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 Different Starting Points, Standpoints, End Points

Mary Briody Mahowald

in Bioethics and Women: Across the Lifespan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195176179
eISBN:
9780199786558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176170.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Terms crucial to bioethical debate are examined: these include life, death, human, person, moral status, and moral agency. The moral relevance of the gestational tie between a woman and her fetus as ... More


 Noncompliance during Pregnancy

Mary Briody Mahowald

in Bioethics and Women: Across the Lifespan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195176179
eISBN:
9780199786558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176170.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Cases illustrating variables relevant to pregnant women’s noncompliance with medical recommendations intended to benefit the fetus or potential child are presented. These involve refusal of ... More


 Decisions at Parturition and Birth

Mary Briody Mahowald

in Bioethics and Women: Across the Lifespan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195176179
eISBN:
9780199786558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176170.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Cases illustrating variables relevant to the decisions of pregnant women about methods of childbirth, elective cesarean delivery, impaired newborns, and sex assignment at birth are presented. For ... More


 Preventing Pregnancy and Birth

Mary Briody Mahowald

in Bioethics and Women: Across the Lifespan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195176179
eISBN:
9780199786558
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176170.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Cases illustrating variables relevant to women’s choices about contraception, sterilization, and abortion are presented. With regard to abortion, these include duration of gestation, condition of the ... More


Imagining the Fetus: The Unborn in Myth, Religion, and Culture

Jane Marie Law and Vanessa R. Sasson

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195380040
eISBN:
9780199869077
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380040.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, World Religions

In contemporary Western culture, the word “fetus” introduces either a political subject or a literal, medicalized entity. Neither of these frameworks gives sufficient credit to the vast array of ... More


Birthing a Mother: The Surrogate Body and the Pregnant Self

Elly Teman

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520259638
eISBN:
9780520945852
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520259638.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This ethnography probes the intimate experience of gestational surrogate motherhood. The book shows how surrogates and intended mothers carefully negotiate their cooperative endeavor. Drawing on ... More


“Famous” Fetuses in Rabbinic Narratives

Gwynn Kessler

in Imagining the Fetus: The Unborn in Myth, Religion, and Culture

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195380040
eISBN:
9780199869077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380040.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, World Religions

This chapter examines rabbinic narratives about fetuses recorded in compilations dating from the third through the tenth centuries CE. Instead of placing these traditions within the context of ... More


The Colossal Fetuses of La Venta and Mesoamerica’s Earliest Creation Story

Carolyn E. Tate

in Imagining the Fetus: The Unborn in Myth, Religion, and Culture

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195380040
eISBN:
9780199869077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380040.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, World Religions

Among the earliest monumental sculptures of the Americas were depictions of the human fetus. Along with representations of the human embryo, sculptures of the fetus were important subjects in the art ... More


Life Before Birth: The Moral and Legal Status of Embryos and Fetuses

Bonnie Steinbock

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195341621
eISBN:
9780199897131
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195341621.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This book provides a coherent framework for addressing bioethical issues in which the moral status of embryos and fetuses is relevant. It is based on the “interest view,” which ascribes moral ... More


A Womb with a View: The Buddha’s Final Fetal Experience

Vanessa R. Sasson

in Imagining the Fetus: The Unborn in Myth, Religion, and Culture

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195380040
eISBN:
9780199869077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380040.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, World Religions

The Buddha’s fetal life was as extraordinary as the rest of his hagiography. He sat ablaze with light in a jeweled palace inside his mother’s womb. He was bathed by deities. He delivered teachings to ... More


Induced Abortion and the Fetus as Patient: A Continuing Paradox

Robert Woods

in Death before Birth: Fetal Health and Mortality in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199542758
eISBN:
9780191715358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542758.003.0008
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter looks back from the perspective of the 21st century on the emergence of the fetus as a patient in its own right. It also considers issues surrounding the legalization of abortion, the ... More


Childbirth and the Law

John Seymour

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198264682
eISBN:
9780191682759
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198264682.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This book examines aspects of English, United States, Canadian, and Australian law as it applies to the fetus, the pregnant woman, and the doctor or midwife who provides antenatal and perinatal care. ... More


Terminating Early Life

Abdulaziz Sachedina

in Islamic Biomedical Ethics Principles and Application

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195378504
eISBN:
9780199869688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378504.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The chapter explores two issues related to terminating potential life: one is the temporary prevention of conception, and the other is the permanent control of fertility to avoid future pregnancies. ... More


Introduction

John Seymour

in Childbirth and the Law

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198264682
eISBN:
9780191682759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198264682.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This introductory chapter sets out the purpose of the book, which is to explore the law’s impact on pregnant women, their fetuses, and the doctors and midwives who care for them. This impact might be ... More


Critique of the Self-Nonself Theory

Thomas Pradeu and Elizabeth Vitanza

in The Limits of the Self: Immunology and Biological Identity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199775286
eISBN:
9780199932818
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199775286.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter offers a critique of the self-nonself theory. I first analyze data on autoreactivity and normal autoimmunity, in particular phagocytosis and regulatory cells, in order to reject the idea ... More


Was I Ever a Fetus?

Eric T. Olson

in The Human Animal: Personal Identity Without Psychology

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195134230
eISBN:
9780199833528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195134230.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The Psychological Approach implies that none of us was ever an early fetus, for none of us is in any way psychologically continuous with an early fetus. This raises several problems. There follows a ... More


Death

Jeff McMahan

in The Ethics of Killing: Problems at the Margins of Life

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195079982
eISBN:
9780199833443
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195079981.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Analyzes the badness of death for those who die. Argues that our intuitions about the comparative badness of different deaths are best justified if we abandon the idea that death should be evaluated ... More


From Reproductive Choice to Reproductive Barbie: The Politics of Visibility

Laurie Shrage

in Abortion and Social Responsibility: Depolarizing the Debate

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195153095
eISBN:
9780199870615
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515309X.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Evaluates “pro‐life” and “pro‐choice” media campaigns, featuring fetuses and coat hangers respectively, and shows how both reflect individualistic ideologies about responsibility and freedom. Rather ... More


Response to Commentaries

Jonathan D. Moreno

in The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199682676
eISBN:
9780191763168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199682676.003.0052
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Tomoko Sato’s suggestion is an heroic attempt to rescue the notion of species membership from the operations of modern biology by associating it with the idea of family membership. But the findings ... More


The Fetuses-at-Risk Approach: Causal and Noncausal Models

K.S. Joseph

in Reproductive and Perinatal Epidemiology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195387902
eISBN:
9780199895328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387902.003.0065
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses a new and controversial development in perinatal epidemiology. The chapter begins with an overview of some traditional concepts in perinatology, namely, the calculation of ... More


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