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Income, Age, and Happiness in America

Glenn Firebaugh and Laura Tach

in Social Trends in American Life: Findings from the General Social Survey since 1972

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691133317
eISBN:
9781400845569
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691133317.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Social Research and Statistics

Between 1972 and 2006, general happiness levels among American adults remained quite steady, though a minor drop can be detected. This chapter tries to account for this stability, given the growth in ... More


Economic and Gender Inequalities

Jody Heymann

in Forgotten Families: Ending the Growing Crisis Confronting Children and Working Parents in the Global Economy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195156591
eISBN:
9780199943333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156591.003.0044
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter examines the implications of global transformations on family income, the ability of children and parents to exit poverty, and the degree of equality between girls and boys, men and ... More


That’s the way the money goes: expenditure patterns as real incomes rise for the poorest families with children

Paul Gregg, Jane Waldfogel, and Elizabeth Washbrook

in A more equal society?: New Labour, poverty, inequality and exclusion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861345783
eISBN:
9781447301394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861345783.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter examines the changes in the expenditure patterns and access to specific goods and services from 1997 to 2001, as incomes rose in response to benefit changes and employment shocks. The ... More


The Effects of Minimum Wages on the Distribution of Incomes

David Neumark and William L. Wascher

in Minimum Wages

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780262141024
eISBN:
9780262280563
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262141024.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter examines the effects of the minimum wage on the distribution of family incomes. It first considers the relationship between low-wage workers and low-income families, and then discusses ... More


Earnings of Black and White Youth and Their Relation to Poverty

Philip M. Gleason and Glen G. Cain

in Race, Poverty, and Domestic Policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300095418
eISBN:
9780300129847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300095418.003.0023
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the relationship between employment of black and white youth and their family income and poverty status. It utilizes the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) to ... More


Economic and Gender Inequalities

Jody Heymann

in Forgotten Families: Ending the Growing Crisis Confronting Children and Working Parents in the Global Economy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195335248
eISBN:
9780199851362
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335248.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter explores the implications of the transformations on family income, the ability of children and parents to exit poverty, and the degree of equality between girls and boys, men and women. ... More


Child Care Subsidy Programs

David M. Blau

in Means-Tested Transfer Programs in the United States

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226533568
eISBN:
9780226533575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226533575.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Child care and early education subsidies for low-income families make up a relatively small but growing share of the portfolio of government means-tested transfer programs in the United States. The ... More


The impact of poverty on children’s school attendance – evidence from West Germany

Felix Büchel, Joachim R. Frick, Peter Krause, and Gert G. Wagner

in Child well-being, child poverty and child policy in modern nations (Revised 2nd Edition): What do we know?

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861342539
eISBN:
9781447301738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861342539.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter is focused on measuring the income situation of children and provides a more differentiated picture than the one taken from traditional research designs. It presents an analysis that ... More


Fighting Poverty: Lessons from Recent U.S. History

Rebecca M. Blank

in Race, Poverty, and Domestic Policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300095418
eISBN:
9780300129847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300095418.003.0030
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter addresses important behavioral changes in low-income families in the 1990s and investigates the role of both the macroeconomy and policy in producing these outcomes. The chapter ... More


A Path to Work

Nicole P. Marwell

in Bargaining for Brooklyn: Community Organizations in the Entrepreneurial City

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226509068
eISBN:
9780226509082
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226509082.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

In a world where meeting the twin responsibilities of making money and discharging domestic duties has become considerably more complex than in the past, community-based organizations (CBOs) form a ... More


Gender, care, poverty and transitions

Gill Scott and Sue Innes

in Families in society: Boundaries and relationships

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861346438
eISBN:
9781447302292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861346438.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter presents data from a study on women who are seeking to move into training, education and employment after a period of parenting or unemployment. The women in this study kept care diaries ... More


Low-Income Parents of Preschool Children: Financial Knowledge, Attitudes, Behaviors, and Ownership

Deborah D. Adams and Sondra G. Beverly

in Financial Capability and Asset Development: Research, Education, Policy, and Practice

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199755950
eISBN:
9780199332526
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755950.003.0031
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

This chapter presents a financial profile of low-income parents who have pre-school children. The families who participated in the study were facing a number of significant economic barriers at the ... More


Housing Programs for Low-Income Households

Edgar O. Olsen

in Means-Tested Transfer Programs in the United States

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226533568
eISBN:
9780226533575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226533575.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter reviews the complex mix of housing programs for low-income families in the United States. The objectives of the study are to (a) consider the arguments that have been offered for housing ... More


Child Support: Interactions between Private and Public Transfers

Robert I. Lerman and Elaine Sorensen

in Means-Tested Transfer Programs in the United States

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226533568
eISBN:
9780226533575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226533575.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter, which examines child support policies, especially the activities of the Child Support Enforcement (CSE) Program, and how they interact with transfer policies and affect the low-income ... More


From the Era of Easy Finance to Permanent Austerity

Joshua T. McCabe

in The Fiscalization of Social Policy: How Taxpayers Trumped Children in the Fight Against Child Poverty

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190841300
eISBN:
9780190841331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190841300.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Population and Demography

Chapter 3 covers the transition from the “era of easy finance” to the “era of permanent austerity,” when macroeconomic changes reinforced logics. The onset of stagflation across the developed world ... More


How We Fail Our Children Part II—Young Children from Poor and Low-Income Families

Maxine Eichner

in The Free-Market Family: How the Market Crushed the American Dream (and How It Can Be Restored)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780190055479
eISBN:
9780190055509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190055479.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Free-market family policy puts most American families in a difficult position when it comes to the trade-off between earning income to support a family and making sure young children get the ... More


Risk Sharing When Work and Family Clash: The Need for Government and Employer Innovation

Ann O’Leary

in Shared Responsibility, Shared Risk: Government, Markets and Social Policy in the Twenty-First Century

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199781911
eISBN:
9780190252519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199781911.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter explains how employers and the government can help workers who fulfill caregiving responsibilities, thus improving the economic security of families. It first reviews the history and ... More


Intergenerational inequality in Early Years assessments

Jo Blanden and Stephen Machin

in Children of the 21st century (Volume 2): The first five years

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847424761
eISBN:
9781447301790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847424761.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter uses data from the MCS to provide some new empirical evidence on the extent to which one measure of parental background, family income, is correlated with two child outcomes, cognitive ... More


Material Assistance from Families During the Transition to Adulthood

Robert F. Schoeni and Karen E. Ross

in On the Frontier of Adulthood: Theory, Research, and Public Policy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748894
eISBN:
9780226748924
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748924.003.0012
Subject:
Sociology, Education

As their children enter young adulthood, parents may use their own financial advantages to support their children as they pursue higher education, to help their children establish independent ... More


Case study A: In-work benefits for low wage earners

Penny Leonard

in Promoting welfare?: Government information policy and social citizenship

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861344885
eISBN:
9781447303091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861344885.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter presents a case study that analyses government policies to provide information on social security benefits that are designed to supplement low wages. This is either for those who are ... More


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