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To Keep or To Change First Past The Post?: The Politics of Electoral Reform

André Blais (ed.)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199539390
eISBN:
9780191715761
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539390.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

The book addresses the following questions: What fosters or hinders reform of first past the post? When and why does reform emerge on the political agenda? Who proposes and who opposes reform? When ... More


Electoral Systems—Simple and Complex

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

To allocate seats to candidates or parties, even a simple electoral system must specify at least the following: the total number of seats in the assembly (assembly size); the number of seats ... More


Inherent and Contingent Factors in Reform Initiation in Plurality Systems *

Matthew Søberg Shugart

in To Keep or To Change First Past The Post?: The Politics of Electoral Reform

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199539390
eISBN:
9780191715761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539390.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Economy

Electoral reform may be explained through a model that incorporates both inherent and contingent factors. An electoral system has an inherent tendency towards “systemic failure,” understood as ... More


Parties and Society in New Zealand

Jack Vowles

in Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199240562
eISBN:
9780191600296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199240566.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The first introductory section discusses the evolution of the current party system in New Zealand, from a system dominated by the two parties around which it had aligned in the 1930s, to the ... More


The Duvergerian Agenda

Rein Taagepera

in Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199287741
eISBN:
9780191713408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199287741.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Starting with the characteristics of the electoral systems, the ‘Duvergerian agenda’ aims at predicting the average seat and vote share distributions of parties, the effective number of parties, and ... More


V4. Electoral System

Matthew Flinders

in Democratic Drift: Majoritarian Modification and Democratic Anomie in the United Kingdom

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199271597
eISBN:
9780191709234
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271597.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, UK Politics

The politics of electoral reform under New Labour provides a critical case of marginalization and strategic manoeuvring in order to avoid shifting to a more proportional electoral system. And yet ... More


Why the Conservatives lost their majority – but still won

John Bartle

in None past the post: Britain at the polls, 2017

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781526133281
eISBN:
9781526138828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526133281.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter answers the key question of why the Conservatives lost their majority at the 2017 general election but remained in power under Theresa May. If first describes the election outcome before ... More


The Politics of Personalization since 1989: Closed-List, Open-List, Mixed, and Non-List Systems

Alan Renwick and Jean-Benoit Pilet

in Faces on the Ballot: The Personalization of Electoral Systems in Europe

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199685042
eISBN:
9780191765346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199685042.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter continues the book’s examination of the politics of electoral system personalization since 1989. It focuses on reform debates and processes in countries using electoral systems that ... More


The Politics of Electoral Reform

Lee Drutman

in Breaking the Two-Party Doom Loop: The Case for Multiparty Democracy in America

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2020
ISBN:
9780190913854
eISBN:
9780197516980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190913854.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics, Comparative Politics

This chapter explains how electoral reform can happen in America. Nobody doubts American politics is broken. Poll after poll confirms a deeply discontented electorate. However, there is less ... More


United Kingdom: Male Dominance Unbroken?

Joni Lovenduski

in Breaking Male Dominance in Old Democracies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199653898
eISBN:
9780191751578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653898.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The core argument of the UK chapter is that internal party politics mobilized by party women explains decisions to increase the position of women in elected office. The critical actors were and are ... More


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