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Dry grasslands

Malcolm Ausden

in Habitat Management for Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198568728
eISBN:
9780191717529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568728.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter discusses grassland management. The common objectives of grassland management are to: provide the desired sward composition, the specific aim often being to maintain or increase plant ... More


Arable land

Malcolm Ausden

in Habitat Management for Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198568728
eISBN:
9780191717529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568728.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Arable (also known as rowcrop fields) is land that is cultivated regularly for production of food and, increasingly, bioenergy. The value of arable land to wildlife is heavily influenced by the ... More


From Crisis to Uncertainty: Calculating Athenian Grain Production

Alfonso Moreno

in Feeding the Democracy: The Athenian Grain Supply in the Fifth and Fourth Centuries BC

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228409
eISBN:
9780191711312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228409.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter attempts to calculate the grain production and carrying capacity of Attica by analyzing five key variables: land, use of the land, crop yields, population, and consumption. Previous ... More


Farming Practice and Techniques

M. E. Turner, J. V. Beckett, and B. Afton

in Farm Production in England 1700-1914

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198208044
eISBN:
9780191716577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208044.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter tests the traditional appreciation of farming in the past, based on crop rotations of two or three crops followed by a fallow year, against the evidence-based practice of 18th- and ... More


The Chinese State and Agriculture

Chris Bramall

in Sources of Chinese Economic Growth, 1978-1996

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296973
eISBN:
9780191596018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296975.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, South and East Asia

The literature on the sources of Chinese agricultural growth after 1978 has emphasized the role played in the process by the decollectivization of the early 1980s. However, as this chapter shows, ... More


Restructuring Worker Training, Preparatory Education, and Material Inputs for Urban Agriculture

Sinan Koont

in Sustainable Urban Agriculture in Cuba

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780813037578
eISBN:
9780813042114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813037578.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

Cuba faced challenges in provisioning urban agriculture with a workforce, extension services, and material inputs, the Cuban efforts to deal with which this chapter addresses. There exist extensive ... More


Convergence and the Fertilizer Industry, 1868–1884

Shepherd W. Mckinley

in Stinking Stones and Rocks of Gold: Phosphate, Fertilizer, and Industrialization in Postbellum South Carolina

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780813049243
eISBN:
9780813050065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049243.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Thischapter argues that land and river phosphate mining led to a dynamic local fertilizer manufacturing industrywhich had a profound impact on Charleston and Beaufort, South Carolina, southern ... More


Conclusions and Epilogue

Shepherd W. Mckinley

in Stinking Stones and Rocks of Gold: Phosphate, Fertilizer, and Industrialization in Postbellum South Carolina

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780813049243
eISBN:
9780813050065
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049243.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter summarizes the importance of the three industries. They preceded the cotton mills and set in motion two separate chains of reaction, one agricultural and the other industrial. Abundant ... More


Archaeology’s Potential to Contribute to Pools of Agronomic Knowledge: A Case of Applied Agro-Archaeology in the Bolivian Yungas

Christian Isendahl and Walter Sánchez

in Humans and the Environment: New Archaeological Perspectives for the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199590292
eISBN:
9780191917998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199590292.003.0017
Subject:
Archaeology, Environmental Archaeology

Over the last two decades the concept of applied archaeology has been used increasingly to refer to how archaeology can contribute more broadly to society ... More


Applied Archaeology in the Andes: The Contribution of Pre-Hispanic Agricultural Terracing to Environmental and Rural Development Strategies

Ann Kendall

in Humans and the Environment: New Archaeological Perspectives for the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199590292
eISBN:
9780191917998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199590292.003.0018
Subject:
Archaeology, Environmental Archaeology

Patterns of civilization in the Central Andes can be seen to have fluctuated over the last 5,000 years in relation to climate changes. Starting with the ... More


Agriculture and Soil Erosion

Carol P. Harden and Glenn G. Hyman

in The Physical Geography of South America

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195313413
eISBN:
9780197562475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195313413.003.0027
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Physical Geography and Topography

People have manipulated the natural environments of South America for agricultural purposes for several millennia. While agriculture is strongly affected ... More


Agricultural Input Subsidies: The Recent Malawi Experience

Ephraim Chirwa and Andrew Dorward

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199683529
eISBN:
9780191763069
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683529.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Agricultural input subsidies were a major feature of development policies in rural economies until the 1980s. Continuing rural poverty with low productivity and fertilizer use in smallholder staple ... More


The Global History of Organic Farming

Gregory A. Barton

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
March 2018
ISBN:
9780199642533
eISBN:
9780191851186
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199642533.001.0001
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Organic farming is a major global movement that is changing land use and consumer habits around the world. This book tells the untold story of how the organic farming movement nearly faltered after ... More


Conclusions

Ephraim Chirwa and Andrew Dorward

in Agricultural Input Subsidies: The Recent Malawi Experience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199683529
eISBN:
9780191763069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683529.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter pulls together the main themes and issues in the book. Following the book’s three part structure, it first summarizes changing subsidy theory and practice, with theoretical recognition ... More


Innovation in the Marble and Granite Industry: Upcycle of Marble and Granite Wastes

Rania Hamza and Salah El-Haggar

in Sustainability and Innovation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9789774166471
eISBN:
9781617976803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
American University in Cairo Press
DOI:
10.5743/cairo/9789774166471.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The dimension-stones industry is one of the oldest and largest industries worldwide. There are two main classes of rocks: calcareous and siliceous. The calcareous material, or marble, includes the ... More


Phosphorus, Food, and Our Future

Karl A. Wyant, Jessica R. Corman, and James J. Elser (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199916832
eISBN:
9780190267926
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199916832.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Phosphorus is essential to all life. A critical component of fertilizers, Phosphorus currently has no known substitute in agriculture. Without it, crops cannot grow. With too much of it, waterways ... More


Introduction

Ephraim Chirwa and Andrew Dorward

in Agricultural Input Subsidies: The Recent Malawi Experience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199683529
eISBN:
9780191763069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683529.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter sets out the objectives and contents of the book as a whole. Despite increased economic growth in many African countries, high rates of rural poverty continue, associated with low ... More


Recent African experience with input subsidies

Ephraim Chirwa and Andrew Dorward

in Agricultural Input Subsidies: The Recent Malawi Experience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199683529
eISBN:
9780191763069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683529.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Resurgent interest in agricultural input subsidies has led a number of countries in Africa to implement agricultural input subsidy programmes focusing particularly on fertilizers. This chapter ... More


FISP activities and achievements

Ephraim Chirwa and Andrew Dorward

in Agricultural Input Subsidies: The Recent Malawi Experience

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199683529
eISBN:
9780191763069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683529.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The implementation of the FISP as a national programme is complex, involving several activities and interaction and coordination of various stakeholders at different levels. Drawing on programme ... More


Unanswered questions and why they matter

Robert M. May

in Theoretical Ecology: Principles and Applications

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199209989
eISBN:
9780191917370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199209989.003.0018
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

The earlier chapters in this book could be thought of as travel notes from an intellectual journey across the landscape of ecological science. In particular, the ... More


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