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Marks of Identity

Peter Brooks

in Enigmas of Identity

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151588
eISBN:
9781400839698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151588.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter begins by looking at a very literal form of marks of identity—fingerprints—then examines the obsession of modern societies with issues of identity. While the notion of identity is not ... More


Linking Band-Limited Cortical Activity to fMRI and Behavior

Markus Siegel and Tobias H. Donner

in Simultaneous EEG and fMRI: Recording, Analysis, and Application

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372731
eISBN:
9780199776283
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372731.003.0017
Subject:
Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter addresses the relationship of band-limited electrophysiological mass activity to behavior on the one hand, and to the BOLD fMRI signal on the other. Electrophysiological mass activity ... More


Expert Evidence and Criminal Justice

Mike Redmayne

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198267805
eISBN:
9780191714856
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198267805.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

As an increasing range of expert evidence becomes available to it, the criminal justice system must answer a series of challenging questions: should experts be permitted to give evidence on the ... More


BREEDING BIOLOGY AND REPRODUCTIVE STRATEGY

Ted R. Anderson

in Biology of the Ubiquitous House Sparrow: From Genes to Populations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195304114
eISBN:
9780199790012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304114.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology

This chapter summarizes the reproductive strategy of the House Sparrow. Although monogamy is the primary mating system of the species, significant rates of extra-pair fertilizations have been ... More


Tandem repeats

Julian C. Knight

in Human Genetic Diversity: Functional Consequences for Health and Disease

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199227693
eISBN:
9780191711015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227693.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology

The discovery and characterisation of tandem repeat DNA has been of fundamental importance in the analysis of human genetic variation. The nature and origins of satellite, minisatellite, and ... More


When is a Time‐Series I(0)? *

James Davidson

in The Methodology and Practice of Econometrics: A Festschrift in Honour of David F. Hendry

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199237197
eISBN:
9780191717314
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237197.003.0013
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter surveys the extensive recent literature on the problems of deciding what is meant by an I(0) process, and then deciding how to test for the property. A formidable difficulty exists in ... More


The anatomy of the brain

Richard Passingham

in What is special about the human brain?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199230136
eISBN:
9780191696428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230136.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In general, an animal's brain size is in direct proportion to its body size, hence humans have bigger brains than other primates. The issue, however, is not the relativity of the brain sizes but how ... More


Identification and Elimination

Stefan Petrow

in Policing Morals: The Metropolitan Police and the Home Office 1870–1914

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201656
eISBN:
9780191674976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201656.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Close supervision provided the authorities, particularly the police department, the chance to check on the activities of criminals. Accumulating information on past convictions of criminals and ... More


Summing Up

Peter Coles

in From Cosmos to Chaos: The Science of Unpredictability

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198567622
eISBN:
9780191718250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567622.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

After discussing such esoteric subjects as chaos theory, quantum mechanics, and the anthropic principle, this final chapter focuses on some broader aspects of the role of probability in everyday ... More


It’s the Way You Walk:: Kinematic Specification of Vulnerability to Attack

Lucy Johnston

in People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393705
eISBN:
9780199979271
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393705.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter considers whether human gait conveys information to observers about one’s vulnerability to attack. Specifically, it describes a program of research in which the “kinematic fingerprint” ... More


Assassin or Look-Alike

Joe Nickell

in Real or Fake: Studies in Authentication

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125343
eISBN:
9780813135229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125343.003.0011
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter investigates if the photographs and videotapes of the assassin of President John F. Kennedy really depict ex-marine Lee Harvey Oswald. The first scientific attempt to identify felons ... More


Other Gun Control Strategies

James B. Jacobs

in Can Gun Control Work?

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195176582
eISBN:
9780199850020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176582.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter focuses on a range of other gun control proposals, including mandatory trigger locks, safe storage laws, one-gun-per-month limitation on individual gun purchases, ammunition controls, ... More


Conclusion

Angelica Goodden

in Rousseau's Hand: The Crafting of a Writer

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199683833
eISBN:
9780191766190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683833.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature, European Literature

Rousseau's signatures, the craftsman's fingerprint and the writer's eloquence, are discussed in terms of his lifetime's devotion to praxis and doxa respectively, the convergence of hand and voice ... More


Fingerprinting and Probability

in Truth Machine: The Contentious History of DNA Fingerprinting

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226498065
eISBN:
9780226498089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226498089.003.0013
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter investigates why latent fingerprint comparisons have thus far proved intractable to probabilistic analysis. It explains that forensic DNA researchers did not claim that DNA fingerprints ... More


Estimating demographic parameters

Ken H. Pollock, James D. Nichols, and K. Ullas Karanth

in Carnivore Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199558520
eISBN:
9780191774546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558520.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology, Ecology

The challenges of estimating demographic parameters of carnivores include low population densities, large home-ranges, extensive seasonal movements, and long dispersal distances. Intensive sampling ... More


South Atlantic Crossings: Fingerprints, Science, and the State in Turn-of-the-Twentieth-Century Argentina

Julia Rodriguez

in Beyond Imported Magic: Essays on Science, Technology, and Society in Latin America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027458
eISBN:
9780262325509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027458.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Rodriguez details the historical development of the science of fingerprinting. The system for forensically filing and categorizing fingerprints to allow their easy retrieval for use in criminal cases ... More


Mayenne-Sciences, Mayenne, France

Andrew J. Lawson

in Painted Caves: Palaeolithic Rock Art in Western Europe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199698226
eISBN:
9780191804908
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199698226.003.0018
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter describes the cave of Mayenne-Sciences and its artwork. Nearly sixty individual motifs have been isolated. As well as various red handprints and fingerprints and other simple signs, ... More


Network Perspective on Brain Function

Luiz Pessoa

in The Cognitive-Emotional Brain: From Interactions to Integration

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019569
eISBN:
9780262314756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019569.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter describes a general framework for understanding brain function, one that addresses the relationship between brain and behavior. To do so, it first characterizes the mapping between ... More


Historical Antecedents

in Knowledge as Power: Criminal Registration and Community Notification Laws in America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804757102
eISBN:
9780804771399
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804757102.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter traces the major developments that laid the foundation for contemporary registration and community notification laws, providing the necessary background for an understanding of the ... More


Discovering Nature, Apparently: Analogy, DNA Imaging, and the Latent Figure Protocol

Paul Vanouse

in Tactical Biopolitics: Art, Activism, and Technoscience

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262042499
eISBN:
9780262271127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262042499.003.0011
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter discusses the processes through which DNA images are produced, their relationship to previous identification technologies, their implications in the social milieu, and an experimental ... More


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