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Arguments from Order to Design

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

According to Swinburne’s Bayesian argument from temporal order, the fact that our universe is ordered by relatively simple laws of nature is more probable if God exists than if he does not. If God ... More


God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Herman Philipse

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book is a critical examination of the philosophical strategies for defending religious belief. The main strategies may be presented as conforming to the end nodes of a decision tree for a ... More


Fine-Tuning Fine-Tuning

Yoaav Isaacs

John Hawthorne (ed.)

in Knowledge, Belief, and God: New Insights in Religious Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198798705
eISBN:
9780191848469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198798705.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter argues that the fine-tuning argument for the existence of God is a straightforwardly legitimate argument. The fine-tuning argument takes certain features of fundamental physics to ... More


The Immunization of Theism

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Natural theologians who aim at confirming the theistic hypothesis by adducing empirical evidence are confronted by the dilemma of God-of-the-gaps. Either theism predicts no specific phenomena at all, ... More


A Theological Critique of the Fine-Tuning Argument

Hans Halvorson

in Knowledge, Belief, and God: New Insights in Religious Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198798705
eISBN:
9780191848469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198798705.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The fine-tuning argument attempts to use data from contemporary physics as evidence for God’s existence. In particular, contemporary physics suggests that—in absence of any divine intervention—there ... More


Swinburne’s Aesthetic Appeal

Hud Hudson

in Reason and Faith: Themes from Richard Swinburne

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780198732648
eISBN:
9780191796869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732648.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

In his book The Existence of God, Richard Swinburne investigates an increasingly popular argument for theism that is grounded in the observation that the universe appears to be especially fine-tuned ... More


Infinite Cardinalities, Measuring Knowledge, and Probabilities in Fine-Tuning Arguments

Isaac Choi

in Knowledge, Belief, and God: New Insights in Religious Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198798705
eISBN:
9780191848469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198798705.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter deals with two different problems in which infinity plays a central role. It first responds to a claim that infinity renders counting knowledge-level beliefs an infeasible approach to ... More


Psychic Phenomena and the Existence of God

Jeremy Fantl

in The Limitations of the Open Mind

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198807957
eISBN:
9780191845741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198807957.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Political Philosophy

This chapter applies the conclusions of the previous chapters to two cases of controversial belief: atheistic belief and the denial of psychic phenomena (psi). In both cases, in line with so-called ... More


The Predictive Power of Theism

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Theism can be a theory or existential hypothesis to be confirmed by empirical evidence only if it has some predictive power. Theists should (and do) prefer a purely logical definition of predictive ... More


Explanation, Idealism, and Design

Daniel Greco

in Idealism: New Essays in Metaphysics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198746973
eISBN:
9780191863622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198746973.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The aim of this chapter is twofold. First, it shows how versions of physicalism, dualism, and idealism can be formulated as theses about grounding, or metaphysical explanation, rather than as more ... More


Modal Panentheism

Yujin Nagasawa

in Alternative Concepts of God: Essays on the Metaphysics of the Divine

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198722250
eISBN:
9780191789090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198722250.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Modal panentheism consists primarily of the following two theses: (1) God is the totality of all possible worlds. (2) All possible worlds exist to the same extent that the actual world does. The aim ... More


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