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Maḥmūd Shalt=ut and Islamic Modernism

Kate Zebiri

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263302
eISBN:
9780191682469
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263302.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This is the first detailed study of the life and thought of Shaykh Maḥmūd Shaltūt (1893–1963). Shaltūt was an Egyptian scholar and reformer who held the most senior position open to Sunni Muslim ... More


Islam and Assisted Reproduction

Marcia C. Inhorn

in The New Arab Man: Emergent Masculinities, Technologies, and Islam in the Middle East

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148885
eISBN:
9781400842629
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148885.003.0007
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter demonstrates how major divergences have occurred in the fatwas being issued by Sunni and Shia religious authorities regarding the permissibility of third-party reproductive assistance. ... More


Religion in Society: Social Issues Addressed

KATE ZEBIRI

in Maḥmūd Shalt=ut and Islamic Modernism

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263302
eISBN:
9780191682469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263302.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter examines the works of Maḥmūd Shaltūt relevant to the pressing need of contemporary Muslims to address specific social issues that have arisen in modern times or that for some reasons ... More


Fatwās: The Intersection of Islamic Scholarship and Religious Guidance

KATE ZEBIRI

in Maḥmūd Shalt=ut and Islamic Modernism

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263302
eISBN:
9780191682469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263302.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter examines the methodology of Maḥmūd Shaltūt in issuing fatwās. It identifies Shaltūt's sources for his fatwās and his interpretation of those sources. An analysis of the style of ... More


The Formation of Middle Eastern Law

Chibli Mallat

in Introduction to Middle Eastern Law

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199230495
eISBN:
9780191710926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230495.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

This chapter discusses the development of Middle Eastern law from earliest times. It introduces the concepts of shari'a, fiqh, and qanun, which all mean ‘law’, and dwells on Islamic law as the ... More


Excursus: Ibn Taymiyya on the Veneration of the Head of al-Husayn

Daniella Talmon-Heller

in Sacred Place and Sacred Time in the Medieval Islamic Middle East: An Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781474460965
eISBN:
9781474480772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474460965.003.0014
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

Ibn Taymiyya, a well known critic of saint and tomb veneration, devoted several fatwas and polemical treatises to disparage the cult of the head of al-Husayn and the sacredness of his shrines in ... More


Fatwa Machine: Command and Control in Muslim Digital Worlds

Gary R. Bunt

in Hashtag Islam: How Cyber-Islamic Environments Are Transforming Religious Authority

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469643168
eISBN:
9781469643182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469643168.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Religion

This chapter discusses at how specific worldviews of Islam are articulated online, and the ways in which religious authority has become a key driver within cyber Islamic environments. The chapter ... More


From Mecca to Cairo: Changing Influences on Fatwas in Southeast Asia

Yuki Shiozaki

in Shaping Global Islamic Discourses: The Role of al-Azhar, al-Medina and al-Mustafa

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780748696857
eISBN:
9781474412247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748696857.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter demonstrates how exposure to al Azhar led over time to the complete transformation of the methodology adopted by independent ulama and state religious platforms to issue fatwas in ... More


Relations of Interpretation

Brinkley Messick

in The Calligraphic State: Textual Domination and History in a Muslim Society

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520076051
eISBN:
9780520917828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520076051.003.0008
Subject:
Anthropology, Middle Eastern Cultural Anthropology

This chapter is concerned with the division of interpretive labor between two categories of worldly interpreters. The main activity of the mufti is the writing of fatwas. A mufti is a type of Muslim ... More


Free Markets of Fiqh

Khan L. Ali and M. Ramadan Hisham

in Contemporary Ijtihad: Limits and Controversies

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748641284
eISBN:
9780748653256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748641284.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter discusses the free markets of fiqh. Since the founding of Islam in the early seventeenth century, Islamic law has developed through free markets of jurisprudence or the iswaq al-fiqh or ... More


Old Texts, New Practices: Islamic Reform in Modern Morocco

Etty Terem

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804787079
eISBN:
9780804790840
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804787079.001.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This book inquires into the composition, function, and meaning of Islamic tradition, and by extension, into the larger question of the relationship between tradition and historical change. It is ... More


Delineating Muslim-Christian Relations

Etty Terem

in Old Texts, New Practices: Islamic Reform in Modern Morocco

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804787079
eISBN:
9780804790840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804787079.003.0004
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Chapter 4 focuses on the expansion of contact with foreigners as the growing disparity in power between Morocco and Europe became acute during the second half of the nineteenth century. It analyzes ... More


Refashioning Notions of Gender and Family

Etty Terem

in Old Texts, New Practices: Islamic Reform in Modern Morocco

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804787079
eISBN:
9780804790840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804787079.003.0005
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Chapter 5 investigates the sociolegal domain of kinship and domestic life as social disruption caused by the influx of European cash and goods, increased taxation and inflation, displacement of rural ... More


Redefining Patterns of Consumption

Etty Terem

in Old Texts, New Practices: Islamic Reform in Modern Morocco

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780804787079
eISBN:
9780804790840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804787079.003.0006
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Chapter 6 looks at the increased Moroccan trade with Europe and the diffusion of new tastes for European manufactured items. It explores one text assembled by al-Wazzānī that deliberately combines ... More


A culture of disputing: how did Cairenes use the legal system?

James E. Baldwin

in Islamic Law and Empire in Ottoman Cairo

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781474403092
eISBN:
9781474430425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474403092.003.0007
Subject:
History, Middle East History

Chapter 6 examines how Cairene litigants navigated the multiplicity of forums and practices with overlapping jurisdictions that constituted Cairo’s legal system. Moving away from the state-centric ... More


What Is a Fatwa?: Authority, Tradition, and the Care of the Self

Hussein Ali Agrama

in Questioning Secularism: Islam, Sovereignty, and the Rule of Law in Modern Egypt

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226010687
eISBN:
9780226010700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226010700.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, Anthropology, Religion

This chapter describes the style and manner of the muftis in dispensing their fatwas, in connection with the concepts and understood goals of the Fatwa Council. It offers a better understanding of ... More


Secret Mission: Shining a Spotlight on Tahrir Square

Sam Cherribi

in Fridays of Rage: Al Jazeera, the Arab Spring, and Political Islam

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780199337385
eISBN:
9780190652098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199337385.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Sociology of Religion

This chapter traces the crucial events in Al Jazeera’s coverage of the Egyptian revolution. These include the closing of Al Jazeera’s Cairo bureau on January 30, 2011,and the network’s subsequent ... More


The Public Politics of the Private Realm

Nathan Brown

in Arguing Islam after the Revival of Arab Politics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780190619428
eISBN:
9780190619459
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190619428.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Religion weaves together public and private concerns, making relations among family members a matter of public discussion and contestation. After some general reflections on the nature of personal ... More


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