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Continuity and Innovation in Medieval and Modern Philosophy: Knowledge, Mind and Language

John Marenbon (ed.)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265499
eISBN:
9780191760310
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265499.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The usual division of philosophy into ‘medieval’ and ‘modern’ obscures the continuities in philosophy up until 1700. This book examines three areas where these continuities are particularly clear: ... More


Walking the Tightrope of Reason: The Precarious Life of a Rational Animal

Robert Fogelin

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195177541
eISBN:
9780199850143
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177541.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Human beings are both supremely rational and deeply superstitious, capable of believing just about anything and of questioning just about everything. Indeed, just as our reason demands that we know ... More


What's Within?: Nativism Reconsidered

Fiona Cowie

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195159783
eISBN:
9780199849529
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159783.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book reconsiders the influential nativist position toward the mind. Nativists assert that some concepts, beliefs, or capacities are innate or inborn: “native” to the mind rather than acquired. ... More


Ignorance of Language

Michael Devitt

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Is Chomsky right about the psychological reality of language? What is linguistics about? What role should linguistic intuitions play in constructing grammars? What is innate about language? Is there ... More


Introduction

Thomas Albert Howard

in Protestant Theology and the Making of the Modern German University

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199266852
eISBN:
9780191604188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266859.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This introductory chapter begins with a brief description of the shake-up of educational institutions throughout Europe in the early 19th century. The objectives of this study are then presented ... More


Sacra Facultas and the Coming of German Modernity

Thomas Albert Howard

in Protestant Theology and the Making of the Modern German University

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199266852
eISBN:
9780191604188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266859.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter begins with an examination of the 18th-century university and the forces of inertia and novelty, stagnation, and innovation that characterized it. German universities were in major ... More


Theology, Wissenschaft, and the Founding of the University of Berlin

Thomas Albert Howard

in Protestant Theology and the Making of the Modern German University

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199266852
eISBN:
9780191604188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266859.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter focuses on the establishment of the University of Berlin (1810), its early years of operation, and this institution’s implications for the future of theological instruction and ... More


Theologia between Science and the State

Thomas Albert Howard

in Protestant Theology and the Making of the Modern German University

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199266852
eISBN:
9780191604188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266859.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter examines the conflicted renown of 19th-century German academic theology even as it charts the theological faculty’s steady diminution as a component of the overall university system. ... More


Conclusion: Janus Gazing

Thomas Albert Howard

in Protestant Theology and the Making of the Modern German University

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199266852
eISBN:
9780191604188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266859.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The theological faculty’s passage into modernity has been characterized as ‘Janus-faced’ on a number of occasions. The expression has helped convey both the scholarly virtuosity attained by ... More


Introduction

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

In Chomsky’s view, linguistics is about a psychological state, the speaker’s knowledge of language which constitutes her linguistic competence. This knowledge is said to underlie her linguistic ... More


Intuitions

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter starts by arguing against the received view that the intuitive judgments of speakers are the main evidence for a grammar. Still, they are evidence and an explanation for this is ... More


The Powers of Aristotle's Soul

Thomas Kjeller Johansen

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199658435
eISBN:
9780191742231
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199658435.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Aristotle may be considered the founder of ‘faculty psychology’, the attempt to explain a variety of psychological phenomena by reference to a few inborn capacities. This study investigates his main ... More


Thought and the Language Faculty

Michael Devitt

in Ignorance of Language

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199250967
eISBN:
9780191603945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199250960.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter argues that the view that conceptual competence is part of linguistic competence is not undermined by the well-known dissociation of cognitive impairment and linguistic impairment. In ... More


Modules of the Human Mind

Peter Carruthers

in The Architecture of the Mind

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199207077
eISBN:
9780191708909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207077.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter outlines some of the key modules that are likely to be unique to the human mind. These include a sophisticated mind-reading system, a language faculty, a variety of adaptations that ... More


Managing Risk in High-Stakes Faculty Employment Decisions

Julee T. Flood and Terry L. Leap

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781501728952
eISBN:
9781501728969
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501728952.001.0001
Subject:
Education, Higher Education

Using a risk management framework, the book discusses the landscape of U.S. higher education and faculty employment decisions. Topics include institutional differences, challenges facing colleges and ... More


Our Higher Calling: Rebuilding the Partnership between America and Its Colleges and Universities

Holden Thorp and Buck Goldstein

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469646862
eISBN:
9781469646886
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469646862.001.0001
Subject:
Education, Higher Education

American higher education is strong because of a special relationship with the American public and the federal government. Misunderstandings about how higher education works have strained the ... More


The American University in a Postsecular Age: Religion and the Academy

Douglas Jacobsen and Rhonda Hustedt Jacobsen (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195323443
eISBN:
9780199869145
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195323443.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Academics across America are rethinking the place of religion on college and university campuses, and religion has become a hot topic of conversation. Some conversations focus on religious literacy, ... More


Tricks of the Trade from a Cynic

Curtis L. Meinert

in An Insider’s Guide to Clinical Trials

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199742967
eISBN:
9780199897278
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199742967.003.0012
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

Survival in academia is a case of “publish or perish” (sometimes, “publish and perish”). Promotion up the academic ladder, in large measure, depends on publication. The more papers the better, ... More


What are Faculties of the Soul? Descartes and his Scholastic Background

Dominik Perler

in Continuity and Innovation in Medieval and Modern Philosophy: Knowledge, Mind and Language

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265499
eISBN:
9780191760310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265499.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Descartes famously claimed that a human soul is a single substance without any parts. But he also affirmed that the soul has two faculties, namely intellect and will, which act as ‘two concurrent ... More


Faculties of the Soul: Response to Dominik Perler

Andrew Pyle

in Continuity and Innovation in Medieval and Modern Philosophy: Knowledge, Mind and Language

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265499
eISBN:
9780191760310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265499.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter seeks to do three things. It raises a few remaining difficulties for Perler's account of the soul and its faculties in Suarez and Descartes. The chapter then proceeds to discuss the ... More


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