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Life Cycle Ecophysiology of Osmia Mason Bees Used as Crop Pollinators

Jordi Bosch, Fabio Sgolastra, and William P. Kemp

in Bee Pollination in Agricultural Ecosystems

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195316957
eISBN:
9780199871575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195316957.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Several solitary bee species in the genus Osmia have been studied as potential pollinators of fruit trees and other early-blooming crops. Methods to manage large populations in agro-ecosystems have ... More


Euphoria, Depression, & Madness

Gary L. Wenk

in Your Brain on Food: How Chemicals Control Your Thoughts and Feelings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195388541
eISBN:
9780199863587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388541.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The neurotransmitter norepinephrine influences your level of arousal while dopamine controls the experience of reward and pleasure. Amphetamine induces the release of norepinephrine and dopamine from ... More


The Geometry of Human Nutrition

Stephen J. Simpson and David Raubenheimer

in The Nature of Nutrition: A Unifying Framework from Animal Adaptation to Human Obesity

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145655
eISBN:
9781400842803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145655.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter explores the methods of nutritional geometry on the modern human diet, applying the geometric approach to an analysis of a key aspect of human nutrition: the topical subject of human ... More


Parametric Uncertainty and Fat Tails

Christian Gollier

in Pricing the Planet's Future: The Economics of Discounting in an Uncertain World

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148762
eISBN:
9781400845408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148762.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter shows how the probability distribution for economic growth is subject to some parametric uncertainty. There is a limited data set for the dynamics of economic growth, and the absence of ... More


Behavior, diet and obesity in developed countries

Alok Bhargava

in Food, Economics, and Health

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199269143
eISBN:
9780191710117
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269143.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter is concerned with issues of individual behaviour, diet, and obesity, especially in developed countries such as the US. Section 7.1 begins with nutritional issues and discusses the ... More


Causes of flavour interaction

Richard J. Stevenson

in The Psychology of Flavour

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199539352
eISBN:
9780191724008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539352.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the distal and proximal basis of the interactions between and within the flavour senses that were identified in Chapter 2 as having a psychological basis. For unimodal ... More


Conclusion

Abigail C Saguy

in What's Wrong with Fat?: The War on Obesity and its Collateral Damage

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199857081
eISBN:
9780199315925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199857081.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This concluding chapter teases out theoretical and material implications of this study. This book contributes not only to our understanding of how fatness has been framed but more broadly to how ... More


Psychosocial issues in obese children and adults

Andrew J. Hill

in Obesity Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199571512
eISBN:
9780191595097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571512.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Body weight affects people's perception of themselves and of others. Although attitudes to obesity are shaped by age, gender, and cultural background, the prevailing climate in the developed world is ... More


Can fiscal approaches help to reduce obesity risk?

Eric A. Finkelstein and Thomas J. Hoerger

in Obesity Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199571512
eISBN:
9780191595097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571512.003.0021
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

One approach for reversing the obesity epidemic is to use economic strategies to change the costs and benefits of behaviours related to obesity in an effort to change positively the energy-balance ... More


Fashioning Fat: Inside Plus-Size Modeling

Amanda M. Czerniawski

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780814770399
eISBN:
9780814760079
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814770399.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

Fashioning Fat takes us through a model’s day-to-day activities, first at open calls at modeling agencies and then through fashion shows and photo shoots. This bookshows that the mission of many of ... More


Diet and Coronary Heart Disease

Walter Willett and Meir Stampfer

in Nutritional Epidemiology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199754038
eISBN:
9780199979448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754038.003.0019
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

According to the classic “diet-heart” hypothesis, high intake of saturated fats and cholesterol and low intake of polyunsaturated fats increase the level of serum cholesterol, which leads to the ... More


Conclusion

Georges Vigarello

in The Metamorphoses of Fat: A History of Obesity

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231159760
eISBN:
9780231535304
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231159760.003.0020
Subject:
History, Social History

This concluding chapter presents some final thoughts. It describes the changing stigmatization of the fat person over time, highlighting an important difference that traverses all these ... More


Individuals

James H. Hunt

in The Evolution of Social Wasps

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195307979
eISBN:
9780199894192
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307979.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter argues that many, perhaps most, of the mysteries of hymenopteran sociality might be resolved if investigators would “follow the protein.” It discusses midgut proteases, free amino acids, ... More


Before There Was an Italy There Was a Europe

Massimo Montanari

in Italian Identity in the Kitchen, or Food and the Nation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231160841
eISBN:
9780231535083
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231160841.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

This chapter provides a history of the emergence of an “Italian” culinary culture. The conflict/encounter between Romans who favored bread, wine and oil, and “barbarians” who consumed meat and milk, ... More


Intimate relations: Evolutionary conflicts of pregnancy and childhood

David Haig

in Evolution in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780199207466
eISBN:
9780191728167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207466.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter surveys the impact of evolutionary conflicts on maternal and fetal health in pregnancy and childhood. Some adaptations that have evolved to benefit mothers may be costly to offspring and ... More


The Frankish Interlude 880–891

Alfred P. Smyth

in King Alfred the Great

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198229896
eISBN:
9780191678936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229896.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

This chapter examines in detail the recording of the Chronicle compiled within Wessex, which has had a formative influence on the narrative of Alfred's reign throughout the decade from 881 to 891. It ... More


What's Wrong with Fat?: The War on Obesity and its Collateral Damage

Abigail Saguy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199857081
eISBN:
9780199315925
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199857081.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Culture

The United States, we are told, is facing an obesity epidemic—a “battle of the bulge” of not just national, but global proportions—that requires drastic and immediate action. Experts in the media, ... More


Confusion at the Table: Can We Trust That Our Food Is Healthy?

Walter C. Willett

in The Trust Crisis in Healthcare: Causes, Consequences, and Cures

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195176360
eISBN:
9780199865598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176360.003.12
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Eating is essentially an act of trust because we trust that the food that we eat, most of which we are not responsible for farming or processing, is safe. However, instances of food contamination and ... More


Prevention of coronary heart disease: findings from the Nurses’ Health Study and Health Professionals’ Follow-up Study

F. B. Hu and W. C. Willett

in Coronary Heart Disease Epidemiology: From aetiology to public health

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198525738
eISBN:
9780191724114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525738.003.0039
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the contributions of the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) and Health Professionals' Follow-up Study (HPFS) to the nutritional epidemiology of coronary heart disease (CHD). Compelling ... More


Dietary Fat and Breast Cancer

Walter Willett

in Nutritional Epidemiology

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195122978
eISBN:
9780199864249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195122978.003.16
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter reviews studies on the link between dietary fat and breast cancer. These include ecologic studies, migrant studies, special populations, secular trends, case-control studies, and ... More


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