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Thinking about Funding Federal Retirement Plans

Toni Hustead

in The Future of Public Employee Retirement Systems

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573349
eISBN:
9780191721946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573349.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Public Management, Pensions and Pension Management

Most US federal retirement plans are now fully funded, but since plan assets must legally be invested in federal securities, fund surpluses are used to reduce overall federal budget deficits. As a ... More


A Tale of Two Tax Cuts

Benjamin C. Waterhouse

in Lobbying America: The Politics of Business from Nixon to NAFTA

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149165
eISBN:
9781400848171
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149165.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter analyzes how the interlocking problems of taxation and the federal budget set the stage for the contentious politics of business in the 1980s. During the Reagan administration, ... More


Optimizing Transparency: The Budget Process

Adrian Vermeule

in Mechanisms of Democracy: Institutional Design Writ Small

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195333466
eISBN:
9780199855384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333466.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter analyzes transparency in the setting of the national budget process in the United States Congress. It argues for selective transparency, in which some decision-making processes are ... More


Public Finance: The Fiscal Crisis of the Postwar State

Wolfgang Streeck

in Re-Forming Capitalism: Institutional Change in the German Political Economy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199573981
eISBN:
9780191702136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573981.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy, International Business

During the postwar era, para-public institutions were used to loosen the ties that binded the state to organized interests, and to create disharmony in the social policy field by making it subject to ... More


The Cost of Risk to the Government and Its Implications for Federal Budgeting

Deborah Lucas and Marvin Phaup

in Measuring and Managing Federal Financial Risk

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226496580
eISBN:
9780226496597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226496597.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter lays out the economic case for incorporating the cost of market risk in government decision making, describes how risky securities are currently accounted for in the federal budget and ... More


Is the U.S. Economy on the Mend?

Padma Desai

in From Financial Crisis to Global Recovery

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231157865
eISBN:
9780231527743
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231157865.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter examines the financial status of the U.S. banking sector in early 2009 by considering the ongoing debates from five perspectives. The first argument holds that banks around the country ... More


Norman Street: Poverty and Politics in an Urban Neighborhood, Updated Edition

Ida Susser

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195367317
eISBN:
9780199951192
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367317.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility, Urban and Rural Studies

This book presents an examination of a scenario that appears likely to be played out again and again as federal budget policies result in reduced services for urban areas across the United States. ... More


Instabilities in Federal Policy Making

Derek A. Epp

in The Structure of Policy Change

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226529691
eISBN:
9780226529868
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226529868.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter documents policy punctuations evident in the US federal budget. It develops a methodology for sorting programmatic areas of the US budget based on the complexity of underlying issues. ... More


Presidents, the Federal Budget, and Economic Good, 1946–2008

Iwan Morgan

in The President and American Capitalism Since 1945

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780813056524
eISBN:
9780813053455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813056524.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Especially since passage of the Employment Act of 1946, American presidents have used the federal budget to promote economic growth. They frequently raised or lowered taxes to stimulate or curtail ... More


A New Future for US Highways

Robert W. Poole Jr.

in Rethinking America's Highways: A 21st-Century Vision for Better Infrastructure

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226557571
eISBN:
9780226557601
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226557601.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter suggests that the time is right for a new model for U.S. highways. Factors that will disrupt the status quo are the looming insolvency of the federal government, large-scale state fiscal ... More


Arcs and Plateaus

Bryan D. Jones, Sean M. Theriault, and Michelle C. Whyman

in The Great Broadening: How the Vast Expansion of the Policymaking Agenda Transformed American Politics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226625805
eISBN:
9780226626130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226626130.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

In Chapter 3, we show that the increase in the scope of the national government coincided with an increase in a variety of established quantitative indicators of political activity, including ... More


Strategic Storytelling by Nuns on the Bus

Ruth Braunstein

in Religion and Progressive Activism: New Stories About Faith and Politics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781479854769
eISBN:
9781479834457
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479854769.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Ruth Braunstein’s chapter examines the Nuns on the Bus campaign, launched by a group of Catholic Sisters in 2012 to raise awareness of the harm that federal budget cuts would cause struggling ... More


A Real or a Mock Budget?

Jean Pisani-Ferry

in The Euro Crisis and Its Aftermath

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199993338
eISBN:
9780199346400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199993338.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

In contrast to the United States or other federations, the euro area does not have a meaningful federal budget. The budget of the European Union amounts to only one percent of its GDP, lacks ... More


Entitlement Reform and the Future of Pensions

C. Eugene Steuerle, Benjamin H. Harris, and Pamela J. Perun

in Reimagining Pensions: The Next 40 Years

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198755449
eISBN:
9780191816673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198755449.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Pensions and Pension Management

The three systems affecting the elderly—health, Social Security, and employer-based retirement plans—have not been reformed substantially in decades. Reform of retirement and health care entitlements ... More


The Fellow behind the Tree

Sylvester J. Schieber

in The Predictable Surprise: Unraveling the U.S. Retirement System

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199890958
eISBN:
9780190261382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199890958.003.0026
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter examines three distinct perspectives on the current condition of the retirement system in the United States. Some argue that the system is too hot, costing more of the nation’s public ... More


Introduction

William G. Gale

in Fiscal Therapy: Balancing Today's Needs with Tomorrow's Obligations

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190645410
eISBN:
9780190939175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190645410.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, Economic Systems

Even as the U.S. economy hums along, problems loom in the future. Government debt is growing along an unsustainable path, potentially mortgaging the country’s economic future. At the same time, after ... More


Fiscal Therapy: Balancing Today's Needs with Tomorrow's Obligations

William G. Gale

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190645410
eISBN:
9780190939175
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190645410.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare, Economic Systems

America faces two distinct but related economic challenges. Steadily rising federal debt—largely fueled by rising healthcare costs and an aging population that will boost spending on Social Security, ... More


The U.S. Welfare State Is Minimal

Mark Robert Rank, Lawrence M. Eppard, and Heather E. Bullock

in Poorly Understood: What America Gets Wrong About Poverty

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780190881382
eISBN:
9780190881412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190881382.003.0013
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

Chapter 13 examines the size of the social safety net in the United States. Compared with European and other OECD countries, the United States has a fairly small safety net. The amount spent is ... More


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