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Moral Fictionalism

Mark Eli Kalderon

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199275977
eISBN:
9780191706066
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275977.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Moral realists maintain that morality has a distinctive subject matter. Specifically, realists maintain that moral discourse is representational, that moral sentences express moral propositions — ... More


Nietzsche, Naturalism, and Normativity

Christopher Janaway and Simon Robertson (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199583676
eISBN:
9780191745294
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583676.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book comprises a collection of original chapters on Nietzsche's ethics. The chapters examine Nietzsche's naturalism, his critique of morality, and his entitlement to a normative-evaluative ideal ... More


How Far Can a Mādhyamika Buddhist Reform Conventional Truth? Dismal Relativism, Fictionalism, Easy-Easy Truth, and the Alternatives

Tom Tillemans

in Moonshadows: Conventional Truth in Buddhist Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199751426
eISBN:
9780199827190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751426.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Mādhyamikas of Candrakīrti’s school often say they accept as conventionally true all and only what the world accepts to be true. The rationale they invoke is that since all things are empty of ... More


Mathematics and Reality

Mary Leng

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199280797
eISBN:
9780191723452
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280797.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book offers a defence of mathematical fictionalism, according to which we have no reason to believe that there are any mathematical objects. Perhaps the most pressing challenge to mathematical ... More


Mathematical Fictionalism and Constructive Empiricism

Mary Leng

in Mathematics and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199280797
eISBN:
9780191723452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280797.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The fictionalist account of the role of mathematical hypotheses in our scientific theories presented in Chapter 7 suggests that we should not view our scientific theories as true, taken literally, ... More


Explaining the Success of Mathematics

Mary Leng

in Mathematics and Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199280797
eISBN:
9780191723452
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280797.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers how to choose between realism, mathematical fictionalism, and constructive empiricism as three different attitudes to our best scientific theories. It is argued that the choice ... More


A World without “Isms”

Paul Horwich

in Truth -- Meaning -- Reality

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199268900
eISBN:
9780191708459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268900.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

Humdrum material facts — e.g., that the cat is on the mat — are typically regarded as philosophically unproblematic. But with within certain domains, such as mathematics, morality, modal discourse, ... More


Second metaphysics

Penelope Maddy

in Second Philosophy: A Naturalistic Method

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199273669
eISBN:
9780191706264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273669.003.0027
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This final chapter touches on the large question of what Second Philosophy tells us about what there is. Some post-Quinean philosophers have argued for versions of fictionalism, or even felt driven ... More


Go Figure: A Path through Fictionalism

Stephen Yablo

in Things: Papers on Objects, Events, and Properties

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199266487
eISBN:
9780191594274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266487.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter distinguishes several grades of fictionalism about an area of discourse. Instrumentalists think we assert nothing with a sentence S of the relevant type. Meta-fictionalists have us ... More


Mathematics and Scientific Representation

Christopher Pincock

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199757107
eISBN:
9780199932313
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199757107.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Mathematics plays a central role in much of contemporary science, but philosophers have struggled to understand what this role is or how significant it might be for mathematics and science. In this ... More


Nominalism Reconsidered

Gideon Rosen and John P. Burgess

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195148770
eISBN:
9780199835560
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195148770.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Nominalism is the view that mathematical objects do not exist. This chapter delimits several types of nominalistic projects: revolutionary programs that attempt to change mathematics and hermeneutic ... More


On Keeping Blue Swans and Unknowable Facts at Bay: A Case Study on Fitch's Paradox

Berit Brogaard

in New Essays on the Knowability Paradox

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199285495
eISBN:
9780191713972
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199285495.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter develops a Fitch-like paradox for strong modal fictionalism. It argues that the most promising strategy to avoid paradox is to reject the claim that modal claims are to be analyzed in ... More


Antirealist Expressivism and Quasi-Realism

Simon Blackburn

David Copp (ed.)

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147797
eISBN:
9780199785841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147790.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Expressivism is the view that the function of normative sentences is not to represent a kind of fact, but to avow attitudes, prescribe behavior, or the like. The idea can be found in David Hume. In ... More


Anti-Modal Realism

Charles S. Chihara

in The Worlds of Possibility: Modal Realism and the Semantics of Modal Logic

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199246557
eISBN:
9780191697609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199246557.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Given the many problems and implausibilities that infect Modal Realism, some form of anti-realism may appear at this point to be irresistible. In his book, Graeme Forbes adopts an anti-realist view ... More


Varieties of Moral Irrealism

Mark Eli Kalderon

in Moral Fictionalism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199275977
eISBN:
9780191706066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275977.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter demonstrates that there are forms of noncognitivism that eschew nonfactualism. An important obstacle to standard noncognitivism has been its apparent commitment to an implausible ... More


What Is Said

Stephen Yablo

in Aboutness

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144955
eISBN:
9781400845989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144955.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter begins with the notions of piggybacking and pivoting, suggeting that metaphorical contents—contents obtainable by piggybacking on a game—cannot always be reconstrued as incremental ... More


Field's Fictionalism

Mark Colyvan

in The Indispensability of Mathematics

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195137545
eISBN:
9780199833139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019513754X.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Hartry Field has attacked the indispensability argument by arguing that mathematics is in fact dispensable to science. He does this by showing a way to dispense with quantification over mathematical ... More


Arguments Concerning Scientific Realism

Bas C. van Fraassen

in The Scientific Image

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198244271
eISBN:
9780191597473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198244274.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines and criticizes the main arguments offered for scientific realism, here identified as the following view: Science aims to give us, in its theories, a literally true story of what ... More


The Problem of Possibilia

Kit Fine

in Modality and Tense: Philosophical Papers

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199278701
eISBN:
9780191603105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278709.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

It is argued that actual objects are prior to possible objects, and that talk of possible objects may be understood as a way of talking of actual objects. An alternative approach to avoiding ... More


Must Ontological Pragmatism be Self-Defeating?

Guy Rohrbaugh

in Art and Abstract Objects

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199691494
eISBN:
9780191746277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691494.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The correct methodology for the ontology of art, it is now widely agreed, is fundamentally pragmatic and governed by reflection on our actual practices. But reflection on this convergence has led to ... More


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