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Developmental Trends in Spontaneous False Memory, with Implications for the Law

Charles J. Brainerd and Valerie F. Reyna

in Stress, Trauma, and Children's Memory Development: Neurobiological, cognitive, clinical and legal perspectives

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195308457
eISBN:
9780199867387
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308457.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter focuses on the scientific study of children's false memories and how susceptibility to false memories changes with age. It begins with a sketch of some historical facts about the law's ... More


Controlling False Memories with Opponent Processes

C. J. Brainerd and V. F. Reyna

in The Science of False Memory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195154054
eISBN:
9780199868384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154054.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses false memory research in children. With children, it is not possible to make confident predictions using opponent-processes distinctions without making assumptions about ... More


Controlling False Memories with Opponent Processes

C. J. Brainerd and V. F. Reyna

in The Science of False Memory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195154054
eISBN:
9780199868384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154054.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter explores false-memory effects that fall out as predictions from the opponent-processes ideas discussed in Chapter 3. If opponent-processes distinctions provide the correct take on false ... More


False Memory in Psychotherapy

C. J. Brainerd and V. F. Reyna

in The Science of False Memory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195154054
eISBN:
9780199868384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154054.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter explores the question of false memory in psychotherapy. To establish the dimensions of the question, it first reviews some case studies of alleged adult recovery of repressed memories of ... More


Some Growing Tips

C. J. Brainerd and V. F. Reyna

in The Science of False Memory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195154054
eISBN:
9780199868384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154054.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter considers what the near future of the science of false memory may hold by exploring some emerging areas of experimentation. It focuses on three specific areas: mathematical models of ... More


The Science of False Memory

C. J. Brainerd and V. F. Reyna (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195154054
eISBN:
9780199868384
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154054.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This book encompasses and weaves together the common threads of the four major topics that comprise the core of false memory research: theories of false memory, adult experimental psychology of false ... More


Varieties of False Memory

C. J. Brainerd and V. F. Reyna

in The Science of False Memory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195154054
eISBN:
9780199868384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154054.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes nine modern paradigms, in their approximate order of historical appearance in the literature, and sketches some false-memory effects that are identified with each. List recall, ... More


False Memory in Criminal Investigation

C. J. Brainerd and V. F. Reyna

in The Science of False Memory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195154054
eISBN:
9780199868384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154054.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines false-memory phenomena in adult witness interviews and in eyewitness identification of suspects. The chapter is divided into two sections. The first section contains examples of ... More


False Memory in Criminal Investigation

C. J. Brainerd and V. F. Reyna

in The Science of False Memory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195154054
eISBN:
9780199868384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154054.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter begins with a precis of the recent history of how the law handles child sexual abuse allegations in the United States. It then discusses research on the suggestibility of children's ... More


False memories: A kind of confabulation in non-clinical subjects

Lauren French, Maryanne Garry, and Elizabeth Loftus

in Confabulation: Views from Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Psychology and Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199208913
eISBN:
9780191723759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208913.003.02
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter discusses research that shows how normal everyday people can come to produce confabulations. It argues that false memories can be considered to be a subset of the phenomena of ... More


Turning Tides: Countermovement Organizing, “False Memory Syndrome,” and the Struggle over Scientific Knowledge

Nancy Whittier

in The Politics of Child Sexual Abuse: Emotions, Social Movements, and the State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195325102
eISBN:
9780199869350
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325102.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter looks at countermovement organizing, focusing on the False Memory Syndrome Foundation (FMSF). It highlights the struggles over the social construction of knowledge that came with the ... More


The cognitive consequences of forced fabrication: Evidence from studies of eyewitness suggestibility

Quin M. Chrobak and Maria S. Zaragoza

in Confabulation: Views from Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Psychology and Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199208913
eISBN:
9780191723759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208913.003.03
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

In laboratory studies of false memory development in normal populations, researchers have been studying a false memory phenomenon that we refer to as the ‘forced fabrication effect’. Unlike clinical ... More


Your Ancients

C. J. Brainerd and V. F. Reyna

in The Science of False Memory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195154054
eISBN:
9780199868384
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154054.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes the historical roots of false-memory research. Although the systematic study of false memory in normal subjects is a comparatively recent phenomenon, the history of psychology ... More


Stress, Trauma, and Children's Memory Development: Neurobiological, cognitive, clinical and legal perspectives

Mark L. Howe, Gail S. Goodman, and Dante Cicchetti (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195308457
eISBN:
9780199867387
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195308457.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Few questions in psychology have generated as much debate as those concerning the impact of childhood trauma on memory. A lack of scientific research to constrain theory has helped fuel arguments ... More


Neuroimaging of True, False, and Imaginary Memories: Findings and Implications

Daniel L. Schacter, Jon Chamberlain, Brendan Gaesser, and Kathy D. Gerlach

in Memory and Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199920754
eISBN:
9780199950133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199920754.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Forensic Psychology

Episodic memory is prone to errors and distortions that can have important consequences for the law. This chapter considers research that has used functional neuroimaging techniques in an attempt to ... More


Children’s False-Memory Illusions

Mark L. Howe

in The Nature of Early Memory: An Adaptive Theory of the Genesis and Development of Memory

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195381412
eISBN:
9780199893867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195381412.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews theory and evidence concerning the development of spontaneous false memories in childhood, including some recent developmental research that examines the neural correlates of ... More


Temporal consciousness and confabulation: Escape from unconscious explanatory idols

Gianfranco Dalla Barba

in Confabulation: Views from Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Psychology and Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199208913
eISBN:
9780191723759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208913.003.11
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter addresses the following questions: Why confabulating patients make errors when retrieving their pasts? Why is confabulation on some occasions indistinguishable from a true memory, ... More


The Curious Complexity between Confidence and Accuracy in Reports from Memory

Henry L. Roediger III, John H. Wixted, and K. Andrew Desoto

in Memory and Law

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199920754
eISBN:
9780199950133
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199920754.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Forensic Psychology

The reliability of confident eyewitness evidence is critical for the legal system, but conflicting evidence exists on the relation of confidence and accuracy in reports from memory. This chapter ... More


Confabulation and delusion

Max Coltheart and Martha Turner

in Confabulation: Views from Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Psychology and Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199208913
eISBN:
9780191723759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208913.003.08
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter explores an intriguing similarity between confabulation and delusion, namely the tendency in both for people to seek to justify their unjustifiable false memories or false beliefs when ... More


Memory Errors in Adaptive Recollections

Henry Otgaar, Mark L. Howe, Tom Smeets, Linsey Raymaekers, and Johan van Beers

in What Is Adaptive about Adaptive Memory?

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199928057
eISBN:
9780199369744
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199928057.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

The authors’ study is the first to reveal that survival-related information amplifies the susceptibility to suggestion-based false memories in both children and adults. So, although evidence is ... More


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