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The Crisis of the Social-Democratic State

Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

in Democracy and Public Management Reform: Building the Republican State

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199261185
eISBN:
9780191601507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261180.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The size of the state increased continuously since late nineteenth century, if we measure it by expenditures in relation to GDP. Growth leads cyclically to crisis. State intervention or regulation ... More


Taking Stock

Stephen Skowronek

in The Unsustainable American State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780195392135
eISBN:
9780199852543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392135.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter argues that many scholars still have failed to understand the American state as a “state” and that issues before regarding “sustainability”, “fiscal crisis”, and “legitimation crisis” ... More


Prologue

Michael Veseth

in Mountains of Debt: Crisis and Change in Renaissance Florence, Postwar Britain, and Postwar America

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195064209
eISBN:
9780199854998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195064209.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This book is an experiment in comparative economic history. That is, it attempts to apply a model of structural change and fiscal crisis to two critical periods of the past: Renaissance Florence and ... More


Budget Objectives and Policies

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The Ministry of Finance reacted to the emergence of the fiscal crisis in 1975 by prescribing three related policy aims: to devise and implement a strategy to change the structure of Japan's tax ... More


Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Maurice Wright

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This book traces the origins and development of Japan's recent fiscal crisis. In a detailed analysis of the institutions, structures, and processes of central government, the book explains how ... More


Fiscal Reconstruction: ‘Smoke and Mirrors’

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0025
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The main objective of the Ministry of Finance (MOF) from the emergence of the fiscal crisis in 1975 onwards was to reduce the fiscal deficit on the General Account Budget and, in the longer term, to ... More


The 1991 Reforms: Context and Timing

Suresh D. Tendulkar and T.A. Bhavani

in Understanding Reforms: Post-1991 India

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198085584
eISBN:
9780199082087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198085584.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter presents a discussion of the fiscal and external payments crises of the 1980s that provided the context for the post-1991 reforms, and other contingent factors that contributed to the ... More


The Politico-Economic Context

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter provides a general overview of the evolution of Japan's political economy and signals some of the main changes from the emergence of the fiscal crisis in fiscal year 1975 to the ... More


Overcoming the Fiscal Crisis of the African State

Tony Addison and LÈonce Ndikumana

in From Conflict to Recovery in Africa

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261031
eISBN:
9780191698712
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261031.003.0015
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses the dimensions of the fiscal crisis of the African state. It then describes the size of the fiscal peace-dividend that can be expected and the setting of expenditure priorities ... More


Structural Change and Fiscal Crisis

Michael Veseth

in Mountains of Debt: Crisis and Change in Renaissance Florence, Postwar Britain, and Postwar America

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195064209
eISBN:
9780199854998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195064209.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter presents basic ideas concerning structural change and fiscal crisis in the long view. It discusses the causes of major structural economic change and its likely impact on social ... More


Administrative Reform

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The fiscal crisis experienced in Japan from the mid-1970s gave rise to a broadly based campaign of administrative reform associated with the work of the Second Provisional Commission for ... More


Introduction: Roots of the Bankruptcy

Mark Baldassare

in When Government Fails: The Orange County Bankruptcy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520214859
eISBN:
9780520921368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520214859.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

Orange County, California, became the largest municipality in U.S. history to declare bankruptcy when it filed for Chapter 9 protection on December 6, 1994. Municipal bankruptcies are rare events ... More


Saddle Points

Michael Veseth

in Mountains of Debt: Crisis and Change in Renaissance Florence, Postwar Britain, and Postwar America

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195064209
eISBN:
9780199854998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195064209.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter develops the idea of the “saddle point,” where changes in economic and social policy are critical to the future. It looks back at Florence and Britain to see why they failed when they ... More


Norman Street: Poverty and Politics in an Urban Neighborhood, Updated Edition

Ida Susser

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195367317
eISBN:
9780199951192
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367317.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility, Urban and Rural Studies

This book presents an examination of a scenario that appears likely to be played out again and again as federal budget policies result in reduced services for urban areas across the United States. ... More


Social Policy in Challenging Times: Economic Crisis and Welfare Systems

Kevin Farnsworth and Zoe Irving (eds)

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9781847428288
eISBN:
9781447305521
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847428288.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

There is no precedent to the 2008 economic crisis or its aftermath. The world's most important financial centres all but collapsed under its weight. And some of the world's largest financial ... More


Introduction

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This book investigates the fiscal crisis being experienced by Japan, focusing on the Ministry of Finance (MOF) and its central budgetary system in the last quarter of the 20th century. It examines ... More


The Origins of Japan's Fiscal Crisis

Maurice Wright

in Japan's Fiscal Crisis: The Ministry of Finance and the Politics of Public Spending, 1975-2000

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199250530
eISBN:
9780191697937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250530.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter traces the origins of Japan's fiscal crisis that emerged in the mid-1970s, and describes the symptoms and characteristics that persisted for the rest of the 20th century. The fiscal ... More


Repoliticising depoliticisation: theoretical preliminaries on some responses to the American fiscal and Eurozone debt crises

Bob Jessop

in Tracing the Political: Depoliticisation, governance and the state

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781447326601
eISBN:
9781447326625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447326601.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Politicisation, depoliticisation, and repoliticisation are basic and interrelated concepts in political analysis. They may also describe specific political strategies in relatively stable, turbulent ... More


Mountains of Debt and the Heart of Florence

Michael Veseth

in Mountains of Debt: Crisis and Change in Renaissance Florence, Postwar Britain, and Postwar America

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195064209
eISBN:
9780199854998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195064209.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Economics and politics are two sides of the same coin. This was particularly the case in the Renaissance, when the coin was a florin. Economic trends and conditions in Florence determined its ... More


The New Mountains of Debt

Michael Veseth

in Mountains of Debt: Crisis and Change in Renaissance Florence, Postwar Britain, and Postwar America

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195064209
eISBN:
9780199854998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195064209.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The United States federal government began to experience increasingly severe symptoms of fiscal crisis as the 1980s progressed. Unable to achieve fiscal balance through normal means, the ... More


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