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Kinship, Familiarity, and Trust: An Experimental Investigatio n

Abigail Barr

in Foundations of Human Sociality: Economic Experiments and Ethnographic Evidence from Fifteen Small-Scale Societies

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199262052
eISBN:
9780191601637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199262055.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

The Trust Game and the Ultimatum Game were used to look at the effects of kinship ties, familiarity, and trust on social interaction among the Shona of Zimbabwe. The study described made a ... More


Issues in the Semantics and Pragmatics of Definite Descriptions in English

Barbara Abbott

in Reference: Interdisciplinary Perspectives

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331639
eISBN:
9780199867981
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331639.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter defends an analysis of definite descriptions according to which they express a presupposition of existence and a conventional implicature of uniqueness. It replies to analyses offered by ... More


Evading predators

Anne E. Magurran

in Evolutionary Ecology: The Trinidadian Guppy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198527855
eISBN:
9780191713576
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527855.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Trinidadian guppies provided one of the first experimental demonstrations that predators have a significant impact on behaviour and morphology. This chapter begins with a brief general introduction ... More


Discrimination after stimulus exposure

Geoffrey Hall

in Perceptual and Associative Learning

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198521822
eISBN:
9780191706677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198521822.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter continues the discussion of animal discrimination learning, concentrating on the effects produced by giving the animals prior exposure to the stimuli to be discriminated. The experiments ... More


Atlantic Families: Lives and Letters in the Later Eighteenth Century

Sarah M. S. Pearsall

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199532995
eISBN:
9780191714443
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532995.001.0001
Subject:
History, Social History

The Atlantic represented a world of opportunity in the 18th century, but it represented division also, separating families across its coasts. Whether due to economic shifts, changing political ... More


Perceptual Knowledge

Richard Foley

in When Is True Belief Knowledge?

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154725
eISBN:
9781400842308
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154725.003.0022
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses perceptual knowledge and uses the film Rain Man (1988) as an example. The film portrays a character who can visually ascertain the number of objects in large sets without ... More


The hippocampus and memory

Edmund T. Rolls

in Memory, Attention, and Decision-Making: A Unifying Computational Neuroscience Approach

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199232703
eISBN:
9780191724046
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232703.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience

This chapter covers a number of topics including systems-level functions of the hippocampus, head direction cells and perirhinal cortex, recognition memory, and long-term familiarity memory. A theory ... More


The Theory and Measurement of Passive‐Use Value

Richard T. Carson, Nicholas E. Flores, and Robert C. Mitchell

in Valuing Environmental Preferences: Theory and Practice of the Contingent Valuation Method in the US, EU , and developing Countries

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248919
eISBN:
9780191595950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248915.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

An attempt is made to disentangle passive‐use value and contingent valuation and present them in a useful perspective as regards environmental goods. The first part of the chapter provides a ... More


Remembering: Thoughts on Its Definition, Measurement, and Functional Nature

Andrew P. Yonelinas

in Origins and Development of Recollection: Perspectives from Psychology and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195340792
eISBN:
9780199932078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340792.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter offers a comprehensive overview of theoretical and methodological approaches grounded in dual-process models of memory. It begins by discussing how recollection has been defined and ... More


Development of Recollection: A Fuzzy-Trace Theory Perspective

Charles J. Brainerd, Valerie F. Reyna, and Robyn E. Holliday

in Origins and Development of Recollection: Perspectives from Psychology and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195340792
eISBN:
9780199932078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340792.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter discusses fuzzy-trace theory's (FTT) approach to the development of recollection, the procedures and mathematical models that it uses to measure recollection, and the developmental ... More


Neural Basis of Recollection: Evidence from Neuroimaging and Electrophysiological Research

Rachel A. Diana and Charan Ranganath

in Origins and Development of Recollection: Perspectives from Psychology and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195340792
eISBN:
9780199932078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340792.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter presents overview of state-of-the-art knowledge about the contribution of medial temporal lobes (MTL), prefrontal, and parietal regions to episodic recollection. It discusses the wealth ... More


The Development of Episodic Memory: An Event-Related Brain Potential Vantage Point

David Friedman

in Origins and Development of Recollection: Perspectives from Psychology and Neuroscience

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195340792
eISBN:
9780199932078
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340792.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter reviews research on how the event-related potentials correlates with the development of recollection. By comparing the correlates of recollection to those of familiarity, and by probing ... More


What ‘the’?

John Hawthorne and David Manley

in The Reference Book

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199693672
eISBN:
9780191739002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693672.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Philosophy of Mind

Chapter 5 is about definite descriptions. It begins with the observation that definites require specific restriction as a matter of convention, and explores the consequences of this fact for some ... More


Conclusion

Johanna Malt

in Obscure Objects of Desire Surrealism, Fetishism, and Politics

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199253425
eISBN:
9780191698132
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199253425.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

The paradoxical surface, the glass/gloss of fetishistic seduction and denial, is at the heart of surrealism's power. In Salvador Dalí's painting, its pretence of transparency echoes the disavowal of ... More


Feminist Methods: The Parents’ Support Group

Ellen Seiter

in Television and New Media Audiences

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198711421
eISBN:
9780191694905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198711421.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter explains the reasons behind choosing a parents support group: to provide necessary advice to first-time parents while preventing instances of child abuse as a focus group. Three group ... More


Cognitive Feelings of Knowing, Familiarity, and Tip of the Tongue

James D. Laird

in Feelings: The Perception of Self

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195098891
eISBN:
9780199893614
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195098891.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses a loosely related group of research programs that have developed quite independently of self-perception theory, but which share its basic insight. This research has looked at ... More


The Evolution of Altruism through Kin Selection

Dennis L. Krebs

in The Origins of Morality: An Evolutionary Account

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199778232
eISBN:
9780199897261
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199778232.003.0020
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter discusses the evolution of altruism through kin-selection. There is a great deal of evidence that humans and other animals are disposed to behave in accordance with Hamilton’s rule, ... More


A Frugal View of Cognitive Phenomenology

William S. Robinson

in Cognitive Phenomenology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199579938
eISBN:
9780191731112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579938.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Liberal views of cognitive phenomenology propose occurrent, non‐imagistic, non‐emotional, conscious understandings to account for sudden realizations, disambiguation of images or sentences, and other ... More


Credulity and the development of selective trust in early childhood

Paul L. Harris, Kathleen H. Corriveau, Elisabeth S. Pasquini, Melissa Koenig, Maria Fusaro, and Fabrice Clément

in Foundations of Metacognition

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199646739
eISBN:
9780191745867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646739.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

When faced with two informants making conflicting claims, preschool children display two heuristics: (1) they preferentially seek and endorse information from the informant with whom they have a ... More


Explanation

Peter R. Anstey

in John Locke and Natural Philosophy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199589777
eISBN:
9780191725487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589777.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that, on the whole, Locke adheres to the principles of explanation and constraints on explanation that were typical of proponents of the mechanical philosophy and the corpuscular ... More


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