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Wittgenstein and the Metaphysics of Grace

Terrance W. Klein

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199204236
eISBN:
9780191708039
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204236.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

What is the meaning of the word ‘grace’? Can Wittgenstein's maxim that the meaning of a word is its usage help explicate the claims that Christians have made about grace? When Christians use the ... More


“Broaden and Deepen the Debate”: Fifty Years Without Revision

Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

in Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151169
eISBN:
9780199833917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515116X.003.0023
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Surveys proposals for amending the 1947 Constitution. With the end of the Occupation in 1952, critics were free to propose amendments to the constitution. In its hearings, the Commission on the ... More


Party Government, Patronage, and Party Decline in Western Europe

Jean Blondel

in Political Parties: Old Concepts and New Challenges

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246748
eISBN:
9780191599385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246742.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Blondel approaches the question of party decline by asking to what extent it is a product of semi‐legal or illegal practices adopted by parties. At first glance it seems that the answer should be ... More


Three Epistemic Principles: Discrimination, Evidential Transmission, and Favouring

Duncan Pritchard

in Epistemological Disjunctivism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199557912
eISBN:
9780191743290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557912.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter suggests that if we wish to retain the closure principle, then there is a burden upon us to explain what this knowledge of the entailed proposition is in virtue of, and that means that ... More


Favouring and Discriminating Epistemic Support

Duncan Pritchard

in Epistemological Disjunctivism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199557912
eISBN:
9780191743290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557912.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter identifies a distinction between the kind of epistemic support provided by favouring evidence, and the kind of epistemic support provided by discriminatory capacities, since one can have ... More


Diagnosis

Duncan Pritchard

in Epistemological Disjunctivism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199557912
eISBN:
9780191743290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557912.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers the question of why the distinction between favouring and discriminating epistemic support has not been widely recognized. One explanation is that that when we think about the ... More


Corporate Governance: From the Employee-Favouring Firm to the Shareholder-Favouring Firm

Ronald Dore

in Stock Market Capitalism: Welfare Capitalism: Japan and Germany versus the Anglo-Saxons

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199240623
eISBN:
9780191696848
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199240623.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter argues that reformers would not have concentrated so much on corporate governance had it not been such a hot academic and journalistic topic for discussion in the Anglo–Saxon world. Had ... More


Sector‐Specific Multilateral Trade Agreements

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter looks at the major sector‐specific agreements that have been negotiated under the auspices of GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade), and in particular at agriculture, and ... More


Checks and Balances

Jean‐Jacques Laffont

in Incentives and Political Economy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248681
eISBN:
9780191596575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248680.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter studies the design of reciprocal supervision between members of the same hierarchy. It is shown that reciprocal capture may result in the form of a horizontal level exchange of favours, ... More


Evolution of the Most Favoured Nation Principle Up to 1929

Richard Pomfret

in The Economics of Regional Trading Arrangements

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248872
eISBN:
9780191596797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248877.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Deals with the international economic system established in the 1860s and its operation until 1929. Section 1 analyses why the most‐favoured nation (MFN) principle emerged. Unconditional MFN ... More


Discrimination in International Trade, 1947–1985

Richard Pomfret

in The Economics of Regional Trading Arrangements

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248872
eISBN:
9780191596797
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248877.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Discusses the erosion of adherence to the non‐discrimination principle between 1947 and 1985. Section 1 analyses the discriminatory removal of quantitative restrictions on intra‐European trade during ... More


Which Level of Protection?—The Scope of the Prohibition of Restriction: Equal Treatment and Market Access

Steffen Hindelang

in The Free Movement of Capital and Foreign Direct Investment: The Scope of Protection in EU Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199572656
eISBN:
9780191705540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572656.003.0005
Subject:
Law, EU Law

This chapter maps the scope of the ‘prohibition of restriction’ enshrined in Article 56 (1) EC — falling into two tests, the non-hindrance and the non-discrimination tests — in both intra-Community ... More


Discrimination on the Basis of Nationality: Determining Likeness in Human Rights and Investment Law

Freya Baetens

in International Investment Law and Comparative Public Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199589104
eISBN:
9780191595455
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589104.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Public International Law

When comparing nationality-based discrimination prohibitions in human rights and investment law, the question arises whether human rights jurisprudence could be instructive for interpretations of the ... More


Conclusion: The Persistence of the Deer-Hunting Culture

ROGER B. MANNING

in Hunters and Poachers: A Social and Cultural History of Unlawful Hunting in England 1485-1640

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198203247
eISBN:
9780191675805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203247.003.0010
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Social History

This concluding chapter sums up the key findings of this study on the persistence of the deer-hunting culture in medieval England. It explains that the deer-hunting culture was already well ... More


Codification and Result Selectivism

Symeon C. Symeonides

in Codifying Choice of Law Around the World: An International Comparative Analysis

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
June 2014
ISBN:
9780199360840
eISBN:
9780199377688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199360840.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Private International Law, Comparative Law

This chapter discusses the positions of modern codifications on two conflicting views regarding the goal of the choice-of-law process. The firstview, is that the choice-of-law process should aim for ... More


Anger, Gratitude, and Enlightenment Sociability

Patrick Coleman

in Anger, Gratitude, and the Enlightenment Writer

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199589340
eISBN:
9780191723322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589340.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, European Literature, 18th-century Literature

This chapter examines how entitlements to anger and obligations of gratitude were redefined in eighteenth-century France, a society in which cultural status began to be based on talent rather than ... More


The Structure of the Skeptical Argument

Anthony Brueckner

in Essays on Skepticism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585861
eISBN:
9780191595332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585861.003.0030
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter focuses on the question whether the standard closure-based sceptical argument requires the assumption of a second epistemic principle, an ‘underdetermination principle’, which could ... More


Non-Discrimination and Justification in the GATT

Erich Vranes

in Trade and the Environment: Fundamental Issues in International Law, WTO Law, and Legal Theory

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199562787
eISBN:
9780191705366
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562787.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, EU Law

This chapter addresses the non-discrimination disciplines of the GATT (most-favoured-nation treatment and national treatment) and related issues, notably justification on non-economic grounds under ... More


MFN CLAUSES AND DISPUTE RESOLUTION IN INVESTMENT TREATIES: HAVE WE REACHED THE END OF THE ROAD?

Kaj Hobér

in International Investment Law for the 21st Century: Essays in Honour of Christoph Schreuer

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199571345
eISBN:
9780191705472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571345.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Private International Law

This chapter focuses on the role of the most-favoured-nation (MFN) clause in the BIT. It considers the RosInvest decision, which is believed to be the first case where an arbitral tribunal has ... More


What Do We Do Now?

Jagdish Bhagwati

in Termites in the Trading System: How Preferential Agreements Undermine Free Trade

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195331653
eISBN:
9780199851850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331653.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

It is clearly shown that the situation regarding preferential trade agreements (PTAs) cries out for palliatives and for solutions. Three options have been explored: (1) halting the formation of new ... More


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