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Arable land

Malcolm Ausden

in Habitat Management for Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198568728
eISBN:
9780191717529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568728.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Arable (also known as rowcrop fields) is land that is cultivated regularly for production of food and, increasingly, bioenergy. The value of arable land to wildlife is heavily influenced by the ... More


The Great Historical Arch of Andean Biodiversity

Karl S. Zimmerer

in Changing Fortunes: Biodiversity and Peasant Livelihood in the Peruvian Andes

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520203037
eISBN:
9780520917033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520203037.003.0002
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

This chapter addresses the evolution of diverse crops amid the historical transitions in farming systems and peasant livelihoods of the Andes. Beginning seven thousand years ago, early Andean ... More


Climate Change and the Future of Himalayan Farming

Tor H. Aase (ed.)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780199475476
eISBN:
9780199097739
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199475476.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Science, Technology and Environment

The book asks to what extent Himalayan farmers and their institutions are prepared to face a future when external production conditions change. Because farming is particularly sensitive to climate, ... More


Organic Farmers on the Ridge: The Hyolmo of Sermathang, Nepal

Tor H. Aase and Prem Sagar Chapagain

in Climate Change and the Future of Himalayan Farming

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780199475476
eISBN:
9780199097739
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199475476.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Science, Technology and Environment

Sermathang is a dynamic village that has banned all application of chemical inputs in farming. All organic materials are utilized as manure, including human ‘night soil’. Since Buddhists shall not ... More


Agriculture and Migrants

Philip Martin

in Importing Poverty?: Immigration and the Changing Face of Rural America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300139174
eISBN:
9780300156003
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300139174.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter is concerned with U.S. farming systems and farm labor history. It discusses how agriculture in California expanded with the arrival of Mexican migrant and seasonal workers or braceros.


Introduction: Adapting to Uncertainty

Tor H. Aase, Nand Kishor Agrawal, and Sarah Nischalke

in Climate Change and the Future of Himalayan Farming

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780199475476
eISBN:
9780199097739
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199475476.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Science, Technology and Environment

The chapter introduces the topic of the book and three main research questions addressed in the book. The objective is threefold: analysing how various socio-eclogical factors of production interact ... More


From Grain to Grape: Bamei Village in Yunnan, China

Wenling Wang

in Climate Change and the Future of Himalayan Farming

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780199475476
eISBN:
9780199097739
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199475476.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Science, Technology and Environment

In contrast to the other case studies in this book, Bamei agriculture is characterized by strong State intervention. The State regulates market prices, quotas, and land use, thus leaving less room of ... More


Fostering on the Farm: Child Placement in the Rural Midwest

Megan Birk

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039249
eISBN:
9780252097294
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039249.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

From 1870 until after World War I, reformers led an effort to place children from orphanages, asylums, and children's homes with farming families. The farmers received free labor in return for ... More


Locating Crop Diversity in the Contemporary World

Stephen B. Brush

in Farmers' Bounty: Locating Crop Diversity in the Contemporary World

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300100495
eISBN:
9780300130140
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300100495.003.0011
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

This chapter focuses on the future of crop diversity in a world with eleven billion people, reading case histories of crop diversity in developed societies as optimistic signs for the future of ... More


The Obesity Pandemic and Food Insecurity in Developing Countries: A Case Study from the Caribbean

Kristen Lowitt, Katherine Gray-Donald, Gordon M. Hickey, Arlette Saint Ville, Isabella Francis-Granderson, Chandra A. Madramootoo, and Leroy E. Phillip

in Food and Public Health: A Practical Introduction

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780190626686
eISBN:
9780190626716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190626686.003.0010
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Overweight and obesity affect over half a billion people globally and represent major public health concerns because excess weight gain is a key risk factor for non-communicable diseases. This ... More


Ottoman Tax Farming and the Greek Orthodox Church

Tom Papademetriou

in Render unto the Sultan: Power, Authority, and the Greek Orthodox Church in the Early Ottoman Centuries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198717898
eISBN:
9780191787362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198717898.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

This chapter compares and contrasts the ecclesiastical tax farm with the principles of Ottoman tax farming, in general. It considers why the needs of the Ottoman state made tax farming desirable, and ... More


Should Antitrust Apply to Sports? 1957 and 1958

David George Surdam

in The Big Leagues Go to Washington: Congress and Sports Antitrust, 1951-1989

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252039140
eISBN:
9780252097126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252039140.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Sport and Leisure

This chapter focuses on the Congressional hearings conducted in 1957 and 1958 to address whether basketball, football, and hockey should be given a broad antitrust exemption similar to that of ... More


Northeast India as an Indigenous Centre for the Domestication of Plants and Animals

Manjil Hazarika

in Prehistory and Archaeology of Northeast India: Multidisciplinary Investigation in an Archaeological Terra Incognita

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780199474660
eISBN:
9780199089093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199474660.003.0006
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology, Social History

Northeast India is situated at the nexus of the South Asian, Southeast Asian, and East Asian biogeographical realms and harbours diverse biota, providing a unique opportunity to archaeologists and ... More


Introduction

Nicola P. Randall and Barbara Smith

in The Biology of Agroecosystems

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198737520
eISBN:
9780191800948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198737520.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter describes what agroecosystems are, and considers the importance of studying the biology of agroecosystems. A brief introduction to the extent and general characteristics of ... More


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