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Emotional Memory and Memory Modulation

Howard Eichenbaum and Neal J. Cohen

in From Conditioning to Conscious Recollection: Memory systems of the brain

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195178043
eISBN:
9780199871223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178043.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews behavioral and anatomical studies showing that areas in the temporal lobe are involved in the appreciation of emotional cues and in the expression of emotional behaviors. Also ... More


The orbitofrontal cortex and anxiety disorders

Mohammed R. Milad and Scott L. Rauch

in The Orbitofrontal Cortex

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198565741
eISBN:
9780191723971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565741.003.0020
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter reviews contemporary neurocircuitry models of anxiety disorders, with a focus on the role of the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC). In addition to human neuroimaging studies, findings from ... More


Neural Systems of Emotion:: The Amygdala's Role in Fear and Anxiety

Michael Davis, Serge Campeau, Munsoo Kim, and William A. Falls

in Brain and Memory: Modulation and Mediation of Neuroplasticity

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195082944
eISBN:
9780199847877
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082944.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

A great deal of data now indicate that the amygdala and its efferent projections to the hypothalamus and brainstem form a central fear system. The role of the amygdala in fear conditioning has been ... More


Conditional Analgesia, Negative Feedback, and Error Correction

Moriel Zelikowsky and Michael S. Fanselow

in Associative Learning and Conditioning Theory: Human and Non-Human Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199735969
eISBN:
9780199894529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735969.003.0094
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Error correction has played an important role in the development of theories of Pavlovian conditioning, and it continues to be a central force driving research on the processes underlying learning ... More


Trauma, Learned Helplessness, Its Neuroscience, and Implications for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Vincent M. LoLordo and J. Bruce Overmier

in Associative Learning and Conditioning Theory: Human and Non-Human Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199735969
eISBN:
9780199894529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735969.003.0039
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Forty years ago it was discovered that animals that had previously experienced inescapable aversive events, but not ones that had learned to escape these events, subsequently failed to learn to ... More


Central Circulatory Control: Psychological Stress and the Defense Reaction

Pascal Carrive

in Central Regulation of Autonomic Functions

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195306637
eISBN:
9780199894130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306637.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

This chapter reviews the history and our current understanding of the central pathways mediating cardiovascular responses to psychological stress. The first part of the chapter deals with the ... More


Emotional Memory Processing: Synaptic Connectivity

Joseph E. LeDoux and Valérie Doyère

in The Memory Process: Neuroscientific and Humanistic Perspectives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014571
eISBN:
9780262289672
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014571.003.0008
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter examines what is currently known about the neural basis of fear memory, emphasizing implicit, unconscious emotional memory. It discusses how fear memories are acquired, consolidated, and ... More


Fear learning and extinction

Tina B Lonsdorf

in Genes, brain, and emotions: Interdisciplinary and Translational Perspectives

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198793014
eISBN:
9780191834745
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198793014.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

Experimental fear conditioning and extinction represent basic forms of associative learning with considerable clinical relevance and serve as laboratory models for the development and treatment of ... More


The Interaction of Emotion and Cognition: The Relation Between the Human Amygdala and Cognitive Awareness

Elizabeth A. Phelps

in The New Unconscious

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195307696
eISBN:
9780199847488
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307696.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Over the last few decades, psychological theories on the relation between cognition and emotion have been shaped by evidence from neuroscience techniques. In particular, the debate of whether or not ... More


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