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Diffuse Scattering and Defect Structure Simulations: A cook book using the program DISCUS

Reinhard B. Neder and Thomas Proffen

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199233694
eISBN:
9780191715563
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233694.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

In recent years it has become apparent that merely knowing and understanding the average atomic structure is insufficient for comprehending material properties fully. Deviations from this average ... More


Inside the Castle: Law and the Family in 20th Century America

Joanna L. Grossman and Lawrence M. Friedman

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149820
eISBN:
9781400839773
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149820.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Family Law

This book is a comprehensive social history of twentieth-century family law in the United States. The book shows how vast, oceanic changes in society have reshaped and reconstituted the American ... More


Torts and Rights

Robert Stevens

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199211609
eISBN:
9780191705946
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211609.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

The law of torts is concerned with the secondary obligations generated by the infringement of primary rights. This apparently simple proposition enables us to understand the law of torts (plural) as ... More


Untying the Knot: Divorce and Annulment

Joanna L. Grossman and Lawrence M. Friedman

in Inside the Castle: Law and the Family in 20th Century America

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149820
eISBN:
9781400839773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149820.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Family Law

This chapter tracks the divorce story, from the traditional system of fault-based divorce to the new system of divorce on demand. It also takes a look at annulment and the recent backlash that tries, ... More


Anti-Insurance

Robert D. Cooter and Ariel Porat

in Getting Incentives Right: Improving Torts, Contracts, and Restitution

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151595
eISBN:
9781400850396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151595.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

This chapter proposes a novel contract, dubbed “anti-insurance,” that perfectly solves the paradox of compensation. Breach of contract by the promisor poses a risk of loss to the promisee. With ... More


Appraising Strict Liability

Andrew Simester (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199278510
eISBN:
9780191706967
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278510.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Strict liability is a controversial phenomenon in the criminal law because of its potential to convict blameless persons. Offences are said to impose strict liability when, in relation to one or more ... More


Reform Proposals and Alternatives to Marriage

Stephen Macedo

in Just Married: Same-Sex Couples, Monogamy, and the Future of Marriage

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691166483
eISBN:
9781400865857
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691166483.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Family Law

This chapter examines a range of proposals for the reform or replacement of marriage. These marriage reform proposals range from increasing the contractual aspects of marriage, to further ... More


19th and 20th Century French Law

Eric Descheemaeker

in The Division of Wrongs: A Historical Comparative Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199562794
eISBN:
9780191705533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562794.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law, Law of Obligations

This chapter explores the consequences of the structural gap created by the absence of a category corresponding to casus (or strict liability) in Pothier's scheme, meaning that all liability within ... More


Structuring the English Law of Wrongs

Eric Descheemaeker

in The Division of Wrongs: A Historical Comparative Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199562794
eISBN:
9780191705533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562794.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law, Law of Obligations

This chapter starts with an explanation of why such a taxonomical exercise matters; and then looks at the two main models available to structure the law of wrongs, namely a right-based model and a ... More


Creating structures with stacking faults

Reinhard B. Neder and Thomas Proffen

in Diffuse Scattering and Defect Structure Simulations: A cook book using the program DISCUS

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199233694
eISBN:
9780191715563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233694.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography

The presence of stacking faults is another common form of disorder. This chapter describes the principle stacking fault types. Other topics include different notations of stacking sequences and the ... More


General Principles of Criminal Law

Keith Smith

in The Oxford History of the Laws of England: Volume XIII: 1820–1914 Fields of Development

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199239757
eISBN:
9780191705151
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239757.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter discusses the general principles of criminal law. It considers common fault concepts together with the substance and structure of general defences. Criminal fault represents the most ... More


Resignations for Departmental Fault

DIANA WOODHOUSE

in Ministers and Parliament: Accountability in Theory and Practice

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278924
eISBN:
9780191684265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278924.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

Resignations on the basis of individual ministerial responsibility are an acceptance of fault. In some cases, resignations are submitted on the basis of errors in judgement that lead to faulty ... More


Good Faith and Fault in Contract Law

Jack Beatson and Daniel Friedman (eds)

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198265788
eISBN:
9780191682964
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198265788.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

This chapter brings together the work of many of the world's leading Contract Law scholars. It focuses upon a common central theme: the question of good faith and fair dealing in the Law of Contract. ... More


Fault and Defamation Liability

Dario Milo

in Defamation and Freedom of Speech

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199204922
eISBN:
9780191709449
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204922.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter explores the issue of fault in defamation law. Part B argues that even before defences such as that of responsible publication developed at common law, the question of whether the ... More


Implementing the Community Environmental Liability Directive: Genetically Modified Organisms and the Problem of Unknown Risk

Christopher Rodgers

in The Regulation of Genetically Modified Organisms: Comparative Approaches

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542482
eISBN:
9780191594342
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542482.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter assesses the role for environmental liability in the context of the GMOs, with emphasis on the provisions of the Community Environmental Liability Directive. It commences with ... More


The Division of Wrongs: A Historical Comparative Study

Eric Descheemaeker

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199562794
eISBN:
9780191705533
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562794.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law, Law of Obligations

The common law, despite procedural divisions, has only ever had one class of civil wrongs. The civilians, by contrast, have typically split their law of wrongs in two, one group being called ... More


Fault Elements

Dr. David Nersessian

in Genocide and Political Groups

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199588909
eISBN:
9780191594557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588909.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration, Public International Law

This chapter addresses the personal fault elements comprising the mens rea of genocide. It discusses the crime's unique specific intent requirements and analyses the discriminatory targeting of ... More


Guilt versus Responsibility: A Reading and Partial Critique of Hannah Arendt

Iris Marion Young

in Responsibility for Justice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195392388
eISBN:
9780199866625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392388.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter explicates the distinction between guilt and responsibility as it appears in Hannah Arendt's essays, “Organized Guilt and Universal Responsibility” and “Collective Responsibility.” It ... More


A Social Connection Model

Iris Marion Young

in Responsibility for Justice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195392388
eISBN:
9780199866625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195392388.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter proposes an alternative conception of responsibility called the social connection model of responsibility. The social connection model finds that all those who contribute by their ... More


Conclusion

Eric Descheemaeker

in The Division of Wrongs: A Historical Comparative Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199562794
eISBN:
9780191705533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562794.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law, Law of Obligations

This concluding chapter brings together the different threads of the book, recapitulating how Roman law upheld a strong division between fault-based and no-fault liability; how this division was ... More


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