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The Uses of Sense: Wittgenstein's Philosophy of Language

Charles Travis

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245871
eISBN:
9780191598630
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245878.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The Uses of Sense presents a reading of Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations, concentrating on themes concerning representation, truth, and objectivity. It offers a particular ... More


Who Is Included?: Intersectionality, Metaphors, and the Multiplicity of Gender

Ann Garry

in Out from the Shadows: Analytical Feminist Contributions to Traditional Philosophy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199855469
eISBN:
9780199932788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199855469.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Feminist Philosophy

Both traditional philosophy and feminist philosophy stand to gain in richness, inclusivity, and applicability to real life by reflecting intersectional analyses in their theories. I encourage such ... More


Introduction: Family Resemblances

J. Patrick Hornbeck II

in What is a Lollard?: Dissent and Belief in Late Medieval England

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199589043
eISBN:
9780191594564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589043.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The etymology of the term lollard remains a source of dispute among scholars: was it coined in the heat of the academic controversies in the University of Oxford in which John Wyclif and his ... More


Through the Wilderness

Charles Travis

in The Uses of Sense: Wittgenstein's Philosophy of Language

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245871
eISBN:
9780191598630
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245878.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Offers an interpretation of Wittgenstein's notion of family resemblance. It argues that family resemblance is not a type of concept, but rather a phenomenon for concepts in general, and tightly tied ... More


What is a Lollard?: Dissent and Belief in Late Medieval England

J. Patrick Hornbeck II

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199589043
eISBN:
9780191594564
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589043.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

What is a lollard? Generations of historians and propagandists, bishops and inquisitors, theologians and polemicists have asked this question about the dissenters who began to trouble the English ... More


The Problem for a Polycriterial Theory of Probability

L. Jonathan Cohen

in The Probable and The Provable

Published in print:
1977
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198244127
eISBN:
9780191680748
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244127.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter describes the problem for a polycriterial theory of probability. Recent philosophical theories about probability have tended to be polycriterial rather than monocriterial. The ... More


Serialization as Construction of Meaning: The Photographic Practice of Hans F. K. Günther in Context

Amos Morris-Reich

in Race and Photography: Racial Photography as Scientific Evidence, 1876-1980

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226320748
eISBN:
9780226320915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226320915.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter Three analyzes the photographic practice of Hans F.K. Günther, the most popular theoretician of race in Weimar and Nazi Germany, who provided Weimar and Nazi Germany with a racial visual ... More


Mignon's Afterlives: Crossing Cultures from Goethe to the Twenty-First Century

Terence Cave

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199604807
eISBN:
9780191731624
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604807.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, European Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This book traces the fortunes of the character Mignon, from Goethe’s 1796 novel Wilhelm Meisters Lehrjahre, through the European cultures of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The Mignon corpus ... More


The Nature of Human Concepts: Evidence from an Unusual Source

Alan Prince

in Language, Cognition, and Human Nature

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199328741
eISBN:
9780199369355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199328741.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

What kind of categories do human concepts represent? Classical categories are defined by necessary and sufficient criteria that determine whether an object is in a category or not in it. A popular ... More


Religious Diversity: Familiar Problems, Novel Opportunities

Philip L. Quinn

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195138092
eISBN:
9780199835348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138090.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter surveys recent work on philosophical issues raised by religious diversity or pluralism. It focuses on four topics. The first is the epistemological challenge of religious diversity. ... More


A Critique of the Bionormative Concept of the Family

Charlotte Witt

in Family-Making: Contemporary Ethical Challenges

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199656066
eISBN:
9780191757099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656066.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The bionormative family concept is prejudicial against families with children who are not genetically related to their parents. The aim of this chapter is to critique two philosophical arguments that ... More


The Mignon Corpus: Preliminary Considerations

Terence Cave

in Mignon's Afterlives: Crossing Cultures from Goethe to the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199604807
eISBN:
9780191731624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604807.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, European Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

A preliminary analysis of Mignon’s signature song ‘Kennst du das Land’ establishes a narrative and thematic point of departure for the study. A series of different methodological perspectives and ... More


Adoptee Vulnerability and Post-Adoptive Parental Obligation

Mianna Lotz

in Family-Making: Contemporary Ethical Challenges

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199656066
eISBN:
9780191757099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656066.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter focuses on special positive duties that adoptive parents have post-adoption. That these duties extend beyond general parental obligations is suggested by evidence that adoptees are ... More


Varieties, Taxonomies, and Definitions

Allan Anderson, Michael Bergunder, André Droogers, and Cornelis van der Laan

in Studying Global Pentecostalism: Theories and Methods

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520266612
eISBN:
9780520947504
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520266612.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter attempts to define Pentecostalism/s, in view of the fact that definitions are often static and prone to generating confusion. The study of Pentecostalism is a developing field, and this ... More


Friendship as a Family of Practices

P.E. Digeser

in Friendship Reconsidered: What It Means and How It Matters to Politics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780231174343
eISBN:
9780231542111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231174343.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

Sets out what it means for friendship to be understood as a set of social practices that bear a family resemblance to one another. The core of the argument responds to objections to friendship as a ... More


Approaching the Kaleidoscope of Friendship

in Philosophy and Friendship

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748617272
eISBN:
9780748652358
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748617272.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines some facets of the kaleidoscope that is friendship. It traces the etymological history of the term, and analyses its various uses and misuses from the poetry and philosophy of ... More


A Plurality of Pluralisms

Crispin Wright

in Truth and Pluralism: Current Debates

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780195387469
eISBN:
9780199332427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387469.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

This chapter distinguishes four modes of alethic pluralism—simple alethic, family—resemblance, network analysis, and conferral pluralism—discuss them vis-à-vis several fundamental concepts—CONCEPT, ... More


Liberal Nationalism and the Challenge of Essentialism

Margaret Moore

in Liberal Nationalism and Its Critics: Normative and Empirical Questions

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198842545
eISBN:
9780191878510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842545.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

One of the criticisms that is sometimes made of liberal nationalism is that it is essentialist. The assumption seems to be that essentialism is a problem for any theory that relies on or appeals to ... More


Imagining Karma: Ethical Transformation in Amerindian, Buddhist, and Greek Rebirth

Gananath Obeyesekere

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520232204
eISBN:
9780520936300
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520232204.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This book embarks on a comparison of rebirth concepts across a wide range of cultures. Exploring in rich detail the beliefs of small-scale societies of West Africa, Melanesia, traditional Siberia, ... More


The Main Thesis

Paul Hoyningen-Huene

in Systematicity: The Nature of Science

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199985050
eISBN:
9780199346226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199985050.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The chapter starts by stating and then developing the main thesis of the book: Scientific knowledge differs from other kinds of knowledge, in particular from everyday knowledge, primarily by being ... More


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