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Peter Damian: Gregory VII: Theophylact of Ochrid

Henry Chadwick

in East and West: The Making of a Rift in the Church: From Apostolic Times until the Council of Florence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199264575
eISBN:
9780191698958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264575.003.0034
Subject:
Religion, Church History, Early Christian Studies

This chapter discusses Peter Damian and his views on the Filioque, Pope Gregory VII and Theophylact of Ochrid. Gregory VII was a pugnacious pope, resorting to the arm of authority in his ... More


The Filioque: History of a Doctrinal Controversy

Edward Siecienski

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195372045
eISBN:
9780199777297
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372045.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Among the issues that have divided Eastern and Western Christians throughout the centuries, few have had as long and interesting a history as the question of the filioque—i.e., whether the Holy ... More


The Holy Spirit and the Inner‐Life of the Trinity

Luigi Gioia

in The Theological Epistemology of Augustine's De Trinitate

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199553464
eISBN:
9780191720796
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553464.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Early Christian Studies

The analysis of the doctrine of the Holy Spirit establishes its Christological and soteriological grounds first and compares them with the sections of the treatise where his inner‐Trinitarian origin, ... More


Spirit of God, Spirit of Christ: The Trinitarian Foundations of Congar's Pneumatology

Elizabeth Teresa Groppe

in Yves Congar's Theology of the Holy Spirit

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195166422
eISBN:
9780199835638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195166426.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter presents the trinitarian theology that serves as the overarching framework for Congar’s theology of the Holy Spirit. Congar’s approach is notable for his emphasis on the inseparability ... More


Canonical Division Between East and West

William J. Abraham

in Canon and Criterion in Christian Theology: From the Fathers to Feminism

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199250035
eISBN:
9780191600388
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250030.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The long, drawn‐out‐division between Eastern and Western Christianity, the Great Schism, arose, in part, because of the addition of the filioque clause to the Nicene Creed. In and around this, the ... More


The Pentarchy: Theory and Reality in the Ninth Century

Judith Herrin

in Margins and Metropolis: Authority across the Byzantine Empire

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153018
eISBN:
9781400845224
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153018.003.0012
Subject:
History, World Medieval History

This chapter examines the fate of both the theory and reality of pentarchy from the 640s until the 880s, a period that links the Arab conquests of the Near East with the Eighth Ecumenical Council. ... More


Prolegomena: The Fourth Lateran Council and its Tradition

Isabel Iribarren

in Durandus of St Pourcain: A Dominican Theologian in the Shadow of Aquinas

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199282319
eISBN:
9780191603426
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199282315.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter introduces the doctrinal background to the controversy between Durandus of St Pourcain and his order, mainly those authors who ... More


The First Thousand Years

Gerald O'Collins SJ and Mario Farrugia SJ

in Catholicism: The Story of Catholic Christianity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199259946
eISBN:
9780191602122
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259941.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter first examines the Church’s spread in the post-Pentecost situation, its early leadership, the persecutions, and the enduring contributions of Justin, Irenaeus, Tertullian, Origen, and ... More


Augustine: Filioque?

Henry Chadwick

in East and West: The Making of a Rift in the Church: From Apostolic Times until the Council of Florence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199264575
eISBN:
9780191698958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264575.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Church History, Early Christian Studies

This chapter discusses Augustine's role against Arianism. In his work On the Trinity, he was concerned to refute snide pagan critics who thought it absurd nonsense to speak of One being also Three. ... More


Icons

Henry Chadwick

in East and West: The Making of a Rift in the Church: From Apostolic Times until the Council of Florence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199264575
eISBN:
9780191698958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264575.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Church History, Early Christian Studies

This chapter discusses the veneration of icons and iconoclasm. Asia Minor, Egypt, Syria and Palestine bore the brunt of Arab attacks in the seventh century. Confrontations over icons is also ... More


The Case against the Latins: Photius’ Mystagogia

Henry Chadwick

in East and West: The Making of a Rift in the Church: From Apostolic Times until the Council of Florence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199264575
eISBN:
9780191698958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264575.003.0025
Subject:
Religion, Church History, Early Christian Studies

