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Comparing Welfare and Child Welfare Populations: An Argument for Rethinking the Safety Net

Mark E. Courtney, Amy Dworsky, Irving Piliavin, and Steven McMurtry

in Child Welfare Research: Advances for Practice and Policy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195304961
eISBN:
9780199863648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304961.003.0017
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Research and Evaluation

This chapter uses data from two ongoing studies in Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, to provide empirical evidence supporting the claim that workfare and child welfare programs serve increasingly similar ... More


The Quest for Drug Control: Politics and Federal Policy in a Period of Increasing Substance Abuse, 1963-1981

David F. Musto and Pamela Korsmeyer

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300090369
eISBN:
9780300137842
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300090369.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Between 1960 and 1980 various administrations attempted to deal with a rising tide of illicit drug use that was unprecedented in U.S. history. This book provides a close look at the politics and ... More


How Commercial Bankers Discovered Consumer Credit: The Federal Housing Administration and Personal Loan Departments, 1934–1938

Louis Hyman

in Debtor Nation: The History of America in Red Ink

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691140681
eISBN:
9781400838400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691140681.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on personal loan departments. On May 4, 1928, National City Bank opened the nation's first personal loan department. Curiously, despite the popularity of the department and ... More


Conclusion: Retrospect and Significance

Donald J. Pisani

in Water and American Government: The Reclamation Bureau, National Water Policy, and the West, 1902-1935

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520230309
eISBN:
9780520927582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520230309.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This concluding chapter summarizes the relevant points on the Reclamation Act and the federal water policies. It states that from 1902 until 1935, the federal water policies showed consistent ... More


Gateway to the Hydraulic Age: Water Politics, 1920–1935

Donald J. Pisani

in Water and American Government: The Reclamation Bureau, National Water Policy, and the West, 1902-1935

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520230309
eISBN:
9780520927582
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520230309.003.0009
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter studies flood control, irrigation, and transportation. It shows that the Boulder Dam eventually became the typical American dam: it stood two hundred feet taller than the Washington ... More


Norman Street: Poverty and Politics in an Urban Neighborhood, Updated Edition

Ida Susser

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195367317
eISBN:
9780199951192
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367317.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility, Urban and Rural Studies

This book presents an examination of a scenario that appears likely to be played out again and again as federal budget policies result in reduced services for urban areas across the United States. ... More


Interactions between State and Federal Climate Change Policies

Lawrence H. Goulder and Robert N. Stavins

in The Design and Implementation of US Climate Policy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226269146
eISBN:
9780226921983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226921983.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

This chapter examines the problematic interactions between state and federal policies, focusing on cap-and-trade programs, fuel economy standards, and renewable fuel standards. It highlights the ... More


Policy-Making for Private Pensions: The Genesis and Structure of a Policy Domain

James A. Wooten

in The Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974: A Political History

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520242739
eISBN:
9780520931398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520242739.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter states that a pension plan is a financial intermediary. A pension plan is also a contractual arrangement that employers and unions use to manage employees. It also transfers claims to ... More


The Domestic Achievement, 1981–1989

Michael Schaller

in Reckoning with Reagan: America and Its President in the 1980s

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195090499
eISBN:
9780199854196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195090499.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the accomplishments of Ronald Reagan as president of the U.S. from 1981 to 1989. During his term, Reagan challenged many and reversed some of the liberal programs that dominated ... More


Welfare reform in the United States: the first five years of TANF

Pamela A. Holcomb and Karin Martinson

in Social Policy Review 15: UK and international perspectives

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424709
eISBN:
9781447303428
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424709.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

This chapter talks about the most significant changes in welfare policy and programmes at the local, state, and federal level that have occurred over the first five years. The first section sheds ... More


Neighborhoods and City Rebuilding

Karl F. Seidman

in Coming Home to New Orleans: Neighborhood Rebuilding After Katrina

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199945511
eISBN:
9780199333189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199945511.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The concluding chapter presents findings and learning from the rebuilding experience across the six New Orleans neighborhoods. It argues that grassroots organizations had a fourfold contribution to ... More


Federal Aid and the Cities

Michael J. Rich and Robert P. Stoker

in Collaborative Governance for Urban Revitalization: Lessons from Empowerment Zones

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452505
eISBN:
9780801470912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452505.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter highlights the unresolved issues from previous federal urban policies that have influenced the design of the Empowerment Zones (EZ) and Enterprise Communities (EC) initiative. One of ... More


The “lumpiness” thesis revisited: the venues of policy work and the distribution of analytical techniques in Canada

Michael Howlett, Seck Tan, Adam Wellstead, Andrea Migone, and Bryan Evans

in Policy Analysis in Canada

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781447334910
eISBN:
9781447334934
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447334910.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter contributes to the understanding of analytical practices and tools employed by policy analysts involved in policy formulation and appraisal by examining data drawn from 15 surveys of ... More


The Judicial Gloss

Thomas E. Carbonneau

in Toward a New Federal Law on Arbitration

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199965519
eISBN:
9780199366927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199965519.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

The U.S. Supreme Court has developed an extensive decisional law on arbitration. The FAA's early enactment prevented it from incorporating major developments in the area of arbitration. The Court's ... More


Epilogue

James A. Wooten

in The Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974: A Political History

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520242739
eISBN:
9780520931398
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520242739.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA) introduced a new conceptual frame of reference for federal pension policy. Although ERISA was known as the “pension reform law,” it has also ... More


Introduction

Paul Frymer

in Building an American Empire: The Era of Territorial and Political Expansion

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691166056
eISBN:
9781400885350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691166056.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This book examines the imperial aspirations and geographic expansion of the United States over the long nineteenth century, with emphasis on the process of state formation and political development. ... More


Property Rights and Federal Land Policy

Gary D. Libecap

in Government & The American Economy: A New History

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226251271
eISBN:
9780226251295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226251295.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Throughout the economic history of the United States, most decisions regarding resource use and answers to questions regarding what, how, and for whom to produce have been based on private property ... More


Architecture of Injury: Disabled Veterans, Federal Policy, and the Built Environment in the Early Twentieth Century

John M. Kinder

in Veterans' Policies, Veterans' Politics: New Perspectives on Veterans in the Modern United States

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780813042077
eISBN:
9780813043456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813042077.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter charts the evolution of the “architecture of injury” designed to heal and house disabled veterans following the Civil War and World War I. In doing so, it examines the spatial dimensions ... More


Federal Policy and the Development of Semiconductors, Computer Hardware, and Computer Software: A Policy Model for Climate Change R&D?

David C. Mowery

in Accelerating Energy Innovation: Insights from Multiple Sectors

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226326832
eISBN:
9780226326856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226326856.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter reviews the technological and industrial development within semiconductors, computer hardware, and computer software. It also highlights the important and constructive role played by ... More


Boundaries and Movement

Paul Frymer

in Building an American Empire: The Era of Territorial and Political Expansion

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691166056
eISBN:
9781400885350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691166056.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the process of American territorial expansion and settlement to the Mississippi River between the American Revolution (and even further back into British times) up until 1840. ... More


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