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Borders and History

in Landscapes and Labscapes: Exploring the Lab-Field Border in Biology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226450094
eISBN:
9780226450117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226450117.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

The border between laboratory and field science is one of the most important in the cultural geography of modern science, cutting across a range of biological and physical sciences and demarcating ... More


Distilling Complexity: Atmospheric Indeterminacy and the Culture of Disciplined Improvisation

Phaedra Daipha

in Masters of Uncertainty: Weather Forecasters and the Quest for Ground Truth

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226298542
eISBN:
9780226298719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226298719.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

This chapter takes a systematic look at how NWS forecasters take stock of the weather and establishes that they have cultivated an omnivorous appetite for information, at times even enlisting ... More


Science and the Messy, Uncontrollable World of Nature

Carol E. Cleland and Sheralee Brindell

in Philosophy of Pseudoscience: Reconsidering the Demarcation Problem

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226051796
eISBN:
9780226051826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226051826.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that doubts about the scientific status of the field sciences often rest on mistaken preconceptions about the nature of the evaluative relation between empirical evidence and ... More


Gasping Lungs

Vanessa Heggie

in Higher and Colder: A History of Extreme Physiology and Exploration

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780226650883
eISBN:
9780226650913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226650913.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter looks at the history of altitude physiology from the mid nineteenth to the late twentieth century, using it as a case study for the conflict between laboratory models and so-called "real ... More


Science Outside the Laboratory: Measurement in Field Science and Economics

Marcel Boumans

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199388288
eISBN:
9780199388318
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199388288.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Measurement is the assignment of numbers to objects or events according to a rule. The rule should be such that the numbers provide reliable information about the objects or events. But the rules ... More


Frozen Fields

Vanessa Heggie

in Higher and Colder: A History of Extreme Physiology and Exploration

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780226650883
eISBN:
9780226650913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226650913.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter looks at the history of physiological work in Antarctica and other extreme environments, to show how small and exclusive communities of highly networked scientists and explorers formed ... More


Conclusions

Marcel Boumans

in Science Outside the Laboratory: Measurement in Field Science and Economics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199388288
eISBN:
9780199388318
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199388288.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The chapter provides a summary of the previous chapters’ conclusions, a survey of the whole book. Measurement is the assignment of numbers to objects or events according to a rule. The rule should be ... More


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