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The Independence of the European Central Bank and Its New Banking Supervisory Competences

Chiara Zilioli

in Independence and Legitimacy in the Institutional System of the European Union

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780198769798
eISBN:
9780191822629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198769798.003.0005
Subject:
Law, EU Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter explores, first, why the TFEU assigned monetary policy tasks to an independent institution, the ECB, and examines the features of its accountability, complement and counter-weight to ... More


The Economic Role of the Ulama in Qajar Persia

Willem Floor

in The Most Learned of the Shiʿa: The Institution of the Marjaʿ Taqlid

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195137996
eISBN:
9780199849055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137996.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter focuses on the role of the religious class, in particular of its leading proponents, the ulama, in the economy of 19th-century Persia. It begins by describing the context in which the ... More


Family Fortunes

FRANCES HARRIS

in A Passion for Government: The Life of Sarah, Duchess of Marlborough

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198202240
eISBN:
9780191675232
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198202240.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

Initially, the Queen's family could be considered one of those that were relatively well-off since they owned several estates in Somerset, Hertfordshire, and Kent. This changed, however, as the land ... More


Subjective Age Identity and the Transition to Adulthood: When Do Adolescents Become Adults?

Michael J. Shanahan, Erik J. Porfeli, Jeylan T. Mortimer, and Lance D. Erickson

in On the Frontier of Adulthood: Theory, Research, and Public Policy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748894
eISBN:
9780226748924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748924.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Education

For many decades, scholars held that five transition markers delineated entry into adulthood: completing school, leaving home, beginning one's career, marrying, and becoming a parent. Based on these ... More


ESCB/Eurosystem/National Central Banks

Julian Langner

in The EU Law of Economic and Monetary Union

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780198793748
eISBN:
9780191927867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198793748.003.0019
Subject:
Law, EU Law

The European System of Central Banks (ESCB) and the Eurosystem respectively is quite a unique legal structure which is historically unprecedented. As part of the European Union (EU), it is ... More


Reviving Local Authority Housing Delivery: Challenging Austerity Through Municipal Entrepreneurialism

Janice Morphet and Ben Clifford

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781447355748
eISBN:
9781447355779
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447355748.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book provides crucial insight into the fight back against austerity by local authorities through emerging forms of municipal entrepreneurialism in housing delivery. Capturing this moment within ... More


Nonprofit Research Institutes: From Companies Without Products to Universities Without Students

James A. Evans

in Politics and Partnerships: The Role of Voluntary Associations in America's Political Past and Present

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226109961
eISBN:
9780226109985
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226109985.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter traces the twentieth-century history of nonprofit research institutes (NRIs) and documents their shift from developing technology in the 1940s to performing basic science at the turn of ... More


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