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The Translation of Films, 1900-1950

Carol O'Sullivan and Jean-François Cornu (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780197266434
eISBN:
9780191884191
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266434.001.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This rich collection of essays by film historians, translation scholars, archivists, and curators presents film translation history as an exciting and timely area of research. It builds on the last ... More


Introduction Film history meets translation history: The lure of the archive

Jean-François Cornu

Carol O’ (ed.)

in The Translation of Films, 1900-1950

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780197266434
eISBN:
9780191884191
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266434.003.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This introductory chapter highlights how film translation history is a new discipline, a coming together of film history and translation history. It provides a definition of film translation as ... More


‘A splendid innovation, these English titles!’ The invention of subtitling in the USA and the UK

Carol O’ (ed.)

in The Translation of Films, 1900-1950

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780197266434
eISBN:
9780191884191
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266434.003.0015
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter offers the first account of the beginning of subtitling in the United Kingdom and in the United States. The release of foreign-language films with superimposed English titles began in ... More


Early titling on films and Pathé’s innovative and multilingual strategies in 1903

Claire Dupré La Tour

in The Translation of Films, 1900-1950

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780197266434
eISBN:
9780191884191
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266434.003.0003
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

The shift from titles on lantern slides to the practice of titling on the film itself dates to the turn of the 20th century. Early examples of preserved filmed titles are rare, but occasional ... More


A Song in the Dark: The Birth of the Musical Film

Richard Barrios

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195377347
eISBN:
9780199864577
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377347.001.0001
Subject:
Music, Popular

This book chronicles the birth and early years of an art form — the musical film. When sound came to film in the 1920s, musicals led the way as the testing ground upon which sound film proved itself ... More


The Past Is a Moving Picture: Preserving the Twentieth Century on Film

Janna Jones

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780813041926
eISBN:
9780813043906
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813041926.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The Past Is a Moving Picture is a cultural analysis of how and why people have rescued, protected, and restored old film and how their efforts have created a massive memory bank of life in the ... More


Dubbing in the early 1930s: An improbable policy

Charles O’brien

in The Translation of Films, 1900-1950

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780197266434
eISBN:
9780191884191
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266434.003.0010
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter uses the case of dubbing practices in the early 1930s to consider the possibility that the impact of screen translation techniques on film aesthetics is more significant than has been ... More


The reception of dubbing in France 1931–3: The case of Paramount

Martin Barnier

in The Translation of Films, 1900-1950

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780197266434
eISBN:
9780191884191
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266434.003.0012
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

The international film trade changed dramatically with the generalisation of sound films. It became more difficult for Hollywood to export English-speaking films than during the silent era. One ... More


Film Histories: An Introduction and Reader

Paul Grainge, Mark Jancovich, and Sharon Monteith (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748619061
eISBN:
9780748670888
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748619061.001.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

A wide-ranging introduction to film history, this book covers the history of film from 1895 to the present day. The book is arranged chronologically, and each chapter contains an introduction by the ... More


‘Don’t mention the war’: The Soviet re-editing of Three Live Ghosts

Charles Barr

in The Translation of Films, 1900-1950

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780197266434
eISBN:
9780191884191
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266434.003.0005
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Silent films were commonly adapted for foreign markets not simply by translation of intertitles but, when desired, by more radical change, both to the titles and to the whole structure and thrust of ... More


Confessions of a film restorer

Thomas C. Christensen

in The Translation of Films, 1900-1950

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780197266434
eISBN:
9780191884191
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197266434.003.0006
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

When restoring a film, the aim is naturally always to provide the definitive version. However, many factors make this an impossible mission. This chapter draws on actual film archival practice and ... More


The Politics of Polarisation: Affluence, Anxiety and the Cold War

Paul Grainge, Mark Jancovich, and Sharon Monteith

in Film Histories: An Introduction and Reader

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748619061
eISBN:
9780748670888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748619061.003.0014
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter discusses films in the 1950s — a decade of contradictions in society as well as cinema, a decade in which ideals such as a middle-class lifestyle, the model home, and marriage and ... More


Panorams, Motels, and Pirates: The Origins of Adult Video

Peter Alilunas

in Smutty Little Movies: The Creation and Regulation of Adult Video

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780520291706
eISBN:
9780520965362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520291706.003.0003
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Chapter one examines the early history of adult video from a variety of technological, cultural, and industrial perspectives beginning with the Panoram, a device invented in the 1940s and completely ... More


Nationalism, Trade and Market Domination

Paul Grainge, Mark Jancovich, and Sharon Monteith

in Film Histories: An Introduction and Reader

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748619061
eISBN:
9780748670888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748619061.003.0003
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter discusses the international scope and status of early cinema, and the particular significance of European production companies. While Europe dominated world film markets in the first ... More


Reconstructing American Historical Cinema: From Cimarron to Citizen Kane

J.E. Smyth

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813124063
eISBN:
9780813134765
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813124063.001.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This book departs from the traditional understanding of the relationship between film and history. By looking at production records, scripts, and contemporary reviews, the book argues that certain ... More


Film Restoration: A New Way of Seeing Film History

Janna Jones

in The Past Is a Moving Picture: Preserving the Twentieth Century on Film

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780813041926
eISBN:
9780813043906
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813041926.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter is an investigation of what film restorationists do and how they think and talk about their work. Current restoration discourse and practices literally assemble and help to shape cinema ... More


Establishing Classical Norms

Paul Grainge, Mark Jancovich, and Sharon Monteith

in Film Histories: An Introduction and Reader

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748619061
eISBN:
9780748670888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748619061.003.0004
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter shows that classical norms were not fixed rules or structures, but set particular boundaries within which innovation could take place. In essence, classical film style rejected formal ... More


Framing Taiwan Cinema:: Perspectives on History in Hou Hsiao-hsien’s Three Times

James Wicks

in Transnational Representations: The State of Taiwan Film in the 1960s and 70s

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9789888208500
eISBN:
9789888313204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888208500.003.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

The first chapter of this book, “Framing Taiwan Cinema: Perspectives on History in Hou Hsiao-hsien’s Three Times”, which is intended to be read alongside a screening of Hou Hsiao-hsien’s 2005 film ... More


Allen Smithee, the Anti-auteur: Matters of Property and Matters of Propriety

Marco Deseriis

in Improper Names: Collective Pseudonyms from the Luddites to Anonymous

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780816694860
eISBN:
9781452952413
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816694860.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter focuses on Alan Smithee, a pseudonym introduced by the Directors Guild of America to allow film directors to work outside of their reputation. The chapter shows how the accumulation of ... More


Competing with Hollywood: National Film Industries Outside Hollywood

Paul Grainge, Mark Jancovich, and Sharon Monteith

in Film Histories: An Introduction and Reader

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748619061
eISBN:
9780748670888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748619061.003.0006
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter discusses the competitors of the American film industry. The German film industry competed most successfully with America in that its domestic productions outweighed foreign imports in ... More


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