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Families and Schools Raising Children: The Inequitable Effects of Family Background on Schooling Outcomes

W. Norton Grubb

in Raising Children: Emerging Needs, Modern Risks, and Social Responses

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195310122
eISBN:
9780199865284
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195310122.003.0011
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Children and Families

This chapter shows that even well-functioning schools find it immensely difficult to overcome the powerful effects of parents on their children and on educational outcomes. While recognizing that ... More


Has God a Father, a Son, or a Brother?

Peter Schäfer

in The Jewish Jesus: How Judaism and Christianity Shaped Each Other

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691153902
eISBN:
9781400842285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691153902.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter returns to the realm of Palestinian Judaism and analyzes midrashim referring to God's family background. These midrashim again reflect the power structure of the Roman Empire with the ... More


Unequal at the Starting Line: The Intergenerational Persistence of Political Inequality

Kay Lehman Schlozman, Sidney Verba, and Henry E. Brady

in The Unheavenly Chorus: Unequal Political Voice and the Broken Promise of American Democracy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154848
eISBN:
9781400841912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154848.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter takes into account information about parents' education and political involvement and about the home political environment, which adds another dimension to the persistence of ... More


Before 1699: Roots: ‘there is no Nobler descent’

Isobel Grundy

in Lady Mary Wortley Montagu: Comet of the Enlightenment

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198187653
eISBN:
9780191674730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198187653.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

This chapter discusses Lady Mary Wortley Montagu's family background. Mary Pierrepont, the future Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, sprang from two families lavishly endowed with rank, wealth, and power, as ... More


Dentist, Driver, or Dropout?: Family Background and Secondary Education Choices in Denmark

Anders Holm and Mads Meier Jæer

in Determined to Succeed?: Performance versus Choice in Educational Attainment

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804783026
eISBN:
9780804784481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804783026.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Social Stratification, Inequality, and Mobility

This chapter, which assesses IEO in Denmark, building on the basic analyses to consider tripartite outcomes (academic tracks, vocational tracks, and exit), compares parental class and parental ... More


“Something had to be there already”

Carol Giardina

in Freedom for Women: Forging the Women's Liberation Movement, 1953-1970

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034560
eISBN:
9780813039329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034560.003.0004
Subject:
History, Social History

The feminism of women activists working with women's liberation movements has been framed by powerful forces. All these feminist activists shared common life experiences. This chapter aims to give ... More


The Growing Importance of Cognitive Skills in Wage Determination

Richard J. Murnane, John B. Willett, and Frank Levy

in Race, Poverty, and Domestic Policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300095418
eISBN:
9780300129847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300095418.003.0021
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter discusses the importance of cognitive skills in wage determination. It examines two large surveys of twenty-four-year-old high school graduates to show that cognitive skills were a ... More


Family Background and University Success—What are the Issues?

Claire Crawford, Lorraine Dearden, John Micklewright, and Anna Vignoles

in Family Background and University Success: Differences in Higher Education Access and Outcomes in England

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199689132
eISBN:
9780191768194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689132.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter sets the scene for the book. It describes the size of the family background gaps in entry to any university in England and to high status universities, before showing how these gaps have ... More


The worklessness legacy: Do working mothers make a difference?

Gabriella Berloffa, Eleonora Matteazzi, and Paola Villa

in Youth Labor in Transition: Inequalities, Mobility, and Policies in Europe

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780190864798
eISBN:
9780190864828
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190864798.003.0010
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy, Communities and Organizations

This chapter examines how intergenerational transmission of worklessness varies according to the gender of parents and their children in 26 European countries. The analysis draws on EU-SILC 2011 ... More


Family Background and University Success: Differences in Higher Education Access and Outcomes in England

Claire Crawford, Lorraine Dearden, John Micklewright, and Anna Vignoles

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199689132
eISBN:
9780191768194
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689132.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This book analyses why far fewer teenagers from disadvantaged backgrounds go to university than do young people from better-off families, and how success after entering higher education also varies ... More


