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The Glass Bead Game: Testing Game‐Theoretic Models of Politics

Hugh Ward

in Research Strategies in the Social Sciences: A Guide to New Approaches

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292371
eISBN:
9780191600159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292376.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Reference

A summary explanation of rational choice theory, and its development in game theory, as a challenge to conventional social science theories. The example, demonstrating its application to the campaign ... More


Responsible Conduct of Research

Adil E Shamoo and David B Resnik

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195368246
eISBN:
9780199867615
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195368246.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Recent scandals and controversies—such as the falsification, fabrication, and plagiarism of data in federally funded science; the manipulation and distortion of research sponsored by private ... More


Methodology: How Information Was Collected

Nachman Ben-Yehuda

in Theocratic Democracy: The Social Construction of Religious and Secular Extremism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199734863
eISBN:
9780199895090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199734863.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Taking Niklas Luhmann’s suggestion that understanding social systems requires that we examine communication systems, and based on contextual constructionism, this chapter explains why using the ... More


Themes of Deviance and Unconventionality

Nachman Ben-Yehuda

in Theocratic Democracy: The Social Construction of Religious and Secular Extremism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199734863
eISBN:
9780199895090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199734863.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter describes some themes, cases and affairs that served as axes around which media reports revolved for 1948-1998, and beyond. Such themes focus on such topics as archaeological ... More


Bias and Democracy

John O. McGinnis

in Accelerating Democracy: Transforming Governance Through Technology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151021
eISBN:
9781400845453
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151021.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

This chapter surveys the many kinds of political bias. These include special interest bias, “knowledge falsification” by the majority, innate majoritarian bias, status quo bias, cultural cognition ... More


 Laws and their Confirmation

Wolfgang Spohn

in The Laws of Belief: Ranking Theory and Its Philosophical Applications

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199697502
eISBN:
9780191739323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697502.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The remaining chapters are devoted to various philosophical applications of ranking theory. The first goal is to understand natural modalities as covertly epistemological modalities by a kind of ... More


The Secrets and Lies of Film

Andrew Gleeson

in Ethics at the Cinema

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195320398
eISBN:
9780199869534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195320398.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, General

In Mike Leigh’s 1996 film Secrets and Lies a black woman seeking her birth mother enters a white family, and shatters its walls of illusion. The family, and the audience, confront the questions of ... More


A Model Discipline: Political Science and the Logic of Representations

Kevin A. Clarke and David M. Primo

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195382198
eISBN:
9780199932399
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195382198.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Models are ubiquitous in political science research. Although game theory models, statistical models, and even non-mathematical models are common in the discipline, the field lacks a coherent ... More


History and Morality

Geoffrey Cubitt

in The Jesuit Myth: Conspiracy Theory and Politics in Nineteenth-Century France

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198228684
eISBN:
9780191678790
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198228684.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Religion

This chapter discusses the anti-Jesuits' historical and ethical attacks surrounding the Jesuit organization. For the anti-Jesuits, the theories and teachings of the Jesuits were instruments of ... More


Why Climate-Change Skeptics Are Wrong

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

in What Will Work: Fighting Climate Change with Renewable Energy, Not Nuclear Power

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199794638
eISBN:
9780199919277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794638.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 1 begins by stressing the severity of climate change (CC) and showing how, contrary to popular belief, atomic energy is not a viable solution to ... More


The Logic of Causation

Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum

in Getting Causes from Powers

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199695614
eISBN:
9780191731952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695614.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

The theory offered suggests a univocal account of causation, but without offering any reductive analysis. The chapter can still say something informative about the features of causation, such as ... More


Liberalism versus Postliberalism: The Great Divide in Twentieth-Century Theology

John Allan Knight

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199969388
eISBN:
9780199301546
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199969388.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

The divide between liberal and postliberal theology is one of the most important and far-reaching methodological disputes in twentieth-century theology. Their divergence in method brought related ... More


The Falsification Challenge

John Allan Knight

in Liberalism versus Postliberalism: The Great Divide in Twentieth-Century Theology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199969388
eISBN:
9780199301546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199969388.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter provides a description of the theology and falsification controversy that erupted in the middle of the twentieth century. In addition, it contextualizes the debate, describing the ... More


The Liberal Response

John Allan Knight

in Liberalism versus Postliberalism: The Great Divide in Twentieth-Century Theology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199969388
eISBN:
9780199301546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199969388.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter describes liberal responses to the falsification challenge, which tended to be a version of one of two sorts. For noncognitivists, religious or theological utterances were never ... More


The Winter of Discontent: Elections, Protests, and the Internet in Russia, 2011–12

Sarah Oates

in Revolution Stalled: The Political Limits of the Internet in the Post-Soviet Sphere

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199735952
eISBN:
9780199332465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735952.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics, Democratization

By the end of 2011, it became clear the internet had changed the political landscape in Russia as the largest street protests since 1993 were triggered by reports of election falsification. This ... More


Conclusions

Sarah Oates

in Revolution Stalled: The Political Limits of the Internet in the Post-Soviet Sphere

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199735952
eISBN:
9780199332465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199735952.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics, Democratization

This concluding chapter argues that the collusion of online factors including growth, content, networking, online social entrepreneurship with the political catalyst of election falsification marked ... More


Collected Works, Volume I: Scientific Rationality, the Human Condition, and 20th Century Cosmologies

Adolf Grünbaum

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199989928
eISBN:
9780199346356
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199989928.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This volume is a collection of Adolf Grünbaum’s most discussed essays on Scientific Rationality. It covers the problem of what it takes for a theory to be called scientific and asks whether it is ... More


Ambiguity and the Absolute: Nietzsche and Merleau-Ponty on the Question of Truth

Frank Chouraqui

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780823254118
eISBN:
9780823261116
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823254118.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book seeks to elucidate Nietzsche and Merleau-Ponty’s treatments of the question of truth by using each of their philosophies to shed light on the other. For both philosophers, the question of ... More


Scientific Reasoning

Keith E. Stanovich, Richard F. West, and Maggie E. Toplak

in The Rationality Quotient: Toward a Test of Rational Thinking

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034845
eISBN:
9780262336819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034845.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

In this chapter, the Scientific Reasoning subtest is described. The reason for each of the task-types chosen for this subtest is discussed. The skills tapped by this subtest include: covariation ... More


Art and Idealization: I’ll Fake Manhattan

Peter J. Bailey

in The Reluctant Film Art of Woody Allen

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780813167190
eISBN:
9780813167862
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813167190.003.0004
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

The central cinematic tension that this chapter locates in Allen’s Manhattanexists between its deliberately idealized visualizations of New York City and the trivial romantic entanglements of the ... More


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