and linguistic data to two well-known models of population history. The first of these models, termed the population fissions model, ... More


Of Jatis

Veena Das

in Structure and Cognition: Aspects of Hindu Caste and Ritual

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198077404
eISBN:
9780199081172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077404.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter continues the discussion of the structure of the Dharmaranya Purana. It is mostly concerned with the myths that are connected to the differentiation among the Vanikas and Brahmas. The ... More


The Topology of the Self

Barry Dainton

in The Phenomenal Self

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199288847
eISBN:
9780191710742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199288847.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

What if a stream of consciousness were to branch into two? What if a single self were to divide into two? Does the thesis that phenomenal continuity is subject-preserving collapse at this point? It ... More


Introduction: A First Encounter with Politics

Tom Shippey

in Hard Reading: Learning from Science Fiction

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781781382615
eISBN:
9781786945167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781382615.003.0021
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

The major irruption of science into modern life has been the development of fission and fusion weapons, which led to the long armed stand-off between powers known as the Cold War, and also to ... More


Nuclear Energy and Electric Power

Vernon W. Ruttan

in Is War Necessary for Economic Growth?: Military Procurement and Technology Development

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195188042
eISBN:
9780199783410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195188047.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Nuclear power is an example of a technology that, in the absence of military and defense-related research, development, and procurement, would not have been developed at all. The demonstration of ... More


Dynamics of fission at finite temperature

Helmut Hofmann

in The Physics of Warm Nuclei: with Analogies to Mesoscopic Systems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198504016
eISBN:
9780191708480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198504016.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter presents basic schemes of deriving rate formulas from Fokker-Planck equations, following Kramers and Langer but accounting for variable transport coefficients. Langer's derivation ... More


The statistical model for the decay of excited nuclei

Helmut Hofmann

in The Physics of Warm Nuclei: with Analogies to Mesoscopic Systems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198504016
eISBN:
9780191708480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198504016.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter begins with a discussion of the decay of the compound nucleus by particle emission. Formulas for the transition rates are derived by exploiting basic properties of the T-matrix, such as ... More


The Originalist Theory Defended and Elaborated

R. M. Sainsbury and Michael Tye

in Seven Puzzles of Thought and How to Solve Them: And How to Solve Them: An Originalist Theory of Concepts

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199695317
eISBN:
9780191738531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695317.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

The originalist theory is developed further, and the notion of concept-using practices developed. There is a discussion of how the theory handles Mates cases, and how these cases pose difficulties ... More


Probability in the Everett Picture

David Albert

in Many Worlds?: Everett, Quantum Theory, and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199560561
eISBN:
9780191721380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560561.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter reviews and criticizes various strategies for making sense of quantum-mechanical probability-talk in the context of Everett Picture, with particular attention to recent such strategies ... More


Personal Identity and Thought Experiments

Tamar Szabó Gendler

in Intuition, Imagination, and Philosophical Methodology

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199589760
eISBN:
9780191595486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589760.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that judgments about far‐fetched thought experiments are not helpful in illuminating the concept of personal identity. This is because certain patterns of features that coincide ... More


PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORIES OF OUR IDENTITY

Ingmar Persson

in The Retreat of Reason: A dilemma in the philosophy of life

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276905
eISBN:
9780191603198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276900.003.0021
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter is a sustained critique of different versions of the view that personal identity consists in some psychological relations that have in basis in brain states or some other material ... More


Multiple incarnations and distributed persons

Robin Le Poidevin

in The Metaphysics of the Incarnation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199583164
eISBN:
9780191725647
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583164.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

One of the many mysteries surrounding the Christian doctrine of incarnation is the so—called ‘scandal of particularity’: if becoming incarnate was necessary for God to enter into the closest possible ... More


Prelude: Phylum Choanoflagellata

Claus Nielsen

in Animal Evolution: Interrelationships of the Living Phyla

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199606023
eISBN:
9780191774706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199606023.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Animal Biology

Comprised of only about 200 species, the Choanoflagellata is a small phylum that occurs in most aquatic habitats. Choanoflagellates are unicellular, solitary, or colony-forming ‘flagellates’ without ... More


Survival and Identity

David Lewis

in Philosophical Papers Volume I

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195032048
eISBN:
9780199833382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195032047.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Prompted by Derek Parfit's early work on personal identity, Lewis advances the view that persons are best regarded as suitably related aggregates of person‐stages. Parfit argues that what matters in ... More


Why Our Identity Is not What Matters

Derek Parfit

in Reasons and Persons

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198249085
eISBN:
9780191598173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019824908X.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Presents actual cases of brain bisection; how we might be able to divide and reunite our minds; what explains the unity of consciousness at any time; the imagined case of full division, in which each ... More


What Will Work: Fighting Climate Change with Renewable Energy, Not Nuclear Power

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794638
eISBN:
9780199919277
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794638.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book uses market data, scientific studies, and ethical analyses to show why we should pursue green energy and conservation, and not nuclear fission, to address ... More


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