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Family Factors

David P. Farrington and Brandon C. Welsh

in Saving Children from a Life of Crime: Early Risk Factors and Effective Interventions

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195304091
eISBN:
9780199944071
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304091.003.0015
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter evaluates the importance of family factors as predictors of offending. The findings reveal that strongest predictor is usually criminal or antisocial parents while other quite strong and ... More


Co‐residence and Family Size

C. Y. Cyrus Chu and Ruoh‐Rong Yu

in Understanding Chinese Families: A Comparative Study of Taiwan and Southeast China

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199578092
eISBN:
9780191722424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578092.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

The traditionally ideal Chinese family is a “large” one, in which many family members live together. This chapter investigates how this ideal pattern has changed in recent years. From the ... More


Understanding These Changes

Rebecca M. Blank

in Changing Inequality

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520266926
eISBN:
9780520938960
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266926.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This chapter examines the reasons behind the changes in the distribution of total income and discusses what they might mean for overall well-being among American adults. It explores the effects of ... More


Family Life

Robert Liberles

in Jewish Daily Life in Germany, 1618-1945

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195171648
eISBN:
9780199871346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171648.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter shows that the dynamics of Jewish family life in early modern Germany did not differ markedly from those of their neighbors. Except for the wealthy, women generally married between their ... More


The ‘Long Family’ and its Decline 1

Leonore Davidoff

in Thicker than Water: Siblings and their Relations, 1780-1920

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199546480
eISBN:
9780191730993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546480.003.0005
Subject:
History, Social History, Family History

A high birth rate among most people meant offspring were spread over a wide age range creating an ‘intermediate generation’ between parents and younger children. Life in middle-class households could ... More


Family Planning and Abortion: Cultural Norms Versus Actual Practices in Nigeria

FUNMI TOGONU-BICKERSTETH

in Sacred Rights: The Case for Contraception and Abortion in World Religions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195160017
eISBN:
9780199849611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160017.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter discusses the attitudes of specific ethnic groups in Nigeria and Africa toward fertility, family size, and abortion. It examines some of the sayings, proverbs, and societal practices to ... More


Poverty: Identification and Aggregation

Amartya Sen

in Poverty and Famines: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284635
eISBN:
9780191596902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284632.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

It was argued in the previous chapter that the measurement of poverty can be split into two distinct operations—identification and aggregation. Within this general perspective, this chapter takes up ... More


Nutrition and the environment

Felicity Savage King and Ann Burgess

in Nutrition for Developing Countries

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192622334
eISBN:
9780191723643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622334.003.0024
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the link between nutrition and the environment. Topics covered include how the environment is being damaged, nutrition and trees, how to help preserve trees and forests, how ... More


Human System: Population, Development, and Environment

Ramprasad Sengupta

in Ecological Limits and Economic Development

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780198081654
eISBN:
9780199082407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198081654.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The chapter discusses the relationship between population growth and the natural environment as mediated through economic development. It discusses both the classical and the neoclassical theories of ... More


The Effect of China’s One Child Policy on Sex Selection, Family Size, and the School Enrolment of Daughters

Nancy Qian

in Towards Gender Equity in Development

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198829591
eISBN:
9780191868115
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198829591.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

A large economics literature provides evidence that parents trade-off the quantity of children with the quality of children, which implies that child ‘quality’ declines as family size increases. ... More


Demographic fertility research: a question of disciplinary beliefs and methods

Lareen Newman

in Religion, spirituality and the social sciences: Challenging marginalisation

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420411
eISBN:
9781447303190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420411.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Sociology of Religion

Fertility rates are of political, social, and academic interest because of their implications on future social and economic trends. In Australia, women are having, on average, fewer than two ... More


Predictors of ideal and expected family size

Margret Fine-Davis

in Changing Gender Roles and Attitudes to Family Formation in Ireland

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780719096969
eISBN:
9781526115362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719096969.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

Ireland’s fertility rate has decreased by 50% from an average of four children per woman to just two over the last 40 years. While it currently has one of the highest fertility rates in Europe, this ... More


Measuring Poverty: Issues and Approaches

Daniel H. Weinberg

in Race, Poverty, and Domestic Policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300095418
eISBN:
9780300129847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300095418.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter focuses on problems of measuring poverty and provides a brief historical overview of proposed remedies. It addresses key decisions to be made in developing an absolute measure of ... More


Families as Social Units

Dietland Müller-Schwarze

in The Beaver: Its Life and Impact

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450105
eISBN:
9780801460869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450105.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Behavior / Behavioral Ecology

This chapter provides an overview of the family as the basic social unit of beaver society. A beaver family consists of the parents, the young of the year, and yearlings. Two-year-olds may or may not ... More


Rooms of Their Own: How Housing Affects Family Size

Jane R. Zavisca

in Housing the New Russia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450372
eISBN:
9780801464300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450372.003.0007
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter examines whether Russians calibrate their family sizes to their housing conditions. Restricting family size is one strategy for keeping one's living conditions tolerable, when a separate ... More


Influence of Parental Factors During Childhood and Adolescence of the Children *

Arland Thornton, William G. Axinn, and Yu Xie

in Marriage and Cohabitation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226798660
eISBN:
9780226798684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226798684.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Population and Demography

This chapter is motivated by the observation that parental families are not static entities, but dynamic and evolving organizations. Although children may experience many continuities in family life ... More


A Self-Sustaining Population: The Family Life of Slaves

David M. Stark

in Slave Families and the Hato Economy in Puerto Rico

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780813060439
eISBN:
9780813050669
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813060439.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Latin American Studies

Slave families were relatively stable and marital unions were often of long duration. Higher fertility levels exhibited by married and unmarried mothers suggest that fecundity was greater in areas ... More


The First Scottish Fertility Decline

Michael Anderson and Corinne Roughley

in Scotland's Populations from the 1850s to Today

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198805830
eISBN:
9780191843747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805830.003.0014
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The marked variations in the distribution of family sizes over time are further explored, as also are the major variations between women married to fathers in different occupations. The significance ... More


Attitudes to having children and childlessness

Margret Fine-Davis

in Changing Gender Roles and Attitudes to Family Formation in Ireland

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780719096969
eISBN:
9781526115362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719096969.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

While the current Irish birth rate is still high by European standards, at approximately two children per woman, the total fertility rate has nevertheless fallen 50% over the last four decades from ... More


House Price Volatility and the Housing Ladder

James Banks, Richard Blundell, Zoë Oldfield, James P. Smith, James Banks, Richard Blundell, Zoë Oldfield, and James P. Smith

in Insights in the Economics of Aging

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226426679
eISBN:
9780226426709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226426709.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This paper investigates the effects of spatial housing price risk on housing choices over the first half of the life-cycle. Housing price risk can be substantial but, unlike other risky assets which ... More


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