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The Child‐Scientist Theory

Alvin I. Goldman

in Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience of Mindreading

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195138924
eISBN:
9780199786480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138929.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Early childhood failures on false-belief tasks and related tasks lead many developmental psychologists to conclude that children (like scientists) undergo a succession of changes in their ... More


Useful False Beliefs

Peter D. Klein

in Epistemology: New Essays

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199264933
eISBN:
9780191718472
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264933.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter examines the role of false beliefs in the production of knowledge. False beliefs are generally thought to play no role in the production of knowledge, which some philosophers have ... More


Philosophical and Scientific Perspectives on Mentalizing

Alvin I. Goldman

in Simulating Minds: The Philosophy, Psychology, and Neuroscience of Mindreading

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195138924
eISBN:
9780199786480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138929.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

A brief overview and mini-history of the subject of mindreading are presented. Philosophers were the first to worry about the folk understanding of other minds and the distinctive nature of ... More


False memories: A kind of confabulation in non-clinical subjects

Lauren French, Maryanne Garry, and Elizabeth Loftus

in Confabulation: Views from Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Psychology and Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199208913
eISBN:
9780191723759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208913.003.02
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter discusses research that shows how normal everyday people can come to produce confabulations. It argues that false memories can be considered to be a subset of the phenomena of ... More


Pieces of Mind: Pieces of Mind: A Theory of Third‐Person Mindreading

Shaun Nichols and Stephen P. Stich

in Mindreading: An Integrated Account of Pretence, Self-Awareness, and Understanding Other Minds

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780198236108
eISBN:
9780191600920
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236107.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter presents a detailed account of the mechanisms underlying third person mindreading: the attribution of mental states to others. A speculative Just So Story about the evolutionary origins ... More


Failures of Consent: Defective Belief

Joel Feinberg

in The Moral Limits of the Criminal Law Volume 3: Harm to Self

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195059236
eISBN:
9780199869473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195059239.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Deficient or mistaken information is another factor that can reduce or vitiate the voluntariness of consent. A person's consent may be nonvoluntary because of a misunderstanding over what is being ... More


Lying, Deception, and Related Concepts

Thomas L. Carson

in The Philosophy of Deception

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195327939
eISBN:
9780199852444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195327939.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter offers a thorough canvass of the literature on the definition of lying available today. It offers definitions of the concepts of lying and deception and explains the distinctions between ... More


Truth as the Epistemic Goal

Marian David

in Knowledge, Truth, and Duty: Essays on Epistemic Justification, Responsibility, and Virtue

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195128925
eISBN:
9780199833764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195128923.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Examines the difficulties involved in explaining what is distinctive about epistemic – as opposed to prudential or moral – justification by invoking the truth goal: roughly, the goal of believing ... More


Representational Development and False-Belief Understanding

Janet Wilde Astington and Jodie A. Baird

in Why Language Matters for Theory of Mind

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195159912
eISBN:
9780199847150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159912.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Language is crucial for the theory of mind because it allows for, and indeed supports, a separation between what is real and what is hypothetical or counterfactual. Language is a medium of ... More


Everyday confabulation

Thalia Wheatley

in Confabulation: Views from Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Psychology and Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199208913
eISBN:
9780191723759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208913.003.10
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The confabulations of patients read like fiction. Capgras patients claim that loved ones have been replaced by imposters, Anton's syndrome patients are blind but claim to see, and asomatognosic ... More


The Role of Language in Theory-of-Mind Development: What Deaf Children Tell Us

Peter A. de Villiers

in Why Language Matters for Theory of Mind

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195159912
eISBN:
9780199847150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159912.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter argues that deaf children provide a strong test for the causal role of language, because many of them have significantly delayed language acquisition but age-appropriate non-verbal ... More


Belief attribution tasks with dolphins: What social minds can reveal about animal rationality

Alain J.-P. C. Tschudin

in Rational Animals?

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198528272
eISBN:
9780191689529
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528272.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines non-verbal false-belief paradigms and belief attribution in dolphins. It describes the methodological challenges ... More


Ideology and Film Culture

HÉctor Rodriguez

in Film Theory and Philosophy

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198159216
eISBN:
9780191673566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198159216.003.0012
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter sketches an argument that ideology critique is a species of moral persuasion. There is a moral dimension built into the concept of ideology which is used in critical film theory. ... More


Can Language Acquisition Give Children a Point of View?

Jill C. de VilHers

in Why Language Matters for Theory of Mind

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195159912
eISBN:
9780199847150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159912.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter presents the most recent version of the linguistic determination theory, which posits that false-belief understanding crucially depends on mastery of the syntax of complementation. ... More


Fragments of Consciousness?

Tim Bayne

in The Unity of Consciousness

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199215386
eISBN:
9780191594786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215386.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

This chapter evaluates the tenability of the unity thesis by examining the evidence for phenomenal disunity within the context of number of quite different domains. The first third of the chapter ... More


Neurocognitive Bases of Preschoolers’ Theory-of-Mind Development: Integrating Cognitive Neuroscience and Cognitive Development

Mark A. Sabbagh

in The Development of Social Engagement: Neurobiological Perspectives

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195168716
eISBN:
9780199847853
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168716.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

Findings and methodologies from cognitive development and cognitive neuroscience studies are integrated in this chapter in an attempt to gain a better understanding of the neurocognitive ... More


Truth and Reference: Peirce Versus Royce

Christopher Hookway

in Truth, Rationality, and Pragmatism: Themes from Peirce

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199256587
eISBN:
9780191597718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199256586.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

A discussion of a dispute between Royce and Peirce about truth and the possibility of false belief. Royce argued that only an absolute idealist can make sense of how we can refer to objects about ... More


The Interactive Practice of Mind

Shaun Gallager (ed.)

in How the Body Shapes the Mind

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199271948
eISBN:
9780191603112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271941.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Intersubjectivity, social cognition, or the problem of other minds — these are terms in different disciplines for the same problem: how does one understand other people —how does one grasp their ... More


Responsibility and False Beliefs 1

Peter Vallentyne

in Responsibility and Distributive Justice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199565801
eISBN:
9780191725463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199565801.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter addresses the question of how false or incomplete beliefs affect agent-responsibility for outcomes. For simplicity, the agent is assumed not to be responsible for her false beliefs. One ... More


Linguistic Communication and Social Understanding

Heidemarie Lohmann, Michael Tomasello, and Sonja Meyer

in Why Language Matters for Theory of Mind

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195159912
eISBN:
9780199847150
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159912.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter explores the early stages of pragmatic language acquisition before taking up the issue of syntax and semantics. It suggests that the relation between language and theory of mind is ... More


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