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The Federal Government in a Segregated Society: Public Employment Exchanges and Housing Programmes

Desmond King

in Separate and Unequal: Black Americans and the US Federal Government

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292494
eISBN:
9780191599682
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829249X.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

King examines how interventions of the American federal government—namely, the United States Employment Service (USES), federal mortgage assistance, and public housing programmes—mirrored the ... More


Debt and Recovery: New Deal Housing Policy and the Making of National Mortgage Markets

Louis Hyman

in Debtor Nation: The History of America in Red Ink

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691140681
eISBN:
9781400838400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691140681.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses the New Deal housing policy and the making of national mortgage markets. Though Franklin Roosevelt was sympathetic to housing the poor, his policies aimed, primarily, to grow ... More


Housing for Defense

Sarah Jo Peterson

in Planning the Home Front: Building Bombers and Communities at Willow Run

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226025421
eISBN:
9780226025568
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226025568.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

As the federal government began to release funds for the construction of ships, tanks, and airplanes at industrial centers, the promise of jobs not only sparked mass migrations and created boom ... More


“No-Lining” and Neighborhood Erasure: Washington, D.C., and Downtown San Francisco Come to the Mission

Ocean Howell

in Making the Mission: Planning and Ethnicity in San Francisco

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226141398
eISBN:
9780226290287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226290287.003.0007
Subject:
History, Cultural History

This chapter deals with New Deal home finance agencies, the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) and particularly the Home Owners' Loan Corporation (HOLC), paying special attention to their role on ... More


City Building and Boundary Making

Andrew R. Highsmith

in Demolition Means Progress: Flint, Michigan, and the Fate of the American Metropolis

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226050058
eISBN:
9780226251080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226251080.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Between 1900 and 1940, Flint rose to prominence as the manufacturing hub for General Motors. As America’s national obsession with automobiles took root, Flint, a quintessential company town, ... More


Jim Crow Liberalism

N. D. B. Connolly

in A World More Concrete: Real Estate and the Remaking of Jim Crow South Florida

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780226115146
eISBN:
9780226135250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226135250.003.0004
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines how people in South Florida utilized New Deal housing programs during the 1930s. It affirms widely held understandings about the New Deal as integral to the expansion of racial ... More


The State Makes Credit

Richard Harris

in Building a Market: The Rise of the Home Improvement Industry, 1914-1960

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226317663
eISBN:
9780226317687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226317687.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

During the Depression, the number of homes being built fell dramatically, creating a need for home improvement. Instead of buying or building anew, home owners had to content themselves with ... More


Selling the Negro Housing Market

Preston H. Smith

in Racial Democracy and the Black Metropolis: Housing Policy in Postwar Chicago

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816637027
eISBN:
9781452945811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816637027.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter studies the work of black civic leaders and white policy analysts who made the case that a viable black housing market existed in Chicago and other major cities, which could be ... More


The Great Society, High and Low

in Robert Clifton Weaver and the American City: The Life and Times of an Urban Reformer

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226684482
eISBN:
9780226684505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226684505.003.0017
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

By early 1967 it was clear to most observers, and to the president himself, that the Great Society was running out of steam, and facing so many obstacles, Johnson began to wonder “why he had ever ... More


The New Deal on Main Street

in Modernizing Main Street: Architecture and Consumer Culture in the New Deal

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226218007
eISBN:
9780226218021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226218021.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

In March 1938, President Franklin D. Roosevelt returned to Gainesville, Georgia. It was nearly two years since a devastating tornado destroyed most of downtown. Now, instead of the destruction and ... More


The Siting Dilemma: Race and the Location of Federal Housing Projects

Lance Freeman

in Facing Segregation: Housing Policy Solutions for a Stronger Society

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780190862305
eISBN:
9780190862336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190862305.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Communities and Organizations

From the Great Depression until the 1970s, project-based housing assistance, in the form of the Public Housing Program, was planned and developed in a way that reinforced existing patterns of ... More


The FHA in the City: Red Lines and the Origins of the Urban Reinvestment Movement

Rebecca K. Marchiel

in After Redlining: The Urban Reinvestment Movement in the Era of Financial Deregulation

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226723648
eISBN:
9780226723785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226723785.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter follows the Chicago activists as they move from local to national organizing through the founding of National People’s Action. To do so, it recounts the little-known history of the ... More


American Bonds: How Credit Markets Shaped a Nation

Sarah L. Quinn

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780691156750
eISBN:
9780691185613
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156750.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Federal housing finance policy and mortgage-backed securities have gained widespread attention in recent years because of the 2008 financial crisis, but issues of government credit have been part of ... More


A Liberal Experiment: Race and Housing in the New Deal

in Robert Clifton Weaver and the American City: The Life and Times of an Urban Reformer

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226684482
eISBN:
9780226684505
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226684505.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Robert C. Weaver spent the majority of his time working on the Roosevelt administration's public housing experiment. Federal housing programs were a crucial part of New Deal urban policy, and these ... More


Suburban Renewal

Andrew R. Highsmith

in Demolition Means Progress: Flint, Michigan, and the Fate of the American Metropolis

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226050058
eISBN:
9780226251080
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226251080.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Federal housing programs helped to modernize Flint’s working-class suburbs and make them safe for investment. Prior to the 1950s, federal mortgage underwriters and local real estate investors ... More


De Facto Segregation: A National Myth

Richard Rothstein

in Facing Segregation: Housing Policy Solutions for a Stronger Society

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780190862305
eISBN:
9780190862336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190862305.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Communities and Organizations

The United States’ ability to desegregate metropolitan areas is hobbled by historical ignorance. Believing that segregation is de facto, resulting mostly from private prejudice and income ... More


Conclusion: A Main Street Modernized

in Modernizing Main Street: Architecture and Consumer Culture in the New Deal

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226218007
eISBN:
9780226218021
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226218021.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

December 1941 is often regarded as the symbolic end of the Great Depression, since the war mobilization that followed the attack on Pearl Harbor revived the economy more quickly and intensively, ... More


Aftermath

Kathleen C. Engel and Patricia A. McCoy

in The Subprime Virus: Reckless Credit, Regulatory Failure, and Next Steps

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780195388824
eISBN:
9780190258535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195388824.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy

This chapter describes efforts in 2009, under the new Obama administration, to deal with the effects of the subprime crisis. These include the passage of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, a ... More


Scaling Up Local Democracy

Josh Lerner

in Everyone Counts: Could "Participatory Budgeting" Change Democracy?

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801456657
eISBN:
9780801456060
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801456657.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter explores how, in September 2013, the White House reached out to the Participatory Budgeting Project (PBP) group to survey how the federal government could support PB. The early success ... More


Home

Benjamin Wiggins

in Calculating Race: Racial Discrimination in Risk Assessment

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780197504000
eISBN:
9780197504031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197504000.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century, American History: 20th Century

The economic collapse that set into motion the Great Depression of the 1930s was portended by mass mortgage defaults in the mid-1920s. To address this unprecedented housing crisis, New Deal ... More


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