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On Methods and Morals

James Halteman and Edd Noell

in Reckoning with Markets: The Role of Moral Reflection in Economics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199763702
eISBN:
9780199932252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199763702.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Is economics like car building or car repair? Are we working toward a finished product, or are we attempting to answer pertinent questions that arise and change from time to time? These questions are ... More


The Inseparability of Science and Values 1

John Dupré

in Processes of Life: Essays in the Philosophy of Biology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199691982
eISBN:
9780191738111
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691982.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues against the traditional assumption that science aims to present only facts, and that its findings are entirely independent of any social, political, or ethical values of the ... More


Why Thick Concepts Matter

Pekka Väyrynen

in The Lewd, the Rude and the Nasty: A Study of Thick Concepts in Ethics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199314751
eISBN:
9780199369225
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199314751.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The chapter introduces the intuitive contrast between thick and thin terms and concepts. It explains why thick concepts matter by introducing a wide range of general issues in moral philosophy for ... More


The Lewd, the Rude and the Nasty: A Study of Thick Concepts in Ethics

Pekka Vayrynen

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199314751
eISBN:
9780199369225
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199314751.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In addition to “thin” concepts like the good, the bad and the ugly, our evaluative thought and talk appeals to “thick” concepts like the lewd and the rude, the selfish and the cruel, the courageous ... More


The Absolute Conception: Putnam vs. Williams

Simon Blackburn

in Practical Tortoise Raising: and other philosophical essays

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199548057
eISBN:
9780191594953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548057.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter considers the opposition between Bernard Williams and Hilary Putnam over whether science, unlike other activities, aspires to an absolute conception of the world which is to the greatest ... More


Disentangling Disentangling

Simon Blackburn

in Thick Concepts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199672349
eISBN:
9780191751325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672349.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics, Moral Philosophy

This paper is an attempt to undermine the view of those that adopt an ‘entangling’ view of thick concepts. Many of them think that it is only by adopting this view that one can make sense of the ... More


Introductory: Political Philosophy and Its Enemies

Michael P. Zuckert and Catherine H. Zuckert

in Leo Strauss and the Problem of Political Philosophy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780226135731
eISBN:
9780226135878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226135878.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Two events were probably most decisive for setting Strauss on the path that led to his mature philosophic orientation. The first was his education, formally in the neo-Kantian tradition and more ... More


Hume’s Free-Standing Sentimentalism

Michael L. Frazer

in The Enlightenment of Sympathy: Justice and the Moral Sentiments in the Eighteenth Century and Today

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195390667
eISBN:
9780199866687
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390667.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter argues that Hume provides a free-standing ethics built from a psychologically holistic account of moral reflection. The chapter begins with Hume’s description of how sympathy gives rise ... More


Introduction

Simon Kirchin

in Thick Evaluation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198803430
eISBN:
9780191841613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803430.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter introduces the distinction between thin and thick concepts and then performs a number of functions. First, two major accounts of thick concepts—separationism and nonseparationism—are ... More


Metaphysical Objections

T. M. Scanlon

in Being Realistic about Reasons

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199678488
eISBN:
9780191757976
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199678488.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

It is often said that irreducibly normative truths would have metaphysical implications that we should reject. The chapter offers a general account of when ontological questions are matters of ... More


Other Minds, Facts, and Values

Jane Heal

in Knowing Other Minds

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
October 2019
ISBN:
9780198794400
eISBN:
9780191882609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794400.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

It is deep fact about us that we are social animals. The idea that ‘I’, ‘you’, and ‘we’ are interdependent concepts, and that joint thought and joint projects are central to our lives, is prominent ... More


Idealism and the Fact–Value Distinction (I)

W. J. Mander

in Idealist Ethics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780198748892
eISBN:
9780191811548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198748892.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The counter-thesis that there is no such thing as ‘idealist ethics’ rests largely on the presupposition that there obtains an absolute distinction between facts and values, a distinction which has ... More


Rational Choice Theory

John Dupré

in Human Nature and the Limits of Science

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248063
eISBN:
9780191597367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248060.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Develops a critique of important aspects of rational‐choice theory, parallel in part to the critique of evolutionary psychology. Whereas rational choice informs some potentially useful models of ... More


Thick Concepts: Deflating Significance

Pekka Väyrynen

in The Lewd, the Rude and the Nasty: A Study of Thick Concepts in Ethics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199314751
eISBN:
9780199369225
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199314751.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The chapter considers four general philosophical issues for which thick terms and concepts have been claimed to have deep and distinctive significance. It is argued that if the arguments in this book ... More


The Charms and Consequences of Evolutionary Psychology

John Dupré

in Human Nature and the Limits of Science

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248063
eISBN:
9780191597367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248060.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Considers, first, why the programme of evolutionary psychology appears to have such appeal, despite its epistemological weakness. Answers to this question include a commitment to an ill‐conceived ... More


Idealism and the Fact–Value Distinction (II)

W. J. Mander

in Idealist Ethics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780198748892
eISBN:
9780191811548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198748892.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter continues the discussion of idealists’ attempts to dismiss the supposed distinction between facts and values. An examination is offered of Hegel’s rejection of Fichte’s response to Kant, ... More


What Smarter People Have Said About Facts: Philosophical and Psychological Foundations

Morgan Marietta and David C. Barker

in One Nation, Two Realities: Dueling Facts in American Democracy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190677176
eISBN:
9780190677206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190677176.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

Premodern humans had a very different relationship with knowledge from the one we claim today in the post-Enlightenment world. The ancients believed that knowledge was limited and hard-won. Chapter 2 ... More


Patrolling the Science/Policy Border

Michael Oppenheimer, Naomi Oreskes, Dale Jamieson, Keynyn Brysse, Jessica O’Reilly, Matthew Shindell, and Milena Wazeck

in Discerning Experts: The Practices of Scientific Assessment for Environmental Policy

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226601960
eISBN:
9780226602158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226602158.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

A twentieth-century tradition of distinguished scientists offering policy advice has in the twenty-first century mostly given way to large, international, and highly bureaucratic assessments by ... More


Thoreau's Moral Epistemology and Its Contemporary Relevance

Alfred I. Tauber

in Thoreau's Importance for Philosophy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823239306
eISBN:
9780823239344
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823239306.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, American Philosophy

Resisting nineteenth-century positivism and the professionalization of science, Thoreau sought a way to configure knowledge into a personal context, in which objectified nature was also experienced ... More


What do we want and what should we do?

Olle Häggström

in Here Be Dragons: Science, Technology and the Future of Humanity

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780198723547
eISBN:
9780191790331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723547.003.0010
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

What do we want and what should we do? This chapter takes off from the fact–value distinction, and emphasizes that no matter what the empirical facts are, it is still up to us what to do. For ... More


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