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Caveats

Penelope Maddy

in Second Philosophy: A Naturalistic Method

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199273669
eISBN:
9780191706264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273669.003.0022
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter summarizes the many empirical theories and methods involved in this second-philosophical account of logical truth: the KF-structuring of (much of) the world, the experimental paradigms ... More


Introduction

John Kekes

in The Human Condition

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199588886
eISBN:
9780191595448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588886.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The aim of the book is to present and defend a secular view of the human condition. This view is pluralist, not absolutist; rationalist, not relativist; fallibilist, not skeptical or dogmatic; ... More


Circular Foundations

Andrew Vincent

in The Nature of Political Theory

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199271252
eISBN:
9780191601101
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271259.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Deals with the hermeneutic work of Hans‐Georg Gadamer. It analyses the development of hermeneutic thinking, the focus on language, the critique of the Enlightenment and positivism, the role of ... More


Thinking about Knowing

Jay Rosenberg

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251339
eISBN:
9780191598326
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251339.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book offers an unorthodox, systematic view of the relationships among the concepts of knowledge, truth, and justification. It articulates and defends a conception of knowledge as adequately ... More


The Pragmatic Maxim: Essays on Peirce and pragmatism

Christopher Hookway

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199588381
eISBN:
9780191745089
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588381.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Charles Sanders Peirce (1839–1913) was the ‘founder of pragmatism’ and the most important and original American philosopher. He called himself a logician, making important contributions to the ... More


Conclusion

Robert Audi

in The Architecture of Reason: The Structure and Substance of Rationality

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195158427
eISBN:
9780199871407
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158427.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This concluding chapter presents a synthesis of discussions in the preceding chapters. Topics discussed include theoretical reason, the nature and grounds of rational belief, how practical reason is ... More


Fallibilism

Jeremy Fantl and Matthew McGrath

in Knowledge in an Uncertain World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199550623
eISBN:
9780191722684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550623.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

Fallibilism is the doctrine that it is possible to know that something is the case even though in some sense you could be wrong. This chapter begins by examining a number of senses in which you ... More


Contextualism

Jeremy Fantl and Matthew McGrath

in Knowledge in an Uncertain World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199550623
eISBN:
9780191722684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550623.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

According to epistemic contextualism, the content of a knowledge attribution varies with the context of the knowledge attributor. Therefore, whether a subject is truly said to have knowledge can vary ... More


Knowledge and Reasons

Jeremy Fantl and Matthew McGrath

in Knowledge in an Uncertain World

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199550623
eISBN:
9780191722684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550623.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter provides a principled argument for a pragmatist link between knowledge and action. The main conclusion is the thesis (KJ) that what you know is warranted enough to justify you in action, ... More


Charles Sanders Peirce

M. Gail Hamner

in American Pragmatism: A Religious Genealogy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195155471
eISBN:
9780199834266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195155475.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

Charles Sanders Peirce was an American pragmatist whose notions of, and about community, inform not only his reformulation of ‘science’ and ontology but also the complex theory of continuity ... More


Pragmatism and the Problem of Institutional Design

Jack Knight and James Johnson

in The Priority of Democracy: Political Consequences of Pragmatism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151236
eISBN:
9781400840335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151236.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter provides a basis for a pragmatist account of democracy. It specifies three features—fallibilism, anti-skepticism, and consequentialism—as central to pragmatism understood as a ... More


Judgment as a Guide to Belief

Nicholas Silins

in Introspection and Consciousness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199744794
eISBN:
9780199933396
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744794.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter investigates the way in which our conscious judgments can be a guide to our beliefs, a topic discussed by Gareth Evans, Richard Moran, Christopher Peacocke, and Alex Byrne, among others. ... More


Epistemological Foundations for Human Rights

William J. Talbott

in Human Rights and Human Well-Being

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195173482
eISBN:
9780199872176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173482.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter provides an historical explanation of the epistemological basis for autonomy rights. The history begins with Mill’s revolutionary social process epistemology in On Liberty. On Mill’s ... More


The Millian Epistemological Argument for Autonomy Rights

William J. Talbott

in Human Rights and Human Well-Being

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195173482
eISBN:
9780199872176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173482.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter applies the Millian epistemology to ground a robust, inalienable right to freedom of expression and to ground the other autonomy rights, as necessary for the process of the social ... More


Fallibilism, Underdetermination, and Skepticism

Anthony Brueckner

in Essays on Skepticism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585861
eISBN:
9780191595332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585861.003.0035
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter raises the question of whether the standard sceptical argument requires the denial of fallibilism about justification; roughly, the view that justifying evidence for P entails P. The ... More


∼K∼SK

Anthony Brueckner

in Essays on Skepticism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199585861
eISBN:
9780191595332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199585861.003.0037
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter represents the author's current rather pessimistic thinking about the structure of the sceptical argument. Epistemological disjunctivism is also discussed and found to be an inadequate ... More


The Tortoise and the Serpent: Sellars on the Structure of Empirical Knowledge

Michael Williams

in Empiricism, Perceptual Knowledge, Normativity, and Realism: Essays on Wilfrid Sellars

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199573301
eISBN:
9780191722172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573301.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In ‘Empiricism and the Philosophy of Mind’, (EPM) Sellars adumbrates an epistemological third way that avoids the pitfalls of the traditional alternatives — foundationalism and coherentism — while ... More


Coherence as a Test For Truth

Robert Stern

in Hegelian Metaphysics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199239108
eISBN:
9780191716942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239108.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter argues that the coherentism of the British Idealism, and in particular of F. H. Bradley, is importantly different from the sort of coherentism familiar in contemporary philosophy. For, ... More


John Dewey’s Theory of Knowledge

Anthony Quinton

in Of Men and Manners: Essays Historical and Philosophical

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199694556
eISBN:
9780191731938
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694556.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter discusses Dewey's theory of knowledge. The intellectualist sees knowledge as something absolutely certain, which is contemplatively seen, by a mind that is at most contingently embodied, ... More


The Moderate Fallibilism of Science

Francis E. Reilly S. J.

in Charles Peirce's Theory of Scientific Method

Published in print:
1970
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780823208807
eISBN:
9780823284726
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823208807.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

This chapter considers how valuable scientific knowledge is, and how certain and permanent is the knowledge gained through this method. Peirce repeatedly and firmly asserts that scientific knowledge ... More


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