This chapter discusses Photius' Mystagogia, his theological conviction that the western understanding of the Trinity — that is, that there is but one God who is known under three aspects denominated ... More


Photius’ Break with Nicolas: Nicolas Invokes Hincmar’s Help: Basil the Macedonian: Photius Deposed

Henry Chadwick

in East and West: The Making of a Rift in the Church: From Apostolic Times until the Council of Florence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199264575
eISBN:
9780191698958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264575.003.0026
Subject:
Religion, Church History, Early Christian Studies

This chapter discusses Photius' conflict with Nicolas. Encouraged by letters reporting opposition to Pope Nicolas, he decided to summon to a synod, and sent out an encyclical addressed to the eastern ... More


Greek Critics of Photius: Photius Honours Ignatius’ Memory

Henry Chadwick

in East and West: The Making of a Rift in the Church: From Apostolic Times until the Council of Florence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199264575
eISBN:
9780191698958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264575.003.0030
Subject:
Religion, Church History, Early Christian Studies

This chapter discusses Greek criticisms on Photius and his Mystagogia. The accusations of the Mystagogia or of his letter to Aquileia that the West committing the sin against the Holy Spirit and so ... More


Anselm of Havelberg

Henry Chadwick

in East and West: The Making of a Rift in the Church: From Apostolic Times until the Council of Florence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199264575
eISBN:
9780191698958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264575.003.0036
Subject:
Religion, Church History, Early Christian Studies

This chapter discusses Anselm of Havelberg and his role in East-West relations. Like Maximus the Confessor, he was aware that misunderstandings between Greek East and Latin West often originated in ... More


East–West Debates at Nicaea and Nymphaion

Henry Chadwick

in East and West: The Making of a Rift in the Church: From Apostolic Times until the Council of Florence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199264575
eISBN:
9780191698958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264575.003.0038
Subject:
Religion, Church History, Early Christian Studies

This chapter discusses disputes of Greeks and Latins about Cyril's insistence on no addition to the Nicene creed, Filioque, the unleavened bread and celebration of the Eucharist, and azyma. The ... More


Michael Palaeologus’ Renewed Quest for Unity: Pope Gregory X: Council of Lyon: Bekkos

Henry Chadwick

in East and West: The Making of a Rift in the Church: From Apostolic Times until the Council of Florence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199264575
eISBN:
9780191698958
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264575.003.0040
Subject:
Religion, Church History, Early Christian Studies

This chapter discusses Michael Paleologus and his recovery of Constantinople for the Greek empire. The Emperor Michael, squeezed between Arab and Latin threats, sought urgent negotiations for unity ... More


Nations and Nationalism in the Theology of Karl Barth

Carys Moseley

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199668922
eISBN:
9780191745317
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199668922.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Religion and Society

Defining and recognizing nationhood as distinct from the state is an important though underappreciated task in Karl Barth’s theology. It flows out of his deep concern for the capacity for nationalist ... More


God as Trinity: father, son, and holy spirit

Michael J. McClymond and Gerald R. McDermott

in The Theology of Jonathan Edwards

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199791606
eISBN:
9780199932290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791606.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The Trinity was central to Edwards's theology. More than most early modern Christian thinkers, Edwards delineated distinct roles for each of the three divine Persons. He departed from the Western ... More


Gregory Palamas and the Latin West

Marcus Plested

in Orthodox Readings of Aquinas

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199650651
eISBN:
9780191745225
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199650651.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Church History, Theology

This chapter deals with Gregory Palamas' reception of the Latin West. Taking his evident use of Augustine as a starting point, it argues for the existence of an Orthodox interpretation of procession ... More


Spirit

Dale B. Martin

in Biblical Truths: The Meaning of Scripture in the Twenty-first Century

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780300222838
eISBN:
9780300227918
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300222838.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

When the subject is the Christian view of the holy spirit, it is even more difficult to find an orthodox doctrine of the spirit if the Bible is read only through the method of modern historical ... More


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