Who Becomes a Terrorist? Characteristics of Individual Participants in Terrorism

Alan B. Krueger

in What Makes a Terrorist: Economics and the Roots of Terrorism - 10th Anniversary Edition

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691196077
eISBN:
9781400888979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691196077.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter asks why individuals participate in terrorism. It looks at their characteristics and considers whether or not we can infer something about their motivation, the causes behind their ... More


Why College Is Worth It

Herzog Patricia

in The Science of College: Navigating the First Year and Beyond

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190934507
eISBN:
9780197503478
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190934507.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Chapter 3 addresses the ways that social class, economic resources, and family backgrounds affect students’ experiences of college. Students learn about the value of college: that college is ... More


Introduction

John M. Porter

in One of Morgan’s Men: Memoirs of Lieutenant John M. Porter of the Ninth Kentucky Cavalry

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813129891
eISBN:
9780813135700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813129891.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

Although the exact date was not recorded, John Marion Porter was born in 1839 at Sugar Grove in eastern Butler County in Kentucky—which is found along Little Muddy Creek and serves as the Barren ... More


Do Socio-Economic Differences Persist Beyond University?

Claire Crawford, Lorraine Dearden, John Micklewright, and Anna Vignoles

in Family Background and University Success: Differences in Higher Education Access and Outcomes in England

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199689132
eISBN:
9780191768194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689132.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Chapter 8 looks at the relationship between family background and success after leaving university, measured in terms of labour market outcomes such as earnings. It shows that there are significant ... More


Is Getting Pupils from Poorer Backgrounds through the Doors Enough?

Claire Crawford, Lorraine Dearden, John Micklewright, and Anna Vignoles

in Family Background and University Success: Differences in Higher Education Access and Outcomes in England

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199689132
eISBN:
9780191768194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689132.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The benefits of higher education typically relate to actually having a degree. Chapter 7 looks at the relationship between family background and success at university once young people arrive there. ... More


Enter Hal

Nick Dawson

in Being Hal Ashby: Life of a Hollywood Rebel

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125381
eISBN:
9780813135267
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125381.003.0002
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter provides information on Hal Ashby's personal and family background. Ashby was born on September 2, 1929 in Ogden, Utah. He was the fourth child of James Ashby and Eileen Hetzler. Ashby ... More


Have Recent Funding Reforms Widened the Family Background Gaps?

Claire Crawford, Lorraine Dearden, John Micklewright, and Anna Vignoles

in Family Background and University Success: Differences in Higher Education Access and Outcomes in England

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199689132
eISBN:
9780191768194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689132.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter explains how family background gaps in England in application and entry to university, and in the status of university entered, changed over the 10–15 years spanning the two big funding ... More


The Making of a Reformer, 1825–56

Edwin Hirschmann

in Robert Knight: Reforming Editor in Victorian India

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195696226
eISBN:
9780199080557
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195696226.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter details Robert Knight's London background and start in Bombay. Robert was born in Lambeth, a modest South Bank neighbourhood of London, on 13 March 1825, the son of William and Anna ... More


What is the Role of Prior Attainment?

Claire Crawford, Lorraine Dearden, John Micklewright, and Anna Vignoles

in Family Background and University Success: Differences in Higher Education Access and Outcomes in England

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199689132
eISBN:
9780191768194
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689132.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Chapter 5 addresses the predominant driver of the large socio-economic differences in entry to higher education in England, whether to any university or to high status universities: attainment during ... More


Understanding digital inequality: the interplay between parental socialisation and children's development

Ingrid Paus-Hasebrink, Cristina Ponte, Andrea Dürager, and Joke Bauwens

in Children, risk and safety on the internet: Research and policy challenges in comparative perspective

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9781847428837
eISBN:
9781447307723
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847428837.003.0020
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Drawing on sociological and psychological theoretical perspectives, this chapter elaborates on two research questions. How does parents' formal education influence children's internet use? And how ... More


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