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Making a Federal Case of It

Ted Gest

in Crime and Politics: Big Government's Erratic Campaign for Law and Order

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195103434
eISBN:
9780199833887
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195103432.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Over the years, Congress has consistently increased the jurisdiction of federal courts over crime, from 17 specified offenses when the nation was founded to several thousand now. More than 40% of ... More


From Fieldwork to Facts to Firearms Control: Research and Advocacy Toward Stricter Firearms Control Legislation in South Africa

Maylene Shung King, Paula Proudlock, and Lori Michelson

in Research for Action: Cross-National Perspectives on Connecting Knowledge, Policy, and Practice for Children

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195314083
eISBN:
9780199865550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195314083.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Firearms were found to be a major cause of injury and death among children in the 5- to 18-year-old age group and the leading cause of death in young men in their late teens in South Africa. In the ... More


The Means of Violence

Barbara Donagan

in War in England 1642-1649

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199285181
eISBN:
9780191713668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285181.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter discusses weapons used in the English civil war. Civil war armies used a transitional mixture of firearms and ‘muscle-powered weapons’ ranging from heavy artillery to clubs. Even the bow ... More


Lending to the Sound of Cannon

Mauricio Drelichman and Hans-Joachim Voth

in Lending to the Borrower from Hell: Debt, Taxes, and Default in the Age of Philip II

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151496
eISBN:
9781400848430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151496.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter discusses wartime spending and the rise of the fiscal-military state. The need to borrow was intimately related to the cost of war. After 1500, a “military revolution” transformed ... More


The Gunpowder Revolution

John Landers

in The Field and the Forge: Population, Production, and Power in the Pre-industrial West

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199279579
eISBN:
9780191719448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279579.003.0007
Subject:
History, Social History, Economic History

The introduction of gunpowder to warfare represented the beginning of the large-scale exploitation of chemical energy by human societies. The introduction of firearms to land warfare affected all ... More


Interchangeable Parts and Mass Production

Vernon W. Ruttan

in Is War Necessary for Economic Growth?: Military Procurement and Technology Development

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195188042
eISBN:
9780199783410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195188047.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Economic historians have characterized the American system of manufacturing, or more appropriately the New England armory system, as the assembly of complex products produced from individual ... More


Good Guys with Guns: The Appeal and Consequences of Concealed Carry

Angela Stroud

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781469627892
eISBN:
9781469627915
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469627892.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Ethical Issues and Debates

Although the rate of gun ownership in U.S. households has declined from an estimated 50 percent in 1970 to approximately 32 percent today, Americans' propensity for carrying concealed firearms has ... More


Police, state, fatal force and accountability

Maurice Punch

in Shoot to kill: Police accountability, firearms and fatal force

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424730
eISBN:
9781447303350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424730.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

Most police officers in Britain will never hold a firearm, face a gun or fire one. And the majority has consistently shown no desire to carry firearms routinely. Moreover, in the vast majority of ... More


Firearms in British and in Dutch policing

Maurice Punch

in Shoot to kill: Police accountability, firearms and fatal force

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424730
eISBN:
9781447303350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424730.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

This chapter retraces the history of the unarmed ‘Bobby’ of 1829 and outlines the developments in the police use of firearms including development policy and practice in this area. It specifically ... More


The English in Western Africa to 1700

P. E. H. Hair and Robin Law

in The Oxford History of the British Empire: Volume I: The Origins of Empire: British Overseas Enterprise to the Close of the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205623
eISBN:
9780191676703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205623.003.0011
Subject:
History, World Modern History, British and Irish Modern History

Like many other parts of the world before 1700, western Africa was linguistically and ethnically fragmented. In consequence, it had multiple polities of varying size, structure, and potential. Down ... More


Shoot to kill: Police accountability, firearms and fatal force

Maurice Punch

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424730
eISBN:
9781447303350
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424730.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

The shooting of Jean Charles de Menezes at Stockwell underground station in 2005 raised acute issues about operational practice, legitimacy, accountability and policy making regarding police use of ... More


Firearm Legislation Linked with Fewer Fatal Police Shootings

Michael D. Stein and Sandro Galea

in Pained: Uncomfortable Conversations about the Public's Health

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780197510384
eISBN:
9780197510414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197510384.003.0042
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter studies how states with stricter firearm legislation have fewer fatal police shootings—defined as the rate of people killed by law enforcement agencies. The authors of a 2017 study used ... More


Jack of All Trades

Peter Earle

in The Earles of Liverpool: A Georgian Merchant Dynasty

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781781381731
eISBN:
9781781382301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781381731.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

William engaged in many other activities during his slaving years. They include trade to the Mediterranean, the shipment of mahogany and other West Indian goods from Jamaica and Honduras and the ... More


Police use of firearms: Deadly guns, scenarios and ‘mistakes’

Maurice Punch

in Shoot to kill: Police accountability, firearms and fatal force

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424730
eISBN:
9781447303350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424730.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Crime and Justice

This chapter discusses the nature of firearms and the damage they can do. It discusses the role of guns on incidents such as on massacres with legal weapons, and on diverse scenarios in policing for ... More


Existing Gun Controls

James B. Jacobs

in Can Gun Control Work?

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195176582
eISBN:
9780199850020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176582.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter provides a brief historical tour of federal firearms regulation and some background on state and local gun controls. It traces the history of federal and state gun control from the 1920s ... More


Portuguese Small Arms

Richard J. Garrett

in The Defences of Macau: Forts, Ships and Weapons over 450 years

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622099937
eISBN:
9789882206809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622099937.003.0010
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter examines Portuguese small arms or guns that were used for military defense in Macau. It describes early Portuguese firearms and traces and evolution of handheld firearms. It suggests ... More


The guns that ‘won the Western’: firearm iconography in Western literature and film

Justin A. Joyce

in Gunslinging justice: The American culture of gun violence in Westerns and the law

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526126160
eISBN:
9781526138743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526126160.003.0005
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter traces the changing iconography of guns within an array of literary texts from the nineteenth century and cinematic texts of the twentieth century. This chapter outlines the shifting ... More


Security Interests in the Criminal Law

Peter Ramsay

in The Insecurity State: Vulnerable Autonomy and the Right to Security in the Criminal Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199581061
eISBN:
9780191741005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581061.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter reviews the protection of subjective security interests in the criminal law of an earlier period before the Anti-Social Behaviour Order. It considers vagrancy, nuisance, the bind over, ... More


Human Rights and Personal Self-Defense in International Law

Jan Arno Hessbruegge

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780190655020
eISBN:
9780190655051
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190655020.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

Although overshadowed by the right to interstate self-defense, the right to personal self-defense also forms part of international law. It is a general principle of law recognized by nations, because ... More


The Behavioral Science of Firearms: Implications for Mental Health, Law and Policy

Gianni Pirelli, Hayley Wechsler, and Robert J. Cramer

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780190630430
eISBN:
9780190630454
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190630430.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Forensic Psychology

The authors present the most relevant factors and considerations involved in the intersection between behavioral science and firearms. The intent is to provide a comprehensive review of these issues ... More


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