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Below Replacement Fertility in Mainland China

Zhigang Guo and Wei Chen

in Transition and Challenge: China's Population at the Beginning of the 21st Century

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199299294
eISBN:
9780191715082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299294.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines the fertility decline in mainland China since the 1970s. Using data from a wide range of sources, including the 2000 census and through linking recorded children to their ... More


Birth Rates and Women's Bodies: Reproductive Labour

Hera Cook

in The Long Sexual Revolution: English Women, Sex, and Contraception 1800-1975

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199252183
eISBN:
9780191719240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252183.003.0002
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter introduces the concept of ‘reproductive labour’ to describe women's biological contribution to reproduction (omitted from the concept of domestic labour), and the impact of this upon the ... More


Future Fertility in Low Fertility Countries

Stuart Basten, Tomáš Sobotka, and Kryštof Zeman

in World Population and Human Capital in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780198703167
eISBN:
9780191772467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703167.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Chapter 3 is the first of six that present a comprehensive science-based assessment of what we know today about the drivers of future fertility, mortality, migration, and education. This chapter ... More


Sexual Pleasure, Contraception, and Fertility Decline

Hera Cook

in The Long Sexual Revolution: English Women, Sex, and Contraception 1800-1975

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199252183
eISBN:
9780191719240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252183.003.0013
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter argues that from the 1930s to the 1950s, it is probable that birth rates rose due to rising rates of coitus. Some aspects of the English experience are compared with American and ... More


Female Labor Force Participation and the Total Fertility Rate

Fred C. Pampel

in The Institutional Context of Population Change: Patterns of Fertility and Mortality across High-Income Nations

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226645254
eISBN:
9780226645278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226645278.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Population and Demography

This chapter examines how female labor force participation combines with sociopolitical context in determining the total fertility rate. It begins by describing the relationship between female labor ... More


Human demography, history, and disease

Robert L. Perlman

in Evolution and Medicine

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199661718
eISBN:
9780191774720
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661718.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Evolution is intimately connected with demography. Differences in the fitness of organisms of different genotypes are due to differences in their age-specific survival or fertility rates. This ... More


Contextual Variation in the Determinants of Fertility

Fred C. Pampel

in The Institutional Context of Population Change: Patterns of Fertility and Mortality across High-Income Nations

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226645254
eISBN:
9780226645278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226645278.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Population and Demography

This chapter further develops the theoretical arguments specifying divergence in the effects of cohort change and female work on fertility rates. Viewed as a facilitating or inhibiting influence, the ... More


Relative Cohort Size and the Total Fertility Rate

Fred C. Pampel

in The Institutional Context of Population Change: Patterns of Fertility and Mortality across High-Income Nations

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226645254
eISBN:
9780226645278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226645278.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Population and Demography

Having presented theoretical arguments concerning the interactive relationships among cohort size, collectivism, and fertility, this chapter tests these arguments using the total fertility rate. It ... More


Japan: Family Structure, Abortion, and Fertility since 1945

Jay Winter and Michael Teitelbaum

in The Global Spread of Fertility Decline: Population, Fear, and Uncertainty

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300139068
eISBN:
9780300195323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300139068.003.0006
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter shows that, despite Japan's fertility rates being close to those of China, the postwar history of fertility decline in these two countries was remarkably different. Japan industrialized ... More


Mabiki: Infanticide and Population Growth in Eastern Japan, 1660-1950

Fabian Drixler

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780520272439
eISBN:
9780520953611
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520272439.001.0001
Subject:
History, Asian History

This book tells the story of a society reversing deeply held worldviews and revolutionizing its demography. In parts of eighteenth-century Japan, couples raised only two or three children. As ... More


Epigraphy and Demography: Birth, Marriage, Family, and Death

Walter Scheidel

in Epigraphy and the Historical Sciences

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197265062
eISBN:
9780191754173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265062.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter uses evidence from all over the Graeco-Roman world. It shows that inscriptions are second only to papyri in providing the quantitative evidence without which the study of populations is ... More


The Global Spread of Fertility Decline: Population, Fear, and Uncertainty

Jay Winter and Michael Teitelbaum

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300139068
eISBN:
9780300195323
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300139068.001.0001
Subject:
History, Social History

The world's population has grown by five billion people over the past century, an astounding 300 percent increase. Yet it is actually the decline in family size and population growth that is the ... More


A Disaggregated Analysis of the Impact of War on Health

in War and the Health of Nations

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804758819
eISBN:
9780804773706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804758819.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter, which examines the war-and-health relationship from 1960 to 1999 using disaggregated measures of health achievement, investigates the effects of conflict on fertility rates, infant ... More


Cultural Integration in the United Kingdom

Andreas Georgiadis and Alan Manning

in Cultural Integration of Immigrants in Europe

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199660094
eISBN:
9780191748936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660094.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, International

This chapter compares a relatively wide range of outcomes for the main ethnic minorities in the UK with the outcomes for white natives. The chapter also compares the outcomes for the foreign and UK ... More


Making Modern Mothers: Ethics and Family Planning in Urban Greece

Heather Paxson

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520223714
eISBN:
9780520937130
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223714.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

In Greece, women speak of mothering as “within the nature” of a woman. But this durable association of motherhood with femininity exists in tension with the highest incidence of abortion and one of ... More


The Demographic Transition and Economic Growth in the Pacific Rim

Andrew Mason, Ronald Lee, and Sang-Hyop Lee

in The Economic Consequences of Demographic Change in East Asia

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226386850
eISBN:
9780226386881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226386881.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter provides an overview of the common patterns of demographic transition in the major countries of East Asia. The chapter shows dramatic change in support ratios between 2008 and 2050. The ... More


Introduction: ‘Shattered lives and blighted futures’

Lisa Arai

in Teenage pregnancy: The making and unmaking of a problem

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420749
eISBN:
9781447303688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420749.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This book aims to consider the depiction of teenage pregnancy as a social and public health problem and to explore ways in which policy makers, academics and the media have responded to teenage ... More


Fertility Transition and Its Socioeconomic Impacts in China

Xizhe Peng

in Fertility and Public Policy: How to Reverse the Trend of Declining Birth Rates

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014519
eISBN:
9780262295659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014519.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter explores the fertility levels in China and how government-sponsored family planning programs have affected total fertility rates. The government is seen as a big factor in Chinese ... More


Demographic Transition, Childless Families, and Economic Growth

Francis T. Lui

in The Economic Consequences of Demographic Change in East Asia

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226386850
eISBN:
9780226386881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226386881.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

The status of being married, having siblings, and living in a larger house all have positive impacts on the number of desired children. Further, schooling, age, experience of work, and commuting time ... More


The Political Economy of Japan's Low Fertility

Frances McCall Rosenbluth (ed.)

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804754866
eISBN:
9780804768207
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804754866.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This book takes an interdisciplinary approach to one of Japan's thorniest public policy issues: why are women increasingly forgoing motherhood? At the heart of the matter lies a paradox: although the ... More


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