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The open innovation model: Implications for innovation in Japan

Henry W. Chesbrough

in Recovering from Success: Innovation and Technology Management in Japan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297320
eISBN:
9780191711237
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297320.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter explores the implications of the transition from closed to open innovation over the past two decades, which Japanese companies have been relatively late to address. Examples of the fate ... More


Children Who Do Not Want to Disclose

Kathleen Coulborn Faller

in Interviewing Children about Sexual Abuse: Controversies and Best Practice

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195311778
eISBN:
9780199865055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311778.003.0013
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Crime and Justice

Non-disclosing children continue to challenge interviewers of sexual abuse cases, but there has been less progress in developing techniques for assisting them than disclosing children, in part ... More


Screening, Diagnosis, and Prognosis

Michael B. Bracken

in Risk, Chance, and Causation: Investigating the Origins and Treatment of Disease

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300188844
eISBN:
9780300189551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300188844.003.0007
Subject:
History, Environmental History

This chapter discusses the common dilemmas in the medical and public health sector. First, it must be established that no test for screening, diagnosis, or prognosis is 100 percent accurate. It is ... More


Understanding Uncertainty: False Negatives in Quantitative Risk Analysis

Kristin Shrader-Frechette

in Tainted: How Philosophy of Science Can Expose Bad Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2014
ISBN:
9780199396412
eISBN:
9780199396436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199396412.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The chapter assesses another typical scientific value judgment, minimizing false positives (false assertions of an effect), not false negatives (false denials of an effect), when both cannot be ... More


Experimental methods

Richard E. Passingham and James B. Rowe

in A Short Guide to Brain Imaging: The Neuroscience of Human Cognition

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780198709138
eISBN:
9780191815270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709138.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Development

Having recorded a signal, it is necessary to interpret its functional significance. The way in which this is done is to relate the signal to a psychological condition. As in other branches of ... More


Reducing Harm Resulting from False Allegations of Child Sexual Abuse: The Importance of Corroboration

Steve Herman

in Wrongful Allegations of Sexual and Child Abuse

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198723301
eISBN:
9780191789700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723301.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Legal Profession and Ethics

In many prosecutions for child sexual abuse (CSA), the only evidence is the testimony of the alleged victim. Prosecutions of uncorroborated CSA allegations have sometimes led to the wrongful ... More


Network statistics and measurement error

Mark Newman

in Networks

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198805090
eISBN:
9780191843235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805090.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter introduces the mathematics of network statistics, the quantification of errors in network data, and the estimation of network structure in the presence of error. The discussion starts ... More


Functional Genomics

Soumya Raychaudhuri

in Computational Text Analysis: for functional genomics and bioinformatics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198567400
eISBN:
9780191916700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198567400.003.0009
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

The overarching purpose of this chapter is to introduce the reader to some of the essential elements of biology, genomics, and bioinformatics. It is by no means a ... More


Cancer From The Landfill?

Inge F. Goldstein and Martin Goldstein

in How Much Risk?: A Guide to Understanding Environmental Health Hazards

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195139945
eISBN:
9780197565476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195139945.003.0013
Subject:
Environmental Science, Social Impact of Environmental Issues

In the first chapter we described several clusters of childhood cancers discovered by concerned residents of Woburn, Massachusetts, of Toms River, New Jersey, and of ... More


Public health approaches to prevention

Blánaid Daly, Paul Batchelor, Elizabeth Treasure, and Richard Watt

in Essential Dental Public Health

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199679379
eISBN:
9780191918353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199679379.003.0008
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Dentistry

Oral diseases are largely preventable but are still highly prevalent. What is going wrong? Why have oral diseases not been eradicated? The answer to these ... More


Evolutionary Conservation Biology

Philip W. Hedrick

in Evolutionary Ecology: Concepts and Case Studies

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195131543
eISBN:
9780197561461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195131543.003.0036
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

Conservation biology as a discipline focused on endangered species is young and dates only from the late 1970s. Although conservation of endangered species ... More


Introduction to Quality in the Analytical Chemistry Laboratory

D. Brynn Hibbert

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195162127
eISBN:
9780197562093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195162127.003.0005
Subject:
Chemistry, Analytical Chemistry

To understand quality of chemical measurements, one needs to understand something about measurement itself. The present edition of the International Vocabulary of ... More


Method Validation

D. Brynn Hibbert

in Quality Assurance in the Analytical Chemistry Laboratory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195162127
eISBN:
9780197562093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195162127.003.0012
Subject:
Chemistry, Analytical Chemistry

Many aspects of a chemical analysis must be scrutinized to ensure that the product, a report containing the results of the analysis, fulfills the expectations of the ... More


Preventative and Paediatric Dentistry

Nicholas Longridge, Pete Clarke, Raheel Aftab, and Tariq Ali

Katharine Boursicot and David Sales (eds)

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198825173
eISBN:
9780191917301
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198825173.003.0013
Subject:
Clinical Medicine and Allied Health, Professional Development in Medicine

The child patient can be a challenging and daunting proposition for the junior dentist and dental student. Whilst children can be anxious, unco­operative, and ... More


Readers’ Guide: Definitions, Questions, and Useful Functions: Where to Find Things and What to Do

D. Brynn Hibbert and J. Justin Gooding

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195162103
eISBN:
9780197562086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195162103.003.0005
Subject:
Chemistry, Analytical Chemistry

This chapter is called Readers’ Guide because chapter 1 is clearly the proper start of the book, with introductions and discussions of what measurement really is and ... More


Hypothesis Testing

D. Brynn Hibbert and J. Justin Gooding

in Data Analysis for Chemistry: An Introductory Guide for Students and Laboratory Scientists

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195162103
eISBN:
9780197562086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195162103.003.0008
Subject:
Chemistry, Analytical Chemistry

• To understand the concept of the null hypothesis and the role of Type I and Type II errors. • To test that data are normally distributed and whether a datum is an ... More


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