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Fetal growth and development: the role of nutrition and other factors

Diana Kuh and Yoav Ben-Shlomo

in A Life Course Approach to Chronic Disease Epidemiology

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198578154
eISBN:
9780191724039
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198578154.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter examines the sources of variation in fetal growth, in particular nutrition in the context of the fetal nutritional programming hypothesis. The influence of fetal and maternal genotype on ... More


Prenatal Behavior

Scott R. Robinson and Michele R. Brumley

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat: A Handbook with Tests

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195162851
eISBN:
9780199863891
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.003.0024
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Techniques

This chapter discusses fetal development in rats. Topics covered include the ecology of fetal development, movement and sensation during prenatal development, fetal action patterns, and ... More


* The developmental origins of well-being

David J.P. Barker

in The Science of Well-Being

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198567523
eISBN:
9780191693670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567523.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The first part of this chapter discusses the developmental origins hypothesis, and the ‘life history theory’ and its biological implications regarding diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, ... More


Games of Nature, the Emergence of Organic Form, and the Problem of Spontaneity

Justin E. H. Smith

in Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691141787
eISBN:
9781400838721
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691141787.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter looks at three distinct cases of natural generativity: (i) the influence of the maternal imagination in fetal development, (ii) spontaneous generation, and (iii) the origins of ... More


The Basics of Brain Development

Joan Stiles, Judy S. Reilly, Susan C. Levine, Doris A. Trauner, and Ruth Nass

in Neural Plasticity and Cognitive Development: Insights from Children with Perinatal Brain Injury

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195389944
eISBN:
9780190255718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195389944.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter considers some of the major events that contribute to the development of the human brain from its early embryonic state through adolescence. It begins by reviewing the fundamental ... More


Toxic Invasion

Philippe Grandjean

in Only One Chance: How Environmental Pollution Impairs Brain Development -- and How to Protect the Brains of the Next Generation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199985388
eISBN:
9780199346233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199985388.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Until recently, we thought that the placenta would protect the fetus against external hazards and that most birth defects were heritable. But a discovery made in Australia in 1940 showed that German ... More


Issues in Neuroethics

István Aranyosi

in The Peripheral Mind: Philosophy of Mind and the Peripheral Nervous System

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199989607
eISBN:
9780199346349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989607.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

After an introduction to the field of neuroethics and some critical remarks about the same brain-centrism in this nascent field as the one pointed out in the fields of philosophy and neuroscience, ... More


Sensitive Development

Philippe Grandjean

in Only One Chance: How Environmental Pollution Impairs Brain Development -- and How to Protect the Brains of the Next Generation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199985388
eISBN:
9780199346233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199985388.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Brain development consists of a series of complex and intricately coordinated stages that need to happen at specific times and in a particular sequence at specific locations. Damage during early ... More


Changing Conceptions of Human Nature

Jane Maienschein and Kate Maccord

in Frankenstein: Annotated for Scientists, Engineers, and Creators of All Kinds

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262533287
eISBN:
9780262340267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262533287.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

To understand Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein in modern terms, it is useful to go back several millennia to Aristotle’s ideas of what it takes to become fully and normally human.  Victor Frankenstein’s ... More


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