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Equations Underlying the Synapse Model

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The Synapse model illustrates synaptic interactions among neurons. This chapter provides the equations for electrical coupling, for inhibitory and excitatory synaptic interactions, and for synaptic ... More


Equations Underlying the Circuit Model

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The Circuit model simulates synaptic interactions among large numbers of neurons and includes many currents and derived values. This chapter gives the equations for the membrane potentials in ... More


Managing Corporate Growth

Jordi Canals

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198296676
eISBN:
9780191685262
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198296676.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking, Strategy

As economic growth in Western countries shows signs of fatigue, companies are battling hard to discover how to generate and sustain corporate growth. The restructuring and reengineering processes of ... More


Decrease of Political Disillusionment and Apathy?

Margit Tavits

in Presidents with Prime Ministers: Do Direct Elections Matter?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199553327
eISBN:
9780191721007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553327.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Chapter 6 addresses a third prevalent issue regarding presidential elections—the extent to which direct elections strengthen democratic practices. Empirical analyses using global and European samples ... More


Short-term plasticity: fatigue and potentiation

Daniel Kernell

in The Motoneurone and its Muscle Fibres

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526551
eISBN:
9780191723896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526551.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

The functional properties of neurones, synapses, and muscles often change as a result of preceding use. In the short term (minutes to hours), such changes are typically rather rapidly reversible and ... More


Models of Selective Effects

Norma van Surdam Graham

in Visual Pattern Analyzers

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195051544
eISBN:
9780199872183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195051544.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter describes near-threshold selective adaptation experiments, one of several experimental paradigms commonly used as evidence for or against the existence of multiple analyzers sensitive to ... More


Circuit Model

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The Circuit model simulates synaptic interactions among large numbers of neurons and includes many currents and derived values, such as cycle period, that are important for describing neuronal ... More


The management of fatigue in breast cancer

Catherine Sweeney

in Palliative Care Consultations in Advanced Breast Cancer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198530756
eISBN:
9780191730481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530756.003.0007
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

This chapter discusses managing fatigue in breast cancer. Fatigue is one of the most common and troublesome problems in patients who have advanced breast cancer, and can be caused by many factors. ... More


Neuronal Oscillators

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

It is known since the pioneering work of Adrian in the 1931s that the completely isolated nervous system can generate impulse patterns that are correctly structured for commanding meaningful ... More


Muscle unit properties and specializations

Daniel Kernell

in The Motoneurone and its Muscle Fibres

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526551
eISBN:
9780191723896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526551.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter deals with the functional properties of the main targets of spinal alpha motoneurones: the fibres they innervate and command in skeletal muscles. Normally each skeletal muscle fibre is ... More


Long-term plasticity

Daniel Kernell

in The Motoneurone and its Muscle Fibres

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526551
eISBN:
9780191723896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526551.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter deals with long-term (weeks, months) changes in the properties of motoneurones and muscle fibres after disuse or after various patterns of enhanced activity. In voluntary motor activity ... More


Physical Neuroergonomics

Waldemar Karwowski, Bohdana Sherehiy, Wlodzimierz Siemionow, and Krystyna Gielo-Perczak

in Neuroergonomics: The brain at work

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195177619
eISBN:
9780199864683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177619.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter introduces physical neuroergonomics as the emerging field of study focusing on the knowledge of human brain activities in relation to the control and design of physical tasks. It ... More


THE RIGHT STUFF: Trauma and Coping

CHERYL REGEHR and TED BOBER

in In the Line of Fire: Trauma in the Emergency Services

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195165029
eISBN:
9780199864089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165029.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

The training and personality style of emergency responders prepares them to deal with high drama situations. However, this exposure has an impact on their emotional and psychological well-being. This ... More


Setting Benchmarks for Psychiatric Concepts

Jennifer Radden (ed.)

in The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195149531
eISBN:
9780199870943
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195149531.003.0030
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter analyzes the so-called “benchmark problem”, which is the problem of determining a diagnostic benchmark beyond which the ordinary (or normal) becomes extraordinary (or abnormal). Through ... More


Public Interraciality: Navigating Racially Homogeneous Social Spaces

Amy C. Steinbugler

in Beyond Loving: Intimate Racework in Lesbian, Gay, and Straight Interracial Relationships

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199743551
eISBN:
9780199979370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199743551.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter begins to examine the practice of racework by considering a type of racework used by interracial couples in many public places—navigating racial homogeneity. It distinguishes between the ... More


Doctors at War: Life and Death in a Field Hospital

Mark de Rond

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781501705489
eISBN:
9781501707940
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501705489.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, Medical Anthropology

This book is a candid account of a trauma surgical team based, for a tour of duty, at a field hospital in Helmand, Afghanistan. It tells of the highs and lows of surgical life in hard-hitting detail, ... More


Evaluating the Relationship of Fatigue to Depression and Anxiety in Cancer Patients

Russell K. Portenoy and Eduardo Bruera

in Issues in Palliative Care Research

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780195130652
eISBN:
9780199999842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130652.003.0009
Subject:
Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine Research, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making

Clinicians and researchers have been challenged to understand how fatigue may be related to depression and anxiety in patients with cancer. The need to understand this relationship stems from two ... More


Exhaustion: A History

Anna Katharina Schaffner

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780231172301
eISBN:
9780231538855
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172301.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Today our fatigue feels chronic; our anxieties, amplified. Proliferating technologies command our attention. Many people complain of burnout, and economic instability and the threat of ecological ... More


The epidemiology of sleep and depression

S. Weich

in Sleep, Health and Society: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199566594
eISBN:
9780191595066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566594.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Sleep disturbances, and insomnia in particular, are extremely common in depression and vice versa. These conditions co-occur more often than each occurs on its own. Insomnia, hypersomnia, and fatigue ... More


Sleep and shift-work

J. Axelsson, G. Kecklund, and M. Sallinen

in Sleep, Health and Society: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199566594
eISBN:
9780191595066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566594.003.0015
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The rapid development of the modern society has resulted in a growing population of workers that have to work around the clock. However, working at other times (which is what a shift-worker does) ... More


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