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Lipids: Fatty Acids

Thomas S. Bianchi and Elizabeth A. Canuel

in Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134147
eISBN:
9781400839100
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134147.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter discusses fatty acids, the building blocks of lipids, which represent a significant fraction of the total lipid pool in aquatic organisms. It explores how chain length and levels of ... More


Fish consumption, n-3 fatty acids, and coronary heart disease

D. Kromhout

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Essential fatty acids are polyunsaturated fatty acids from the n-6 family (i.e., linoleic acid and arachidonic acid) present in vegetable oils, and of the n-3 family (i.e., eicosapentaenoic acid and ... More


Linear fatty acid esters

DOUGLAS L. DORSET

in Crystallography of the Polymethylene Chain: An Inquiry into the Structure of Waxes

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198529088
eISBN:
9780191712838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529088.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter reviews the crystal structures of fatty acid esters of linear fatty alcohols, revealing that no complete structure exists for a symmetric chain ester. Chain branching influences on layer ... More


Carbohydrates, fats, and energy

Felicity Savage King and Ann Burgess

in Nutrition for Developing Countries

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192622334
eISBN:
9780191723643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622334.003.0002
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the importance of carbohydrates, fats, and energy. Topics covered include types of carbohydrates (sugars, starches, fibre), fat and fatty acids, cholesterol and heart disease, ... More


Choline-Containing Phospholipids: Diacyl-, Alkylacyl-, and Alkenylacylcholine Phosphoglycerides and Sphingomyelin

Donald J. Hanahan

in A Guide to Phospholipid Chemistry

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195079814
eISBN:
9780197560396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195079814.003.0007
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

In choosing the order for discussion of phospholipids, it is not the intention to single out one particular group as the most important; rather, an initial premise would be that all phospholipids ... More


Mitochondrial Fatty Acid Oxidation Defects

Melanie Gillingham and Sandy van Calcar

in Pediatric and Adult Nutrition in Chronic Diseases, Developmental Disabilities, and Hereditary Metabolic Disorders: Prevention, Assessment, and Treatment

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780199398911
eISBN:
9780199398942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199398911.003.0046
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter discusses mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation defects, including normal fatty acid oxidation, metabolic abnormalities, and sudden infant death. Factors to be considered in diagnosis and ... More


Complex Enzymes

Perry A. Frey and Adrian D. Hegeman

in Enzymatic Reaction Mechanisms

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195122589
eISBN:
9780197565469
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195122589.003.0022
Subject:
Chemistry, Organic Chemistry

Most enzymes discussed in the preceding chapters consist of single proteins that catalyze single biochemical reactions. Many of them contain one type of polypeptide chain, although most exist as ... More


Thinking Molecularly, Anything Goes: From Mummies to Oil Spills, Doubts to New Directions

Susan M. Gaines, Geoffrey Eglinton, and Jürgen Rullkötter

in Echoes of Life: What Fossil Molecules Reveal about Earth History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195176193
eISBN:
9780197562253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195176193.003.0017
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

Though the biomarker saga began with attempts to understand the ancient provenance of petroleum and with the concept of “fossil molecules” and search for early forms of life, the explorations of ... More


The Endocannabinoid System

Linda A. Parker

in Cannabinoids and the Brain

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780262035798
eISBN:
9780262338448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035798.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

The endocannabinoid system was only discovered about 25 years ago, but it is now known to be a major modulator of synaptic activity throughout the brain. CB1 receptors are located on presynaptic ... More


Black Gold: An Alchemist’s Guide to Petroleum

Susan M. Gaines, Geoffrey Eglinton, and Jürgen Rullkötter

in Echoes of Life: What Fossil Molecules Reveal about Earth History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195176193
eISBN:
9780197562253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195176193.003.0010
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

For many of us who studied and came of age in the last two decades of the twentieth century, there was nothing more prosaic, lacking in romance, and less worthy of our scientific curiosity than ... More


Weird Molecules, Inconceivable Microbes, and Unlikely Environmental Proxies: Marine Ecology Revised

Susan M. Gaines, Geoffrey Eglinton, and Jürgen Rullkötter

in Echoes of Life: What Fossil Molecules Reveal about Earth History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195176193
eISBN:
9780197562253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195176193.003.0014
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

Anaerobic methanotrophs are not the only ecologically important archaea to surprise microbiologists in the last decade. And their isoprenoid ethers are not the only useful lipids—and certainly not ... More


Behind the Hype: Unproven, Experimental, Herbal, and Innovative Remedies

Daniel J. Wallace and Janice Brock Wallace

in All About Fibromyalgia: A Guide for Patients and their Families

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195147537
eISBN:
9780197561843
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195147537.003.0034
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Rheumatology

Advocates of practical though controversial lifestyle approaches have always found a sympathetic ear in the United States since the time folk practitioner Sylvester Graham’s principles of health, ... More


Cellular Computation and Communication Using Engineered Genetic Regulatory Networks

Ron Weiss and Thomas F. ,Jr., Knight

in Cellular Computing

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195155396
eISBN:
9780197561942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195155396.003.0012
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

In this chapter we demonstrate the feasibility of digital computation in cells by building several operational in vivo digital logic circuits, each composed of three gates that have been optimized ... More


More Molecules, More Mud, and the Isotopic Dimension: Ancient Environments Revealed

Susan M. Gaines, Geoffrey Eglinton, and Jürgen Rullkötter

in Echoes of Life: What Fossil Molecules Reveal about Earth History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195176193
eISBN:
9780197562253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195176193.003.0012
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

Throughout the 1980s, while the molecule collectors were busy exploring the ocean sediments, tracking their finds into the past, and learning to read the messages hidden in the carbon skeletons, ... More


Narrative

Roald Hoffmann

in Roald Hoffmann on the Philosophy, Art, and Science of Chemistry

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199755905
eISBN:
9780197563069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199755905.003.0012
Subject:
Chemistry, History of Chemistry

What does a political campaign have to do with tetrahedrane, a beautiful yet unstable hydrocarbon with four CH groups at the corners of a tetrahedron? Just look and listen (you’ll have a hard time ... More


Proteins and Information Processing

Ray Paton and Michael Fisher

in Cellular Computing

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195155396
eISBN:
9780197561942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195155396.003.0006
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

This chapter reviews and briefly discusses a set of computational methods that can assist biologists when seeking to model interactions between components in spatially heterogeneous and changing ... More


Early Life Revisited

Susan M. Gaines, Geoffrey Eglinton, and Jürgen Rullkötter

in Echoes of Life: What Fossil Molecules Reveal about Earth History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195176193
eISBN:
9780197562253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195176193.003.0016
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Geochemistry

That the evolution of organisms depends in large part on the evolution of their environment is something paleontologists have been noting since the early nineteenth century, and indeed, it is so ... More


The Say of Things

Roald Hoffmann and Pierre Laszlo

in Roald Hoffmann on the Philosophy, Art, and Science of Chemistry

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199755905
eISBN:
9780197563069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199755905.003.0020
Subject:
Chemistry, History of Chemistry

In search of a chemical conversation, we are on a farm in Uniow, a little Ukrainian village in Austro-Hungarian Galicia, just before the onset of World War I. In the farm yard we see a big, ... More


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