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Probability in the Philosophy of Religion

Jake Chandler and Victoria S. Harrison (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199604760
eISBN:
9780191741548
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604760.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

At a time in which probability theory is exerting an unprecedented influence on epistemology and philosophy of science, promising to deliver an exact and unified foundation for the philosophy of ... More


Teleological Arguments

Richard Swinburne

in The Existence of God

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199271672
eISBN:
9780191709357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199271672.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

One form of the teleological argument (or argument from design) claims that since it is moderately probable that God will make humans, it is moderately probable that he will make a universe subject ... More


Arguments from Order to Design

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

According to Swinburne’s Bayesian argument from temporal order, the fact that our universe is ordered by relatively simple laws of nature is more probable if God exists than if he does not. If God ... More


The Existence of the Primordial God

Peter Forrest

in Developmental Theism: From Pure Will to Unbounded Love

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199214587
eISBN:
9780191706523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214587.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter presents a case for the existence of the neoclassical Primordial God. First, we should either reject reductive materialism or at least not have confidence in it. Hence, we should attach ... More


The Metaphysics of Hyperspace

Hud Hudson

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199282579
eISBN:
9780191712463
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282579.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This collection of chapters on metaphysics and philosophy of religion is organized around the theme of hyperspace. The book contains critical discussions and evaluations of some non-theistic reasons ... More


Beneficial Order and Teleological Arguments for God

C. Stephen Evans

in Natural Signs and Knowledge of God: A New Look at Theistic Arguments

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199217168
eISBN:
9780191712401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217168.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter argues that the theistic natural sign of “beneficial order” lies at the foundation of many of the teleological arguments for God's existence. This sign provides more content about God ... More


Bayes, God, and the Multiverse

Richard Swinburne

in Probability in the Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199604760
eISBN:
9780191741548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604760.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter begins by summarizing how the structure of an argument from the fine-tuning of a single universe to the existence of God can be expressed in terms of Bayes’ theorem. There could however ... More


Concerning Some Philosophical Reasons to Believe in Hyperspace

Hud Hudson

in The Metaphysics of Hyperspace

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199282579
eISBN:
9780191712463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282579.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter contains an extended discussion of two different philosophical (as opposed to physics-based) reasons to believe in the hypothesis of hyperspace. The first examines the phenomenon of ... More


Why there is Something rather than Nothing

Bede Rundle

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199270507
eISBN:
9780191601392
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270503.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

If, as the theist maintains, God is a being who exists of necessity, his existence explains why there is something rather than nothing. However, a less demanding explanation is also possible: not ... More


Can Evidence for Design be Explained Away?

David H Glass

in Probability in the Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199604760
eISBN:
9780191741548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604760.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In cases where two hypotheses could account for a piece of evidence, learning that one of them is true often lowers the probability of the other via ‘explaining away’. Nevertheless, the truth of one ... More


The law‐governed world‐picture

John T. Roberts

in The Law-Governed Universe

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199557707
eISBN:
9780191721052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557707.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The idea that science has discovered that our universe is governed by laws of nature is arguably an important part of the modern scientific world‐view. The distinction between laws and other truths ... More


How to Do Things with Fictions

Joshua Landy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195188561
eISBN:
9780199949458
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188561.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This book offers a new rationale for the place of literary reading in the well-lived life. While it is often assumed that fictions must be informative or morally improving in order to be of any real ... More


Fine-Tuning Fine-Tuning

Yoaav Isaacs

John Hawthorne (ed.)

in Knowledge, Belief, and God: New Insights in Religious Epistemology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780198798705
eISBN:
9780191848469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198798705.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter argues that the fine-tuning argument for the existence of God is a straightforwardly legitimate argument. The fine-tuning argument takes certain features of fundamental physics to ... More


God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Herman Philipse

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book is a critical examination of the philosophical strategies for defending religious belief. The main strategies may be presented as conforming to the end nodes of a decision tree for a ... More


The Immunization of Theism

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Natural theologians who aim at confirming the theistic hypothesis by adducing empirical evidence are confronted by the dilemma of God-of-the-gaps. Either theism predicts no specific phenomena at all, ... More


The Argument from Physical Constants: The Fine-Tuning for Discoverability

Robin Collins

in Two Dozen (or so) Arguments for God: The Plantinga Project

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780190842215
eISBN:
9780190874445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190842215.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter will explicate a new teleological argument for theism, one based on the intelligibility of the universe and the science-friendly character of the laws of nature. Specifically, it begins ... More


Dealing with Naturalness

Gian Francesco Giudice

in A Zeptospace Odyssey: A Journey into the Physics of the LHC

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199581917
eISBN:
9780191723001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581917.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The naturalness problem is regarded by most physicists as one of the primary motivations for expecting new particles or new phenomena in zeptospace. This conceptual problem arises from the existence ... More


God and Explanation

Bede Rundle

in Why there is Something rather than Nothing

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199270507
eISBN:
9780191601392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270503.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Difficulties in invoking God in any explanatory role are pursued in connection with the possibility of miracles and the argument from design. The anthropic principle and the significance of ‘fine ... More


The Argument from Consciousness Revisited

Kevin Kimble and Timothy O'Connor

in Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion Volume 3

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199603213
eISBN:
9780191725388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199603213.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The argument from consciousness maintains that correlations between brain states and conscious states of persons require explanation but cannot be given an adequate scientific explanation. The ... More


Idealism and Fine-Tuning

Jacob Ross

in Idealism: New Essays in Metaphysics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198746973
eISBN:
9780191863622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198746973.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues that, given certain background assumptions, a kind of idealism follows from a version of the fine-tuning thesis. The kind of idealism in question ascribes explanatory priority, ... More


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