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The Fascist Party and Popular Opinion in Mussolini's Italy

Paul Corner

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198730699
eISBN:
9780191741753
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198730699.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The enigma of how ordinary people related to would-be totalitarian regimes is still far from being resolved. The tension between repression and consensus renders analysis difficult; where one ends ... More


Conclusion

Azar Gat

in Fascist and Liberal Visions of War: Fuller, Liddell Hart, Douhet, and Other Modernists

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207153
eISBN:
9780191677519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207153.003.0007
Subject:
History, Military History, History of Ideas

Fascism is primarily associated with the Mussolini's regime in Italy and Hitler's government in Germany. While these two countries exhibited an explosive effect, this study was only marginally ... More


Introduction: ‘The Janus Face’ of Fascism

Azar Gat

in Fascist and Liberal Visions of War: Fuller, Liddell Hart, Douhet, and Other Modernists

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207153
eISBN:
9780191677519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207153.003.0001
Subject:
History, Military History, History of Ideas

The mechanization of warfare emerged along with the developments of the age and along with the emergence of modernist notions and visions spurred by the celebration of machine and the proto-fascist ... More


Futurism, Proto–Fascist Italian Culture, and the Sources of Douhetism

Azar Gat

in Fascist and Liberal Visions of War: Fuller, Liddell Hart, Douhet, and Other Modernists

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207153
eISBN:
9780191677519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207153.003.0003
Subject:
History, Military History, History of Ideas

This chapter examines another strand of fascist modernism which was derived chiefly from artistic sources, which aestheticized and celebrated the machine and the attributes of modern society as a ... More


Stabilization in the Provinces: the Party Adapts

Paul Corner

in The Fascist Party and Popular Opinion in Mussolini's Italy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198730699
eISBN:
9780191741753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198730699.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Chapter 3 examines the manner in which Mussolini came to terms with the intransigent provincial leaders following the Matteotti crisi and analyses the stabilisation of the dictatorship under party ... More


Party and State

Paul Corner

in The Fascist Party and Popular Opinion in Mussolini's Italy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198730699
eISBN:
9780191741753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198730699.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The chapter analyses the structure of power in the provinces, following the establishment of the regime in 1925. It charts the reorganisation of local administration under the podestà (the fascist ... More


The Provincial Party: Activity and Reputation

Paul Corner

in The Fascist Party and Popular Opinion in Mussolini's Italy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198730699
eISBN:
9780191741753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198730699.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The chapter looks closely at the levels of activity of the local fascist organisations and the degree to which the fascist movement managed to penetrate local society through the use of local ... More


Growing Disjunctions: PNF Rule and Popular Reaction

Paul Corner

in The Fascist Party and Popular Opinion in Mussolini's Italy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198730699
eISBN:
9780191741753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198730699.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

After a brief survey of the sources available for the assessment of popular opinion under the regime, the chapter examines the growing divide which developed during the 1930s between the regime and a ... More


Perceptions of the Party

Paul Corner

in The Fascist Party and Popular Opinion in Mussolini's Italy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198730699
eISBN:
9780191741753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198730699.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The chapter examines the popular reactions to the many kinds of abuse of power within the provincial fascist organisations during the 1930s and seeks to illustrate the diverse expressions of ... More


The Religion of Liberty

Maurizio Viroli

in As If God Existed: Religion and Liberty in the History of Italy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142357
eISBN:
9781400845514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142357.003.0021
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter considers the political writings of Benedetto Croce. As early as 1925, Croce outlined the characteristics of a religion of liberty opposing the fascist religion. In his “Manifesto degli ... More


Sacrifice: My Life in a Fascist Militia

Alessandro Orsini

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781501709838
eISBN:
9781501709630
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501709838.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This book's author is one of Italy's premier analysts of political extremism. His investigation of the beliefs and mindsets of Europe's political fringe has largely focused on anarchist and far-left ... More


Idols, Idolatry, and Unnecessary Suffering

Richard K. Fenn

in Beyond Idols: The Shape of a Secular Society

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195143690
eISBN:
9780199834174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143698.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Secularization weakens the fascist potential of any social system and undermines the claims of world religions to represent universal forms of obligation. In such a context, a religionless ... More


Toward a Theory of a Society Without Idols: From Civil Religion to Public Religiosity

Richard K. Fenn

in Beyond Idols: The Shape of a Secular Society

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195143690
eISBN:
9780199834174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143698.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

As societies secularize, civil religions lose their unique basis in the nation‐state, decompose into public religiosity, and become open to revision and negotiation. Agreement on procedures replaces ... More


Conclusion

Gail Kligman and Katherine Verdery

in Peasants under Siege: The Collectivization of Romanian Agriculture, 1949-1962

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149721
eISBN:
9781400840434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149721.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This concluding chapter summarizes the main points of this analysis and seeks to extend it by addressing broader comparative questions about the socialist variant of modern state-making. The Soviet ... More


Two Clashing Religions

Maurizio Viroli

in As If God Existed: Religion and Liberty in the History of Italy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142357
eISBN:
9781400845514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142357.003.0018
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter recounts the history of the religion of liberty from the beginning of the fascist regime to the birth of the republic, and the stories of some of the men and women who believed in that ... More


J. F C. Fuller: Positivism, Evolution, Fascism, and Future Warfare

Azar Gat

in Fascist and Liberal Visions of War: Fuller, Liddell Hart, Douhet, and Other Modernists

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207153
eISBN:
9780191677519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207153.003.0002
Subject:
History, Military History, History of Ideas

John Frederick Charles Fuller was known for his intellectual intensity, wide-ranging interests and literary scope. In 1930s he was involved in Oswald Mosley's British Union of Fascists. This ... More


Comparisons and Contrasts (I): American Populism, Progressivism, and Mid-West Technological Modernism

Azar Gat

in Fascist and Liberal Visions of War: Fuller, Liddell Hart, Douhet, and Other Modernists

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207153
eISBN:
9780191677519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207153.003.0005
Subject:
History, Military History, History of Ideas

This chapter examines the connection of fascist modernism and the visions of machine warfare by examining two other pronounced modernist ideologies: American Progressivism and Marxism. This chapter ... More


Comparisons and Contrasts (Ii): Marxism, Modernism, and the Doctrine of ‘Deep Battle’

Azar Gat

in Fascist and Liberal Visions of War: Fuller, Liddell Hart, Douhet, and Other Modernists

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207153
eISBN:
9780191677519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207153.003.0006
Subject:
History, Military History, History of Ideas

While fascism was undecided and ‘Janus-faced’ or two-faced in its stand on modernity, Marxism meanwhile was the excellent modernist ideology directed towards the future and regards itself as the ... More


The 1930s: Capitalism on Trial

David Ellwood

in The Shock of America: Europe and the Challenge of the Century

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198228790
eISBN:
9780191741739
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198228790.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History, American History: 20th Century

The Wall St crisis of 1929 intensified but did not alter an emerging intellectual critique of the new forms of consumerist society emerging in America. Some of these views flirted with ... More


The Onset of the Great Depression

Charles H. Feinstein, Peter Temin, and Gianni Toniolo

in The World Economy between the World Wars

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195307559
eISBN:
9780199867929
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307559.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

The descent into the depression left bankers, politicians, industrialists, and farmers seemingly helpless in the face of the successive currency and banking crises, growing stocks of unsold food, ... More


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