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Mortality, Fertility and Gender Bias in India: A District-level Analysis

Mamta Murthi, Anne-Catherine Guio, and Jean Drèze

in Indian Development: Selected Regional Perspectives

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780198292043
eISBN:
9780191684852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292043.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter evaluates inter-district patterns of fertility, child mortality, and gender bias in India using data from the 1981 census. The findings highlight the powerful effects of variables ... More


Women Working Longer: Facts and Some Explanations

Claudia Goldin and Lawrence F. Katz

in Women Working Longer: Increased Employment at Older Ages

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226532509
eISBN:
9780226532646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226532646.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

American women are working more, through their sixties and even into their seventies. Their increased participation at older ages started in the late 1980s before the turnaround in older men’s labor ... More


The Origin and Persistence of Black-White Differences in Women’s Labor Force Participation

Leah Platt Boustan, Carola Frydman, and Robert A. Margo

in Human Capital in History: The American Record

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226163895
eISBN:
9780226163925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226163925.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Black women were more likely than white women to participate in the labor force from 1870 until at least 1980 and to hold jobs in agriculture or manufacturing. Differences in observables cannot ... More


Gendered Offices: A Comparative-Iistorical Examination of Clerical Work in Japan and the United States

Mary C. Brinton

in The Political Economy of Japan's Low Fertility

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804754866
eISBN:
9780804768207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804754866.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter examines the clerical sector in the United States and Japan. It first outlines the historically transformative role of the clerical sector in increasing American female labor force ... More


Women in the Tunisian Labor Market

Rim Ben Ayed Mouelhi and Mohamed Goaied

in The Tunisian Labor Market in an Era of Transition

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198799863
eISBN:
9780191864698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198799863.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter aims at analyzing the characteristics of female employment and unemployment in Tunisia and at identifying the main incentives and constraints to female labor participation and choice of ... More


Relative Cohort Size and the Total Fertility Rate

Fred C. Pampel

in The Institutional Context of Population Change: Patterns of Fertility and Mortality across High-Income Nations

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226645254
eISBN:
9780226645278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226645278.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Population and Demography

Having presented theoretical arguments concerning the interactive relationships among cohort size, collectivism, and fertility, this chapter tests these arguments using the total fertility rate. It ... More


Gender and the Jordanian Labor Market

Ragui Assaad, Rana Hendy, and Chaimaa Yassine

in The Jordanian Labor Market in the New Millennium

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780198702054
eISBN:
9780191771781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702054.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter further investigates the low and stagnant female participation rates. Not only is the female labour force participation rate in Jordan very low, but it also appears to have been ... More


Sex Differences in Suicide and Homicide Mortality

Fred C. Pampel

in The Institutional Context of Population Change: Patterns of Fertility and Mortality across High-Income Nations

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226645254
eISBN:
9780226645278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226645278.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Population and Demography

This chapter examines gender equality and relative levels of violent mortality. It focuses on how differences in female labor force participation affect sex differences in suicide and homicide ... More


Gender and Labor Markets in Tunisia’s Lagging Regions

Lucia Hanmer, Edinaldo Tebaldi, and Dorte Verner

in The Tunisian Labor Market in an Era of Transition

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198799863
eISBN:
9780191864698
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198799863.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

There are significant differences in labor market outcomes by gender in Tunisia. These gender differences differ substantially in the richer coastal and eastern regions and the poorer southern and ... More


The Backdrop

Nicholas Barr and Peter Diamond

in Reforming Pensions: Principles and Policy Choices

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195311303
eISBN:
9780199893461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311303.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Over the long haul, declining mortality and fertility and earlier retirements have raised pension costs to unsustainable levels in many countries. Women have increased their labor market activities ... More


Women Working Longer: Increased Employment at Older Ages

Claudia Goldin and Lawrence F. Katz (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226532509
eISBN:
9780226532646
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226532646.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

American women in their sixties and seventies are working more now than ever. Their increased participation at older ages started in the late 1980s, before the turnaround in older men’s labor force ... More


Conclusion

Frances Mccall Rosenbluth

in The Political Economy of Japan's Low Fertility

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804754866
eISBN:
9780804768207
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804754866.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter summarizes the principal arguments made in the preceding parts of the book. It discusses the policy implications, particularly as they relate to Japan, of a commitment to freeing women ... More


Introduction

Claudia Goldin and Lawrence F. Katz

in Women Working Longer: Increased Employment at Older Ages

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226532509
eISBN:
9780226532646
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226532646.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

American women are participating in the labor force more than ever into their sixties and even seventies. Their participation rates when 55 to 64 years old now differ from men’s by less than 10 ... More


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