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Reproductive Rights: Redefining the Meaning of Critical Mass

Debra L. Dodson

in The Impact of Women in Congress

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780198296744
eISBN:
9780191603709
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296746.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

When the 1994 elections gave control of Congress to a conservative, Christian Coalition-dominated, Republican majority, what some had over-optimistically touted as a critical mass of women became a ... More


Family Planning During the Economic Reform Era

Weiguo Zhang and Xingshan Cao

in Transition and Challenge: China's Population at the Beginning of the 21st Century

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199299294
eISBN:
9780191715082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299294.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter reviews the development and implementation of China's family planning policy and its impacts. It shows that China's family planning programme has gone through several stages since the ... More


Transition and Challenge: China's Population at the Beginning of the 21st Century

Zhongwei Zhao and Fei Guo (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199299294
eISBN:
9780191715082
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299294.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This book examines the major demographic changes that have taken in China in recent decades and the major demographic challenges at the beginning of the 21st century. The extensive evidence presented ... More


‘It never does to plan anything’ 1

Kate Fisher

in Birth Control, Sex, and Marriage in Britain 1918-1960

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199267361
eISBN:
9780191708299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267361.003.0003
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter challenges the assumption — which informs family planning programmes and policy initiatives across the globe — that ‘rational’ future planning is an essential prerequisite for systematic ... More


Maternal, neonatal, and child health

John Walley and Nancy Gerein

in Public Health: An action guide to improving health

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199238934
eISBN:
9780191716621
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238934.003.011
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the following topics: the burden of disease, historical development of maternal, neonatal and child health (MNCH) services; the MNCH package of interventions, the integrated ... More


Induced Abortion and its Demographic Consequences

Wei Chen

in Transition and Challenge: China's Population at the Beginning of the 21st Century

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199299294
eISBN:
9780191715082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299294.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter investigates changes in induced abortion and their relationship with the implementation of the family planning policies, the decline in fertility, and the rise of sex ratios at birth. It ... More


The Politics of Numbers: Fertility Statistics in Recent Decades

Thomas Scharping

in Transition and Challenge: China's Population at the Beginning of the 21st Century

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199299294
eISBN:
9780191715082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299294.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter critically examines China's recent demographic data, especially the impact of the family planning programme on the quality of fertility data. It identifies various kinds of registration ... More


Birth Control, Sex, and Marriage in Britain 1918-1960

Kate Fisher

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199267361
eISBN:
9780191708299
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199267361.001.0001
Subject:
History, Social History

The early 20th century witnessed a revolution in contraceptive behaviour as the large Victorian family disappeared. This book offers a new perspective on the gender relations, sexual attitudes, and ... More


Rationalizing Sex: Family Planning and an Ethic of Well-Being

Heather Paxson

in Making Modern Mothers: Ethics and Family Planning in Urban Greece

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520223714
eISBN:
9780520937130
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223714.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

This chapter relates the history of abortion and family planning as told by Greek professionals who work in medicine, psychology, and demography. Family planning was introduced to Greece as a means ... More


Family Planning, Contraception, and Abortion in Islam: Undertaking Khilafah

SA'DIYYA SHAIKH

in Sacred Rights: The Case for Contraception and Abortion in World Religions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195160017
eISBN:
9780199849611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160017.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter considers the Islamic approach to the questions of family planning, contraception, and abortion. In order to explore an Islamic perspective on these issues, it is necessary to have a ... More


Excess, Lack, and Harmony: Some Confucian and Taoist Approaches to Family Planning and Population Management—Tradition and the Modern Challenge

GELING SHANG

in Sacred Rights: The Case for Contraception and Abortion in World Religions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195160017
eISBN:
9780199849611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160017.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter explores the significant role that Chinese religious traditions have played in the context of family planning and related issues. It argues that the idea of family planning or population ... More


The Right to Family Planning, Contraception, and Abortion in Thai Buddhism

PARICHART SUWANBUBBHA

in Sacred Rights: The Case for Contraception and Abortion in World Religions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195160017
eISBN:
9780199849611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160017.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter presents Buddhist teachings and visions to help people make conscientious decisions regarding family planning, contraception, and abortion in Thailand. It elaborates the position that ... More


Maḥmūd Shalt=ut and Islamic Modernism

Kate Zebiri

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198263302
eISBN:
9780191682469
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198263302.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This is the first detailed study of the life and thought of Shaykh Maḥmūd Shaltūt (1893–1963). Shaltūt was an Egyptian scholar and reformer who held the most senior position open to Sunni Muslim ... More


‘Confused with prejudice and muddled thinking’: preventing pregnancy

Leanne McCormick

in Regulating Sexuality: Women in Twentieth-century Northern Ireland

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719076640
eISBN:
9781781702666
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719076640.003.0007
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter focuses on the establishment of family-planning clinics in Belfast, Northern Ireland and the growth of a family-planning service in the 1950s and 1960s, explaining that while the rest of ... More


“Each One an Entire World”: A Jewish Perspective on Family Planning

LAURIE ZOLOTH

in Sacred Rights: The Case for Contraception and Abortion in World Religions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195160017
eISBN:
9780199849611
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160017.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter begins the discussion with Jewish ethical and religious perspectives on reproductive health, ethics, and family planning policy. It argues that to fully reflect on Jewish perspectives on ... More


‘Truly it Felt Like Year One’: The English Sexual Revolution

Hera Cook

in The Long Sexual Revolution: English Women, Sex, and Contraception 1800-1975

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199252183
eISBN:
9780191719240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252183.003.0014
Subject:
History, Social History

The availability of the Pill precipitated a transformation in sexual mores. It involved three innovations: reliability, widespread publicity, and large-scale modern distribution. Rising rates of ... More


Population Control or ‘Sex on the Rates’? Political Change 1955–1975

Hera Cook

in The Long Sexual Revolution: English Women, Sex, and Contraception 1800-1975

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199252183
eISBN:
9780191719240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252183.003.0015
Subject:
History, Social History

The public debate and legislative changes generated by women's demand for an acceptable female controlled method of contraception resulted in a huge increase in availability of all methods of birth ... More


Family Planning: A Century of Change

Jacqueline E. Darroch

in Silent Victories: The History and Practice of Public Health in Twentieth Century America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150698
eISBN:
9780199865185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150698.003.12
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

As the 20th century dawned, American women typically became biologically capable of conceiving children at age fifteen, were married at age twenty-two, and had an average of 3.6 children during their ... More


Family Fertility

C. Y. Cyrus Chu and Ruoh‐Rong Yu

in Understanding Chinese Families: A Comparative Study of Taiwan and Southeast China

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199578092
eISBN:
9780191722424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578092.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

This chapter studies various aspects of family fertility in Taiwan and China, including the age of marriage, the duration from marriage to the first birth, mandatory vs. voluntary family planning, ... More


Making Modern Mothers: Ethics and Family Planning in Urban Greece

Heather Paxson

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520223714
eISBN:
9780520937130
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520223714.001.0001
Subject:
Anthropology, European Cultural Anthropology

In Greece, women speak of mothering as “within the nature” of a woman. But this durable association of motherhood with femininity exists in tension with the highest incidence of abortion and one of ... More


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