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The Future of the Welfare State: Crisis Myths and Crisis Realities

Francis G. Castles

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270170
eISBN:
9780191601514
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270171.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This book uses data from 21 OECD countries for the period 1980 to 1998 to test a variety of hypotheses suggesting that contemporary welfare states are in crisis and to establish the factors shaping ... More


Introduction

E. Philip Davis

in Pension Funds: Retirement-Income Security and Capital Markets: An International Perspective

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198293040
eISBN:
9780191684944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198293040.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics, Public and Welfare

Because of lower fertility and the various advances in terms of medicine, the number of people over 60 will have raisen from 500 million in 1990 to about 1.4 billion in 2030. If seen on a global ... More


The Economics of Child Labour

Alessandro Cigno and Furio Camillo Rosati

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199264452
eISBN:
9780191602511
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199264457.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Why is there child labour? Are there arguments for abolishing or curtailing all forms of child labour, or just morally and physically dangerous ones like soldiering and prostitution? Given that at ... More


Fertility and Social Interaction: An Economic Perspective

Hans-Peter Kohler

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244591
eISBN:
9780191596544
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244596.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Considerable controversy exists among demographers, economists, and sociologists over the causes of fertility change in developing and developed countries. The neoclassical economic approach to ... More


Birth-rate Blues: A Real Crisis in the Making?

Francis G. Castles

in The Future of the Welfare State: Crisis Myths and Crisis Realities

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270170
eISBN:
9780191601514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270171.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Instead of focusing on a crisis for the welfare state, this chapter examines a contemporary crisis threat for which the welfare state in the form of family-friendly social policies may provide the ... More


Summary and Conclusions

Hans‐Peter Kohler

in Fertility and Social Interaction: An Economic Perspective

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244591
eISBN:
9780191596544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199244596.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Summarizes the main findings and discusses how social interactions can be used to extend the rational and individual‐centred approach of economists with social norms, bounded rationality, social ... More


The Primacy of Education

Anne Case

in Understanding Poverty

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195305197
eISBN:
9780199783519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195305191.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Many economists believe that education is key to economic development. The first section of this essay highlights what is known about the role of education in three interrelated areas: income ... More


Below Replacement Fertility in Mainland China

Zhigang Guo and Wei Chen

in Transition and Challenge: China's Population at the Beginning of the 21st Century

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199299294
eISBN:
9780191715082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299294.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines the fertility decline in mainland China since the 1970s. Using data from a wide range of sources, including the 2000 census and through linking recorded children to their ... More


Afterword

Ruth Deech and Anna Smajdor

in From IVF to Immortality: Controversy in the Era of Reproductive Technology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199219780
eISBN:
9780191713002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199219780.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

The authors observe that the issues covered in the book are subject to ongoing debate. They note that at the time of the book's publication, these questions were under review since the UK parliament ... More


On Crises, Myths, and Measurement

Francis G. Castles

in The Future of the Welfare State: Crisis Myths and Crisis Realities

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199270170
eISBN:
9780191601514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270171.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Explores the themes of what follows. It argues that the welfare state literature of the past quarter century has been big on crisis theories of the welfare state and much weaker on facts. The chapter ... More


Fertility Transition in Hong Kong and Taiwan

Edward Jow-Ching Tu, Xin Yuan, and Xia Zhang

in Transition and Challenge: China's Population at the Beginning of the 21st Century

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199299294
eISBN:
9780191715082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299294.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter presents a detailed analysis of fertility transition in Hong Kong and Taiwan. While very different from the mainland and people living there are not subject to the strict government ... More


The Household Economy

Gøsta Esping‐Andersen

in Social Foundations of Postindustrial Economies

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198742005
eISBN:
9780191599163
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198742002.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Revisits welfare regimes through the analytical lens of the family, first making the point that modernization theory should not have been taken at face value, since even if history has, in general, ... More


Transition and Challenge: China's Population at the Beginning of the 21st Century

Zhongwei Zhao and Fei Guo (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199299294
eISBN:
9780191715082
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299294.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This book examines the major demographic changes that have taken in China in recent decades and the major demographic challenges at the beginning of the 21st century. The extensive evidence presented ... More


The Household and the Labour Market

Sara Horrell

in Work and Pay in 20th Century Britain

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199212668
eISBN:
9780191712807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212668.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Changes in household structure, fertility rates, and domestic technology all have consequences for labour market behaviour. This chapter explores these links. It starts by describing household ... More


Introduction

Zhongwei Zhao and Fei Guo

in Transition and Challenge: China's Population at the Beginning of the 21st Century

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199299294
eISBN:
9780191715082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299294.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This introductory chapter briefly reviews China's demographic transition, major demographic challenges, the development of population research in China, and the organization of the book. It provides ... More


The Politics of Numbers: Fertility Statistics in Recent Decades

Thomas Scharping

in Transition and Challenge: China's Population at the Beginning of the 21st Century

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199299294
eISBN:
9780191715082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299294.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter critically examines China's recent demographic data, especially the impact of the family planning programme on the quality of fertility data. It identifies various kinds of registration ... More


Induced Abortion and its Demographic Consequences

Wei Chen

in Transition and Challenge: China's Population at the Beginning of the 21st Century

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199299294
eISBN:
9780191715082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299294.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter investigates changes in induced abortion and their relationship with the implementation of the family planning policies, the decline in fertility, and the rise of sex ratios at birth. It ... More


Recent Changes in Marriage Patterns 1

Guangyu Zhang and Baochang Gu

in Transition and Challenge: China's Population at the Beginning of the 21st Century

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199299294
eISBN:
9780191715082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299294.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter examines recent changes in age at first marriage and the proportion choosing marriage, their impact on fertility decline, and recent increases in divorce and remarriage. It provides the ... More


The Strangeness of Gods: Historical Perspectives on the Interpretation of Athenian Religion

S.C. Humphreys

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269235
eISBN:
9780191710094
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269235.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

This book contains analyses both of Athenian religion and of the history of classical studies. It emphasizes that disciplinary history is an integral part of research, especially in interdisciplinary ... More


Epigraphy and Demography: Birth, Marriage, Family, and Death

Walter Scheidel

in Epigraphy and the Historical Sciences

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197265062
eISBN:
9780191754173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265062.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter uses evidence from all over the Graeco-Roman world. It shows that inscriptions are second only to papyri in providing the quantitative evidence without which the study of populations is ... More


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