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Fortunate Fallibility: Kierkegaard and the Power of Sin

Jason A. Mahn

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199790661
eISBN:
9780199897391
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199790661.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This book deconstructs and reconstructs the fortunate Fall (felix culpa) theme of Western thought, using Kierkegaard as a guide. Dating back to the fifth century Easter Eve Mass, the claim that ... More


Fallible A Priori Justification

Albert Casullo

in A Priori Justification

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195115055
eISBN:
9780199786190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195115058.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter articulates the requirements of fallible a priori justification. It distinguishes two senses of fallibility: c-fallibility, justification that does not guarantee truth; and ... More


Social Justice and Public Equality

Thomas Christiano

in The Constitution of Equality: Democratic Authority and Its Limits

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198297475
eISBN:
9780191716867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198297475.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

This chapter argues that social justice requires that equality be publicly realized. Social justice is realized in social and political institutions that attempt to establish justice. It requires ... More


Being Human

Ingo Gildenhard

in Creative Eloquence: The Construction of Reality in Cicero's Speeches

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199291557
eISBN:
9780191594885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291557.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter discusses figures of thought in Cicero's speeches to do with being human and the human condition. Special attention is given to the notions that human beings are inherently fallible and ... More


 Paul Ricoeur and the Poetic Moral Self

John Wall

in Moral Creativity: Paul Ricoeur and the Poetics of Possibility

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195182569
eISBN:
9780199835737
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195182561.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

There can be no meaning to the notion of human moral creativity without first the ontological possibility for a poetic moral self. In the face of a range of contemporary attacks on moral selfhood, ... More


Sages and Politics: A Way Forward

Stephen C. Angle

in Sagehood: The Contemporary Significance of Neo-Confucian Philosophy

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195385144
eISBN:
9780199869756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195385144.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter articulates a contemporary Confucian politics that allows the ideal of sagehood to inform both personal and public activities, without falling into the traps that have snared both the ... More


Introduction: Fault and Fallibility

Jason A. Mahn

in Fortunate Fallibility: Kierkegaard and the Power of Sin

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199790661
eISBN:
9780199897391
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199790661.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter introduces the interconnected themes of fortunate Fall and fortunate fallibility and argues against the moralization of theological accounts of sin. While scholars such as David Kelsey ... More


Justifying the Moral Rules: The Second Five

Bernard Gert

in Morality: Its Nature and Justification

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195176896
eISBN:
9780199835300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195176898.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter argues that the moral rules: do not deceive, keep your promises, do not cheat, obey the law, and do your duty, are justified moral rules. It provides analyses of deception, promises, ... More


A Priori Knowledge

Alvin Plantinga

in Warrant and Proper Function

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195078640
eISBN:
9780199872213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195078640.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In this chapter, I examine a priori knowledge from the perspective of my account of warrant. According to the epistemological tradition, what is known a priori is known, somehow, prior to or ... More


Scottish Fundamentalism

C. A. J. Coady

in Testimony: A Philosophical Study

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198235514
eISBN:
9780191597220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198235518.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The eighteenth‐century Scots philosopher Thomas Reid's account of testimony is one of his most interesting and original contributions. Reid's analogy between the epistemic roles of perception and of ... More


Self‐Conscious Belief

Anthony O'Hear

in Beyond Evolution: Human Nature and the Limits of Evolutionary Explanation

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250043
eISBN:
9780191598111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250045.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

What does it mean to be self‐conscious? Mere consciousness involves no conception of the self. Self‐consciousness requires a conceptual scheme or symbolic system and this in itself—drawing on ... More


Epictetus in His Time and Place

A. A. Long

in Epictetus: A Stoic and Socratic Guide to Life

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199245567
eISBN:
9780191597923
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199245568.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Discusses the life of Epictetus, and situates him in his cultural and intellectual context. He was taught Stoicism by Musonius Rufus, and the salient doctrines of traditional Stoicism are compared ... More


Wisdom: A Humanistic Conception

John Kekes

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780197514047
eISBN:
9780197514078
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197514047.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This book develops and defends a humanistic conception of wisdom as a personal attitude that guides how we evaluate the possibilities and limits of life in the context in which we live. The attitude ... More


Conclusion

Mark Kelman

in The Heuristics Debate

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199755608
eISBN:
9780199895236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199755608.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

The chapter reviews the similarities, both methodological and substantive, between the heuristics and biases and the fast and frugal heuristics school. But it emphasizes to a greater extent ... More


Explaining Knowledge: New Essays on the Gettier Problem

Rodrigo Borges, Claudio de Almeida, and Peter D. Klein (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198724551
eISBN:
9780191840142
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198724551.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This is an edited collection of twenty-three new papers on the Gettier Problem and the issues connected with it. The set of authors includes many of the major figures in contemporary epistemology who ... More


Attributing Knowledge: What It Means to Know Something

Jody Azzouni

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
October 2020
ISBN:
9780197508817
eISBN:
9780197508848
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197508817.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The word “know” is revealed as vague, applicable to fallible agents, factive, and criterion-transcendent. It is invariant in its meaning across contexts and invariant relative to different agents. ... More


Disruptions

in Interacting with Print: Elements of Reading in the Era of Print Saturation

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226469140
eISBN:
9780226469287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226469287.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

This chapter studies the disruption of the prevailing impression that print was a transparent vehicle for ideas. It shows how print sometimes presents an appearance of stability and reliability that ... More


Farewell to ‘Legal Positivism’: The Separation Thesis Unravelling

Klaus Füβer

in The Autonomy of Law: Essays on Legal Positivism

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198267904
eISBN:
9780191683404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198267904.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

H. L. A Hart complained about the ambiguity of legal positivism, and proposed a definition that refers to particular explications of the concept of law, to certain theories of legal interpretation, ... More


Knowledge

Paul Thagard

in Natural Philosophy: From Social Brains to Knowledge, Reality, Morality, and Beauty

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190678739
eISBN:
9780190686451
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190678739.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

For the semantic pointer theory of mind, the bearers of knowledge are not abstract propositions but rather patterns of neural firing that constitute mental representations, including concepts, ... More


Perceptual Knowledge and Recognitional Abilities

Alan Millar

in Knowing by Perceiving

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780198755692
eISBN:
9780191816840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198755692.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Recognizing a thing as being some way from its appearance to some sense-modality is knowing that it is that way from that appearance. It is the exercise of a general ability to tell of things that ... More


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