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Below Replacement Fertility in Mainland China

Zhigang Guo and Wei Chen

in Transition and Challenge: China's Population at the Beginning of the 21st Century

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199299294
eISBN:
9780191715082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299294.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines the fertility decline in mainland China since the 1970s. Using data from a wide range of sources, including the 2000 census and through linking recorded children to their ... More


Fertility Transition in Hong Kong and Taiwan

Edward Jow-Ching Tu, Xin Yuan, and Xia Zhang

in Transition and Challenge: China's Population at the Beginning of the 21st Century

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199299294
eISBN:
9780191715082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299294.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter presents a detailed analysis of fertility transition in Hong Kong and Taiwan. While very different from the mainland and people living there are not subject to the strict government ... More


Transition and Challenge: China's Population at the Beginning of the 21st Century

Zhongwei Zhao and Fei Guo (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199299294
eISBN:
9780191715082
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299294.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This book examines the major demographic changes that have taken in China in recent decades and the major demographic challenges at the beginning of the 21st century. The extensive evidence presented ... More


Fertility Decline as a Coordination Problem

Hans‐Peter Kohler

in Fertility and Social Interaction: An Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244591
eISBN:
9780191596544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244596.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter is devoted to the role of social networks for the selection of equilibria in situations in which fertility decline constitutes a coordination problem. We show that the effect of networks ... More


Sexuality, Mortality, Disease and Fertility in the 1970s

Shane Doyle

in Before HIV: Sexuality, Fertility and Mortality in East Africa, 1900-1980

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265338
eISBN:
9780191760488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265338.003.0010
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

This chapter brings the various strands of this study together. Previous studies of the 1970s have tended to emphasize the grimmest aspects of life during this decade, but the evidence suggests that ... More


Induced Abortion and its Demographic Consequences

Wei Chen

in Transition and Challenge: China's Population at the Beginning of the 21st Century

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199299294
eISBN:
9780191715082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299294.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter investigates changes in induced abortion and their relationship with the implementation of the family planning policies, the decline in fertility, and the rise of sex ratios at birth. It ... More


Missing Women: Some Recent Controversies on Levels and Trends in Gender Bias in Mortality †

Stephan Klasen

in Arguments for a Better World: Essays in Honor of Amartya Sen, Volume 2: Society, Institutions, and Development

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199239979
eISBN:
9780191716874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239979.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter discusses two recent controversies surrounding levels and trends in the number of ‘missing women’ in the world. First, the impact of fertility decline on gender bias in mortality is ... More


‘Un noviazgo después de ser casados’ * : Companionate Marriage, Sexual Intimacy, and the Modern Mexican Family

Jennifer S. Hirsch

in Categories and Contexts: Anthropological and Historical Studies in Critical Demography

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199270576
eISBN:
9780191600883
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270570.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Highlights the ways in which marital ideologies are socially constructed and historically variable and suggests how transformations in these marital ideologies and their social categories can ... More


Recent Changes in Marriage Patterns 1

Guangyu Zhang and Baochang Gu

in Transition and Challenge: China's Population at the Beginning of the 21st Century

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199299294
eISBN:
9780191715082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299294.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines recent changes in age at first marriage and the proportion choosing marriage, their impact on fertility decline, and recent increases in divorce and remarriage. It provides the ... More


Fertility and Public Policy: How to Reverse the Trend of Declining Birth Rates

Noriyuki Takayama and Martin Werding (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014519
eISBN:
9780262295659
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014519.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

In 2050, world population growth is predicted to come almost to a halt. Shortly thereafter it may well start to shrink. A major reason behind this shift is the fertility decline that has taken place ... More


Introduction

Kate Fisher

in Birth Control, Sex, and Marriage in Britain 1918-1960

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199267361
eISBN:
9780191708299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267361.003.0001
Subject:
History, Social History

This introductory chapter discusses the ways in which historians and demographers have characterized and explained the fertility decline. It discusses the value of a systematic social history of the ... More


From Individual Behavior to Aggregate Fertility Dynamics

Hans‐Peter Kohler

in Fertility and Social Interaction: An Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244591
eISBN:
9780191596544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244596.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Shifts the emphasis from individual behaviour in the presence of social interactions to aggregate fertility dynamics. In particular, the chapter considers the implications of using non‐linear models ... More


Japan: Family Structure, Abortion, and Fertility since 1945

Jay Winter and Michael Teitelbaum

in The Global Spread of Fertility Decline: Population, Fear, and Uncertainty

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300139068
eISBN:
9780300195323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300139068.003.0006
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter shows that, despite Japan's fertility rates being close to those of China, the postwar history of fertility decline in these two countries was remarkably different. Japan industrialized ... More


Class Differentiation of Demographic Regimes

Suzanne E. Joseph

in Fertile Bonds: Bedouin Class, Kinship, and Gender in the Bekaa Valley

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780813044613
eISBN:
9780813046389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813044613.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

A comprehensive review of microdemographic studies from Europe and Asia is undertaken with the aim of understanding the role of class/caste and occupation in shaping fertility and mortality within ... More


‘It never does to plan anything’ 1

Kate Fisher

in Birth Control, Sex, and Marriage in Britain 1918-1960

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199267361
eISBN:
9780191708299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267361.003.0003
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter challenges the assumption — which informs family planning programmes and policy initiatives across the globe — that ‘rational’ future planning is an essential prerequisite for systematic ... More


From Anxiety to Unconcern on Population: c.1971 to c.2016

Tim Dyson

in A Population History of India: From the First Modern People to the Present Day

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198829058
eISBN:
9780191867484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829058.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia, Economic History

India experienced substantial mortality decline in the decades after 1971. By 2016 life expectation probably averaged about 68 years. However, much of the mortality decline resulted from narrow ... More


The Economics of the Family and Its Policy Implications: Why Should We Care about Fertility Outcomes?

Martin Werding

in Fertility and Public Policy: How to Reverse the Trend of Declining Birth Rates

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014519
eISBN:
9780262295659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014519.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter explores the reasons why it is important to develop and improve the long-term fertility decline. It discusses the responses to population economics and the economics of the family, ... More


Effects of Public Policies and Labor Market on the Fertility of Japanese Women: Analyses of Municipal Data

Seiritsu Ogura and Tamotsu Kadoda

in Fertility and Public Policy: How to Reverse the Trend of Declining Birth Rates

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014519
eISBN:
9780262295659
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014519.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter studies Japan in terms of its fertility. Municipal data and the history of Japan’s fertility increase and decrease are analyzed. The fertility shock of 1990 and the collapse of the ... More


Birth Control, Sex, and Marriage in Britain 1918-1960

Kate Fisher

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199267361
eISBN:
9780191708299
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267361.001.0001
Subject:
History, Social History

The early 20th century witnessed a revolution in contraceptive behaviour as the large Victorian family disappeared. This book offers a new perspective on the gender relations, sexual attitudes, and ... More


Populations for Studying the Causes of Britain’s Fertility Decline: communication communities

Simon Szreter

in Population in the Human Sciences: Concepts, Models, Evidence

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199688203
eISBN:
9780191767500
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199688203.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

It is proposed that the concept of communication communities can provide a theoretical formulation of the distinctive form of population which is most relevant for studies of Britain’s fertility ... More


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