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‘The rate for the job’ – debates on postwar service allowances

Barbara Hately-Broad

in War and Welfare: British POW Families, 1939–45

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719078545
eISBN:
9781781702352
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719078545.003.0008
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter reviews the changes to service allowances in the immediate postwar period and considers whether the experience of administering these allowances during the Second World War resulted in ... More


Family Allowances and Poverty Among Lone Mother Families in the United States

Cecilia A. Conrad

in Race, Poverty, and Domestic Policy

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300095418
eISBN:
9780300129847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300095418.003.0027
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the relationship between income support policies and poverty among lone mother families in the United States relative to Canada and Western Europe. It simulates the effect on ... More


Eleanor Rathbone, 1872–1946

Bob Holman

in Champions for children: The lives of modern child care pioneers

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861343536
eISBN:
9781447301653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861343536.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Eleanor Rathbone never had children and never married. She came from a wealthy family and never lived alongside poor ones. Yet Rathbone devoted much of her life to improving the material conditions ... More


The Great Divergence

Joshua T. McCabe

in The Fiscalization of Social Policy: How Taxpayers Trumped Children in the Fight Against Child Poverty

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190841300
eISBN:
9780190841331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190841300.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Population and Demography

Chapter 2 looks at the “great divergence,” when logics of appropriateness were institutionalized in public policies. It shows just how similar all three countries were in the interwar period. Prior ... More


Welfare rights for women: maternity care, social welfare benefits and family allowances

Caitríona Beaumont

in Housewives and citizens: Domesticity and the women's movement in England, 1928-64

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780719086076
eISBN:
9781781705971
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719086076.003.0005
Subject:
History, Social History

Continuing with the debate on how voluntary women's organisations used the rhetoric of citizenship to campaign on behalf of women this chapter focuses on health and social welfare reform. Three ... More


How did we get to where we are now?1

Malcolm Torry

in Why we need a Citizen's Basic Income

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781447343158
eISBN:
9781447343202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447343158.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter discusses the past and current state of the debate on the Citizen's Basic Income. It begins with the Poor Law of 1601 to the era of means-tested benefits. In particular, it cites William ... More


How Did We Get to Where We Are Now?27

Malcolm Torry

in Money for everyone: Why we need a citizen's income

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781447311249
eISBN:
9781447311287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447311249.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter tells the history of the UK's benefits system from the Elizabethan Poor Law, through the Beveridge Report of 1942, to ‘Universal Credit’. Means-testing is a common thread throughout, and ... More


Family Policy

Pierre Pestieau and Mathieu Lefebvre

in The Welfare State in Europe: Economic and Social Perspectives

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198817055
eISBN:
9780191858673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817055.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter first emphasizes the effect of family allowances on poverty in European countries. It stresses the fact that if family allowances appear to have a remarkably redistributive effect, they ... More


Why Do Some Reform Proposals Succeed, and Some Fail?

Malcolm Torry

in Money for everyone: Why we need a citizen's income

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781447311249
eISBN:
9781447311287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447311249.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

Family Allowance and Child Benefit were implemented, but other proposals have not been. Failed attempts at reform include genuine tax credits proposals during the early 1970s, Juliet Rhys Williams’ ... More


Vital Wages

Dana Simmons

in Vital Minimum: Need, Science, and Politics in Modern France

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226251561
eISBN:
9780226251738
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226251738.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Wage debates in twentieth-century Europe were dominated by a new regulating principle: the minimum vital, ‘living wage’ or Existenzminimum. This chapter analyzes the political-scientific content of ... More


Afterword

Malcolm Torry

in Why we need a Citizen's Basic Income

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781447343158
eISBN:
9781447343202
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447343158.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This afterword concludes that the book has discussed the significant advantages that a Citizen's Basic Income would provide to society and to the economy. During the 1920s, family allowances in the ... More


The social division of welfare: Some reflections on the search for equity

Tania Burchardt

in Welfare and wellbeing: Richard Titmuss's contribution to social policy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861342997
eISBN:
9781447304203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861342997.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter explores the extract from Titmuss's lecture given in honour of Eleanor Rathbone, the champion of family allowances, at the University of Birmingham in 1955. It notes that this is one of ... More


Demystifying the Rising Poverty Rate

Yue Chim Richard Wong

in Fixing Inequality in Hong Kong

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9789888390625
eISBN:
9789888390373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888390625.003.0038
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

The widespread perception of a spectacular rise in poverty rates in the past decade or so is not substantiated. The evidence shows that the economically active household poverty rate has risen ... More


Debating Feminism in the Socialist Press: Women and the New Leader

June Hannam

in Women's Periodicals and Print Culture in Britain, 1918-1939: The Interwar Period

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781474412537
eISBN:
9781474445054
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474412537.003.0029
Subject:
Literature, Women's Literature

This chapter examines the complex and ambiguous relationship of the Labour Party to gender and feminism in the interwar years through a study of the Labour Leader/ New Leader, the official organ of ... More


The Fiscalization of Social Policy: How Taxpayers Trumped Children in the Fight Against Child Poverty

Joshua T. McCabe

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780190841300
eISBN:
9780190841331
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190841300.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change, Population and Demography

This book challenges the conventional wisdom on American exceptionalism, offering the first and only comparative analysis of the politics of child and in-work tax credits. This comparative approach, ... More


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