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Spectres of False Divinity: Hume's Moral Atheism

Thomas Holden

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199579945
eISBN:
9780191722776
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579945.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This book presents an historical and critical interpretation of Hume's rejection of the existence of a deity with moral attributes. It argues that in Hume's view no first cause or designer ... More


Cosmic Wonder and Cosmological Arguments for God

C. Stephen Evans

in Natural Signs and Knowledge of God: A New Look at Theistic Arguments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199217168
eISBN:
9780191712401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217168.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter argues that a theistic natural sign pointing to God's existence lies at the core of cosmological arguments; this sign is called “cosmic wonder” and is sometimes elicited by considering ... More


The Arguments from Determinism

Thomas Holden

in Spectres of False Divinity: Hume's Moral Atheism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199579945
eISBN:
9780191722776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579945.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter documents and examines Hume's account of the implications of his deterministic ‘doctrine of necessity’ for the moral status of any first cause or designer. There are two main ... More


The Existence of Alpha

Norman Kretzmann

in The Metaphysics of Theism: Aquinas's Natural Theology in Summa contra gentiles I

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246533
eISBN:
9780191597886
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924653X.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Without a good argument as yet for the existence of God or anything else that might count as the universal first source of being and assuming that there is an answer to the question, why is there ... More


From Independence to Perfection

Norman Kretzmann

in The Metaphysics of Theism: Aquinas's Natural Theology in Summa contra gentiles I

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246533
eISBN:
9780191597886
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924653X.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Identifying an acknowledged first cause as God requires further argumentation to show that this extraordinary entity must have characteristics that pick out the supreme being of the monotheistic ... More


Summary of the Periphyseon; Books I and II

John J. O’Meara

in Eriugena

Published in print:
1988
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198266747
eISBN:
9780191683084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198266747.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter presents a summary of Books I and II of Eriugena’s main work, Periphyseon. Book I deals with the fourfold division of universal nature. The subject of Book II is the procession of the ... More


Religion and Theology I: “Of Religion”

Devin Stauffer

in Hobbes's Kingdom of Light: A Study of the Foundations of Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226552903
eISBN:
9780226553061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226553061.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter considers Hobbes’s treatment of religion in the early chapters of Leviathan, especially in Chapter 12, “Of Religion.” In that chapter, Hobbes presents an account of the psychological ... More


Atheism …

Peter J. Steinberger

in The Problem with God: Why Atheists, True Believers, and Even Agnostics Must All Be Wrong

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163545
eISBN:
9780231535205
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163545.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter refutes the atheist's claim that God doesn't exist. Under the logic of cause and effect, the world, if it exists, must have had a cause. The existence of the world absolutely requires ... More


Religion and Theology II: Hobbes’s Natural Theology

Devin Stauffer

in Hobbes's Kingdom of Light: A Study of the Foundations of Modern Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226552903
eISBN:
9780226553061
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226553061.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter discusses Hobbes’s account of “the kingdom of God by nature” in Chapter 31 of Leviathan. Hobbes here develops a new natural theology that contains an implicit critique of traditional ... More


Dystopia or Entrepreneurial Fantasy: Kaminey (2009)

M.K. Raghavendra

in The Politics of Hindi Cinema in the New Millennium: Bollywood and the Anglophone Indian Nation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199450565
eISBN:
9780199083091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199450565.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

Kaminey is intended as a ‘dark’ film about criminality in everyday urban life and teems with gangsters, drug dealers, and crooked politicians, but the curiously celebratory approach of the film ... More


An Eminent and Erudite Platonist

A. E. Taylor

in The Moral Argument: A History

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190246365
eISBN:
9780190246396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190246365.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

A. E. Taylor argued at length against an artificial dichotomy between fact and value, in an effort to carve out evidential space for morality. Divorcing facts and values is like trying to separate ... More


The Unchangeable Necessary Being

Leslie Stevenson

in Eighteen Takes on God: A Short Guide for Those Who Are Still Perplexed

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780190066109
eISBN:
9780190066130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190066109.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

In medieval times a metaphysical conception of God was developed from Greek and Islamic ideas. According to this, God is the unchangeable necessary being who is the ultimate cause for everything that ... More


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