Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation

You are looking at 1-20 of 44 items

  • Keywords: first principles x
Clear All Modify Search

View:

The Concept of God in Middle Platonism

Henny Fiskå Hägg

in Clement of Alexandria and the Beginnings of Christian Apophaticism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199288083
eISBN:
9780191604164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288089.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter deals with the philosophical school that influenced Clement most, Middle Platonism. Middle Platonist philosophy is represented by three of its main exponents: Alcinous, Atticus, and ... More


First Principles and Common‐Sense Morality in Sidgwick's Ethics

J. B. Schneewind

in Essays on the History of Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563012
eISBN:
9780191721731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563012.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Sidgwick argues that common sense morality is not a repository of intuitively evident moral principles, as some of his contemporaries thought. Common sense rules cannot provide conclusive reasons for ... More


Justifying Retributivism

Michael Moore

in Placing Blame: A Theory of the Criminal Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199599493
eISBN:
9780191594649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599493.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter mulls over the justificatory apparatus of the preceding chapter. A secondary literature critical of that apparatus has developed, and the main arguments of that literature are ... More


Taking It to Heart: Mill on Appropriation and the Art of Ethics

Robert H. Haraldsson

in John Stuart Mill and the Art of Life

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195381245
eISBN:
9780199869213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381245.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The chapter compares two misguided forms of moral reasoning that Mill identifies as threats to moral life. First, it studies the tendency of ethicists to overlook secondary principles in moral ... More


Moral Knowledge and Moral Principles

J. B. Schneewind

in Essays on the History of Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563012
eISBN:
9780191721731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563012.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

If moral knowledge requires deductively assured conclusions about particular cases, then to block an infinite regress there must be intuitively evident first principles of complete generality to ... More


The Problem of First Principles

Terence Irwin

in Aristotle's First Principles

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198242901
eISBN:
9780191597770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198242905.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This introductory chapter establishes the scope and connexions of the chapters in this volume by discussing the concepts of first principles, realism, dialectic and philosophy, puzzles about ... More


Puzzles About Science

Terence Irwin

in Aristotle's First Principles

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198242901
eISBN:
9780191597770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198242905.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Aristotle’s account of scientific knowledge implies that dialectic cannot itself give sufficient reason for claiming to have found first principles of science. Thus, Aristotle owes some different ... More


Speusippus and the Search for an Adequate System of Principles

John Dillon

in The Heirs of Plato: A Study of the Old Academy (347-274 BC)

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237662
eISBN:
9780191597336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237669.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Plato's nephew Speusippus was already over 60 when he assumed the headship of the Academy on his uncle's death, and his reign was short (347–339). Aristotle is our principle source for the Old ... More


Explanation and Definition: The Basic Model Reconsidered and Refined

David Charles

in Aristotle on Meaning and Essence

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256730
eISBN:
9780191597183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925673X.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Aristotle's view of the interdependency of explanation and definition rests on a metaphysical thesis: essences are what determine the nature of kinds in such a way as (1) to make their causal ... More


The Establishment of Ethical First Principles

Henry Sidgwick

in Essays on Ethics and Method

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250234
eISBN:
9780191598432
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250231.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Sidgwick discusses the dilemma confronting the ethical theorist whose first principles, as first principles, do not require a proof, and yet are rarely accepted without a defence. The solution lies ... More


History and Dialectic in Metaphysics A 3 History and Dialectic in Metaphysics A 3 Metaphysics A 3, 983a24–4b8

Rachel Barney

in Aristotle's Metaphysics Alpha: Symposium Aristotelicum

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199639984
eISBN:
9780191743337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639984.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses Metaphysics A.3, 983a24-4b8, in which Aristotle proposes to examine the first principles [archai] of his Presocratic predecessors in terms of his own theory of the four causes ... More


The Old Academy

Lloyd P. Gerson

in From Plato to Platonism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452413
eISBN:
9780801469183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452413.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter proposes that the Old Academy after Plato are continuators of the project he had begun. That is, the chapter assumes that they, like Aristotle himself, are adherents of Ur-Platonism (UP) ... More


Conclusion – and Retrospect Conclusion – and Retrospect Metaphysicsc A 10

John M. Cooper

in Aristotle's Metaphysics Alpha: Symposium Aristotelicum

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199639984
eISBN:
9780191743337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639984.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The first part of the chapter translates and discusses, section by section, Metaphysics Α 10. The second part rveiews in retrospect Aristotle's intentions in Metaphysics Α as a whole, and the ... More


A Science of First Principles A Science of First Principles Metaphysics A 2

Sarah Broadie

in Aristotle's Metaphysics Alpha: Symposium Aristotelicum

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199639984
eISBN:
9780191743337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639984.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter continues the discussion of Cambiano's on A 1, since Aristotle's chapters A 1-2 are evidently a continuous introduction. The problem of what exactly it is an introduction to, i.e. the ... More


Aristotle's Metaphysics Alpha: Symposium Aristotelicum

Oliver Primavesi

Carlos Steel (ed.)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199639984
eISBN:
9780191743337
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639984.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

he volumes of the “Symposium Aristotelicum” have become in the last fifty years the obligatory reference works for all studies on Aristotle. In this 18th volume a distinguished group of scholars ... More


Is and Ought in Aquinas

John Finnis

in Reason in Action: Collected Essays Volume I

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580057
eISBN:
9780191729379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580057.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Natural inclinations are not the ground of the truth or intelligibility of practical reason's first principles, which direct us to the basic aspects of human flourishing. But inclinations are ... More


Prologue: America: A Blank Slate for English Utopianism

Thomas D. Wilson

in The Ashley Cooper Plan: The Founding of Carolina and the Origins of Southern Political Culture

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781469628905
eISBN:
9781469626307
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469628905.003.0001
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter explores utopianism as a prominent facet of English settlement in North America, beginning with the quest for freedom of conscience in New England and Maryland. The later colonies of ... More


The justification of utilitarianism

David O. Brink

in Mill's Progressive Principles

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199672141
eISBN:
9780191751257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672141.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter describes Mill's ethical naturalism, critiques a traditional reading of Mill's proof, defends an alternative reading of the proof, and compares Mill's justification of utilitarianism ... More


Horizons: The Beginning and End of the Drama of Salvation

Peter W. Martens

in Origen and Scripture: The Contours of the Exegetical Life

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199639557
eISBN:
9780191738135
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639557.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies, Biblical Studies

The preceding chapters demonstrate the ways in which Origen contextualized interpreters of Scripture within the middle of the Christian drama of salvation. However, this drama stretched both behind ... More


The Origin and Aim of APo 2.19

David Bronstein

in Aristotle on Knowledge and Learning: The Posterior Analytics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198724902
eISBN:
9780191792427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198724902.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter closely examines the last and most famous chapter of the Posterior Analytics: 2.19. It argues, against the standard view, that Aristotle’s aim is not to explain the whole route we must ... More


View: